A. BACKGROUND Coconut timber comes from farmed plantations of old coconut palms. The coconut palm was planted as a crop in large plantations throughout the tropics in the early half of the 20th century in order to harvest the coconut fruit. The tree bears fruit until approximately 70 years of age, at which point it is considered to have reached the end of its economic life and is felled to make way for future crops. Each year, several million palms are felled throughout the tropics.
Traditionally, the trunks have been wasted by-products fromthis process. Only in very recent years have people begun toexplore the potential commercial uses for this vast,alternative supply of timber. This led to the commercial launchof coconut timber in a range of different products, fromflooring to posts to furniture. With these products performingat equal to or even better than conventional hardwoods,coconut timber represents a viable substitute for endangeredhardwoods from an ecologically-sound source.
B. CHARACTERISTIC Colour tones and hues range from golden to near ebony, with dark brown flecks. There are three basic coconut timber colour divisions relating to the timbers density: dark brown tones (high density); medium brown tones (medium density); and light golden tones (low density).Coconut trees have no annual growth rings, rays, heartwood or branches, meaning that coconut timber is free from knots and other such imperfections.
C. PROPERTIES The coconut palm is a monocotyledon. It has a smooth, slender stem that grows to a height of about 25 metres and with an average diameter of 300mm. The hardest, densest part of the wood is found on the outer perimeter of the trunk, which gives the tree its strength, while the woods high silica content gives the tree elasticity. Towards the centre of the trunk, the wood gets less hard. Coconut timber is classified according to three degrees of density: - High-density timber (dermal) – hard: 600-900kg/m³ - Medium-density timber (sub-dermal) – medium/hard: 400- 600kg/m³ - Low-density timber (core) – soft/medium: 200-400kg/m³ Janka ball hardness test: - Coconut = 1600 – 2200 psi (dependent on which figures you look at) - Douglas-fir = 510 psi - Oak between 1000 – 1200 psi dependent on type of oak.
D. USAGE Coconut timber has many applications as both a structural and interior Hawaiians hollowed the trunk to form drums, containers, or small canoes. design material. The harder, high-density timber is suitable for general The "branches" (leaf petioles) are strong and flexible enough to make a switch. structural purposes such as pillars, trusses, rafting, furniture, window and The use of coconut branches in corporal punishment was revived in the doorframes, floors, decking and floor joists. Medium density coconut Gilbertese community on Choiseul in the Solomon Islands in 2005. timber can be used for walls, ceiling joists and horizontal studs. Low density coconut timber is used in non-load bearing applications like wood panelling, internal trim and ceilings, as well as homewares. Coconut trunks are used for building small bridges; they are preferred for their straightness, strength and salt resistance. In Kerala (India), coconut trunks are used for house construction. Coconut timber comes from the trunk, and is increasingly being used as an ecologically sound substitute for endangered hardwoods. It has applications in furniture and specialized construction, notably in Manilas Coconut Palace.
When we are cutting of the coconut wood, first thing to do is selecting the coconut wood ages. We will uncover the timber skin. after we see the full black fiber that believed the wood age above 60years then we will cut the trees with a maximum height of 10 meters.
After cutting the coconut wood logs, wesend wood logs is through land transportand sea travel to arrive at our workshopin Semarang, Central Java.
The coconut wood requires a special handling procedures in making the woodenfloor. because coconut wood has a very large waste of value, it takes a certain technique. we call it the slam technique. These techniques put workmanship on the part of black fiber size in advance and set aside its derivatives.
Coconut Wood needs to be boiled toreduce the oil inside the wood. Theboiled process for approximately 5-6hours. After we boiled the wood, wewill kiln dry or oven the reduce themoisture. we do these to avoid thewood crack when it becoms furniture.the kiln dry process takes about 5-7days.
After boiling and drying according to standardprocedures, we will make tongue& groove point andsand in the machinery that we have.
Coconut Wood finishing refers to the process ofembellishing and/or protecting the surface of awooden material. The process starts withsurface preparation, either by sanding by hand(typically using a sanding block or powersander), scraping, or planing.Once the coconut wood surface is preparedand stained, a number of coats of finish may beapplied, often sanding between coats.Commonly we used wood finishes includelacquer, varnish, or paint.Finally the surface may be polished or buffedusing a final coat of PU / UV / Melamic can beapplied over the finish to add a slight amountof protection.
Our wood floors are usually packed in a variety of options, like the cardboard box or in wood pallet. We packed in a certain amount based on the size and buyers demand.
Samudera AlamTumbuh Bersama Alam... NusantaraWe are Samudera Alam Nusantara, a company based on Surabaya. We arerunning a full service of Coconut timber, Rosewood Teak Wood, Merbau Woodand Nyatoh Wood. We do a careful quality control from cutting until deliveringto costumer warehouse. Our vision is maximized natural resources potential byfulfilling and exploring the market needs.Samudera Alam Nusantara is always looking a new approach in giving fairbusiness in coconut wood especially in picking a good red black-brown fibercoconut timber and excellent shipping meets the urgency of the customer. Wealso doing kind of business such as selling and make design also build gazebofrom coconut timber.To better meet the diverse needs of each customer within the deals, weprovide a full support in better communication.
www.samuderaalamnusantara.com TEAK MUNGUR COCONUT WOOD Tumbuh Bersama Alam...