Based on CETIS “ Learning Technology Standards: An Overview ” Jan 29 2002 http://www.cetis.ac.uk/static/standards.html The phrase “learning standards” is one of the most powerful and most misunderstood aspects of the e-Learning revolution. As organizations make significant investments in digital learning content, there is a strong desire to have greater assurances, portability, and re-usability. As organizations focus on providing learners with the “just right” content and activities, there is a strong desire to have the ability to more easily store, search, index, deploy, assemble, and revise content. All of these hopes are part of the story of “learning standards”.
From the mid 70s to the early 9os things were relatively straight forward There were other libraries which we did – via central databases like OCLC a lot of business Then the internet came along and connected the libraries and Z39.50 made it easier The Web added extra sparkle to the mix and the proliferation of e-resources brought forward Web portals Link resolvers for the appropriate copy function This put acquisitions and Serials modules into a spin So they were propped up with paper and spreadsheets Then along came the ERM
RSS feeds provide the glue which link us to the content which we want to read. The feeds can allow students and researchers to subscribe to regular content from news services, blogs and relevant content from databases. They can create their own information world, choosing their content which then comes automatically to them, keeping them up to date. Thy may choose to use an aggregating service like Bloglines which collects the feeds from all their sources into a common format for swift browsing. Promotion of these to advanced researchers facilitates access and regular update of content concerning their chosen subjects.
These services make book marking much easier and portable between PCs. Connotea, CiteULike and del.icio.us are the most well-known. Del.icio.us can be used as a research tool to help students to organise what they find and bookmark easily, accessible anywhere. It can assist referencing and encourages them to tag, which is central to the linking of ideas, and aids sharing of resources. Individuals will use different tags according to their own interests, but when these are shared with others, this tagging can expose new links, which in turn lead to discovery of further resources.
What is del.icio.us? del.icio.us is a collection of favorites - yours and everyone else's. You can use del.icio.us to: Keep links to your favorite articles, blogs, music, reviews, recipes, and more, and access them from any computer on the web. Share favorites with friends, family, coworkers, and the del.icio.us community. Discover new things. Everything on del.icio.us is someone's favorite -- they've already done the work of finding it. So del.icio.us is full of bookmarks about technology, entertainment, useful information, and more. Explore and enjoy. del.icio.us is a social bookmarking website -- the primary use of del.icio.us is to store your bookmarks online, which allows you to access the same bookmarks from any computer and add bookmarks from anywhere, too. On del.icio.us, you can use tags to organize and remember your bookmarks, which is a much more flexible system than folders. You can also use del.icio.us to see the interesting links that your friends and other people bookmark, and share links with them in return. You can even browse and search del.icio.us to discover the cool and useful bookmarks that everyone else has saved -- which is made easy with tags.
The “blogosphere” can be viewed as a kind of global brain and a vital part of online culture. Blogs are primary sources and can contain some of the most current opinion on the web and are becoming a valid source to get the latest ideas about a subject. However, the task of selecting from the over 72 million blogs will require some assistance from librarians. Whom do you trust? Tools like Technorati and Blogpulse can be useful aids. Advice on the evaluation of blogs can be gained from Kathy Schrock’s Guide for Educators Critical Evaluation Surveys & Resources. http://school.discovery.com/schrockguide/evalblog.html Blogs can help to develop writing skills, encourage community and reflection, and thereby assist deep learning. With the support of academic staff (particularly in agreeing the software to be used – e.g. Blogger or Blackboard) they could be used in our teaching, with student content being collected into the teacher’s aggregator. Students doing major pieces of research could be encouraged to keep a blog as a way of recording progress, managing their time and reflection. They could be used to build up evidence of their progress and to gather opinions from peers or instructors.
We need to teach ways of searching for podcasts e.g. http://podcasts.yahoo.com. Librarians are already using them for library instruction, especially for distance learners. Access can be via iTunes, allowing users to jump around chapters. Podcasts can be effective for academic star performers with wonderful voices! They allows students to time-shift and can be used in a car, while jogging….anywhere.
LibraryThing Librarians who want to trial social networking tools should first consider LibraryThing and Library 2.0. The former enables the storage of details about books which have been read. (i.e.cataloguing).Brief descriptions, reviews and tags can be constructed. The information is then shared with others who have read the book . This may foster alternative and additional reading, based on their opinions and favourites. Rather like a book club, this could be used with groups of students to encourage reading, sharing of favourites and critical review. Library 2.0 YouTube This service, although limited to a ten minute format and of variable technical quality, can be used to create our own YouTube videos for promotional programmes and tutorials. Some of the best examples have used students as presenters, and their involvement in planning is crucial. Librarians now also have an interesting teaching resource in YouTube material for use in our teaching to trigger discussion. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFAWR6hzZek
Flickr is a photo sharing website and web services suite, and an online community platform. It was one of the earliest Web 2.0 applications. In addition to being a popular Web site for users to share personal photographs, the service is widely used by bloggers as a photo repository. Its popularity has been fueled by its innovative online community tools that allow photos to be tagged and browsed by folksonomic means. It hosts over two billion images
แรงผลักดันที่มีต่อห้องสมุดยุคใหม่ เป็นส่วนหนึ่งปฏิสัมพันธ์ออนไลน์ ที่ห้องสมุดจำเป็นต้องมีส่วนร่วม เป้าหมายคือเพิ่มสมรรถนะของผู้เรียนรู้ตามเป้าหมายของการเรียนรู้ Information Skill Information Competencies Information Literacy
ภาพแสดงแนวโน้มการจัดการของห้องสมุด User facing (From ERM and the LMS –Peter Evans, Ringgold 2006) OPAC Titles Circulation cataloguing Serial s Acquisitions Back office Web Portal Z39.50 OpenURL – Link resolvers e-Titles e-Titles e-Titles Libraries
e-books local online catalogue reading lists e-prints digital objects pushed data/alerts exam papers e-journals databases catalogues e-theses ห้องสมุดจะเป็นแหล่งรวมของทรัพยากรสารสนเทศเพื่อการเรียนรู้ทุกประเภท
อ้างอิงจาก : Asselin, M and Doiron, R. (2008). Toward a Transformative Pedagogy for School Libraries 2.0. School Libraries Worldwide.14(2 ): 1-18. Reading Writing Information Literacy New Technologies Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Visual Language Pod Casting Cellular Surfing Wiki Blogging