Flood is a natural event or occurrence
where a piece of land or area that is
usually dry land, suddenly gets submerged
Floods occur at irregular intervals and
vary in size, duration and the affected
area. Some floods can occur suddenly and
recede quickly. Others take days or even
months to build and discharge.
Know about your local relief centers and
Keep emergency numbers as well as
emergency supplies, kits, first aid items.
Plant trees and shrubs in your compound
as they can control erosion.
Make sure you have permission from
emergency officers to get back inside your
Clean the entire home, together with all the
objects in it very well before you use them
Wear appropriate gear (mask and gloves)
before cleaning begins.
Cyclones are a powerful, spiral
weather that result from low pressure
systems. It is seen as a massive that
usually moves, covering a stretch of
Cyclones are not things that we can do
much about in terms of its occurrence
as it is natural.
Fit shutters, or atleast metal screens
to all glass areas.
Clear your property of loose material
that could blow about and possibly
cause damage during extreme winds.
Know your nearest safe high ground
and the safest across route to it.
Check for gas leaks . Don’t use electrical
appliances if wet.
Listen to local radio for official warnings
Don’t make unnecessary telephone calls.
Earthquakes are the rumblings, shaking or
rolling of the earth's surface.
Earthquakes is usually happens when two
blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one
another, or break apart from each other
as a result of tension caused by prolonged
energy build up.
The exterior portion of the Earth i.e. crust is not
continuous, and is broken into many pieces known
as plates. These plates move constantly. They can
slide past one another, or move into each other
because of the collisions taking place between
When this happens, disturbances are produced in
the earth’s crust, which lead to an earthquake on
the surface of the Earth.
Make sure you have a fire extinguisher, first
aid kit, a battery-powered radio, a flashlight
etc at home.
Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll
fall during a quake).
Learn the earthquake plan at your school or
Check yourself and others for injuries.
Provide first aid for anyone who needs it.
Turn on the radio. Don't use the phone
unless it's an emergency.
Stay out of damaged buildings.
If you're at school or work, follow the
emergency plan or the instructions of the
person in charge.
Landslide is the movement of rock, debris or
earth down a slope. They result from the failure
of the materials which make up the hill slope
and are driven by the force of gravity.
The movement of landslide material can vary
from abrupt collapses to slow gradual slides
and at rates which range from almost
undetectable to extremely rapid.
You should have an emergency kit and make
a family communications plan.
Become familiar with the land around you.
Learn whether landslide have occurred in
your area by contacting local officials.
Protect your property by planting ground
cover on slopes and building retaining walls.
Go to a designated public shelter if you
have been told to evacuate or you feel it is
unsafe to remain in your home.
Listen to local radio or television stations
for the latest emergency information.
Replant damaged ground as soon as possible
since erosion caused by loss of ground
cover can lead to flash flooding or
Drought is the absence of water for a long
period of time, at a place where it is
considered ‘not normal’ compared to its
Droughts may not be an issue just because
there is less or no precipitation. However, it
becomes an issue when it begins to affect
water supply for irrigation, municipal,
industrial, energy, and ecosystem function.
Optimize the use of soil’s and forage
Develop a hay storage plan.
Determine the optimum stocking
Graze pastures to target stubble
Reseed legumes and grasses as needed.
Use annual forages during pasture
A gradual increase in the overall
temperature of the earth's atmosphere
generally attributed to the greenhouse effect
caused by increased levels of carbon
dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel
burning power plants
Carbon dioxide emissions from burning
gasoline for transportation
Methane emissions from animals, agriculture
such as rice paddies, and from Arctic sea beds
Deforestation, especially tropical forests for
wood, pulp, and farmland
Increase in usage of chemical fertilizers on
THERE IS NO DISASTER THAT CAN
BECOME A BLESSING AND
NO BLESSING THAT CAN
BECOME A DISASTER
Terrorism refer to those violent acts
that are intended to create fear
(terror); are perpetrated for a
religious, political, or ideological
goal; and deliberately target or
disregard the safety of non-
combatants (e.g. neutral military
personnel or civilians).
o Socio economic