Computer / Internet SecurityWest Haven Public Librarywww.westhavenlibrary.org
Computer / Internet Security• Use of internet services are unavoidable▫ Job applications, school applications, taxes, credit,banking, DMV forms, personal communication(email), social networking (facebook), shopping,research, entertainment• All parts of your life potentially have an onlinecounterpart
Computer / Internet Security• Everything you do online…▫ Every account you make▫ Every purchase▫ Every job application• Creates data about you
Computer / Internet Security• Not always a bad thing… BUT▫ Danger in losing control of your data (accounts)▫ Danger in over sharing▫ Danger in important data being destroyed(photos, records, documents)
Good NewsIt’s easy to stay safe and protect yourself
Computer / Internet SecurityGoals• Secure your data• Keep what’s privatePRIVATE• Prevent attack/ intrusion• Prepare for the worst,prevent loss
Computer / Internet SecurityGoals Action• Secure your data• Keep what’s private PRIVATE• Prevent attack/ intrusion• Prepare for the worst, preventloss• Use better password practices• Be aware of what/how youshare• Be proactive- use protectivesoftware- be vigilant• BACKUP, BACKUP, BACKUP
Data?• Your data is anything on your computer orinformation stored in online accounts▫ Documents, files, photos▫ Online shopping sites▫ Banking, credit card▫ Social networking profiles• Data that you own/control• Private (banking info)• Public (online profiles)
Why bother?• Whether public (online profiles) or private(financial info) you need to stay in control• Ensure that only authorized people can accessyour data, accounts, filesWeb-based accounts and services are increasinglyimportant
Dangers•Breaches can come from▫ Leaked/ stolen data Leaked by a company or organization Stolen via virus on a computer you use▫ Targeted attacks▫ Automated attacks- cracks
Dangers• Virus, Malware, Spyware, Adware, Trojans▫ Software created to steal information, changesettings, destroy files, take control of your system▫ Most commonly contracted online unbeknownstto the user Email attachments, malicious websites, softwaredownloads, toolbars
Secure Your Data• Biggest step is use better passwordpractices▫ more difficult to guess▫ Harder to crack (longer in length)▫ Make it easier to deal with if username/passwordsare leaked
Better Passwords• Dont use passwords that are based on personalinformation that can be easily accessed orguessed.▫ It may be easier than you think to guess your pet’sname, birthday, child’s name, favoritecolor, mother’s maiden name, etc.▫ “password” “love” are extremely common andeasily guessed
Better Passwords• Dont use words that can be found in anydictionary of any language.▫ A single word, spelled correctly, is easy to checkagainst a dictionary▫ Single words are also short, easy to break usingrandom guesses.
Stronger Passwords• Use both lowercase and capital letters.• Use a combination of letters, numbers, andspecial characters.▫ Maine96knees@MtSnow• Develop a mnemonic for remembering complexpasswords.
Stronger Passwords• Use passphrases when you can.▫ Longer in length- harder to guess/ crack▫ Easier to remember▫ puppytograndmasforsummervacation
Stronger Passwords• Use different passwords on different systems▫ If you use the same password at one site that isbroken into- then attackers can access your data atother sites using that same username/password.
Keep what’s private PRIVATE• Be aware of what you share• When creating an account consider who you aregiving your data to• Any site asking for banking, social security, orlogin information for a different site should beclosely examined.
Keep what’s private PRIVATE• When creating accounts consider what you areentering and how it will be used• You decide your comfort level with what youshare
Email• Email is more like a postcard than a letter• Chances are no one other than the recipient willsee it BUT it is possible for others see its contentalong the way (just like a postcard)• Do not email: credit card #, logins/passwords
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)The address that connects you with a website.Parts of the URLhttp://www.google.comhttp:// = protocol [Hypertext Transfer Protocol]www. = World Wide Webgoogle = domain name.com = domain typeDomain Types.com = commercial.org = generally nonprofit organizations.edu = higher education.gov = U.S. government agency
Browsing the Web- Secure Sites• Any site asking for sensitive info should beencrypted (Banks, Insurance, etc.)• Encrypted site addresses begin with▫ https://www.google.com- ENCRYPTED▫ http://www.google.com- NOT encrypted
Browsing the Web• As you browse the web- websites collect infoabout you• Your web browser keeps a history and collectscookies from websites• Use your browser settings to:▫ Clear your browser cache/history/cookies▫ Limit 3rd party cookies
Keep what’s private PRIVATE• If you have WiFi at home, set a password▫ Keep your neighbors off your network (unless youwant them there)▫ Refer to the directions that came with yourRouter/Modem/Wifi
Prevent attack/ intrusion• A Virus will get in through an open door or youunwillingly open the door yourself
Anti-Virus• A program that scans your files and activelymonitors to prevent infection• Once installed, anti-virus monitors for virusactivity, quarantines, and deletes• Be sure to frequently run the virus scan• Be sure that “definitions” are updated
Anti-Virus• Free▫ AVG▫ Avast▫ Microsoft Security Essentials www.windows.microsoft.com/mse• Commercial▫ McAffee▫ Symantec Norton▫ Bit Defender
Prevent attack/ intrusion• Be vigilant• Don’t download email attachments that youdon’t trust• If something from someone you trust lookssuspicious check with them before opening
Prevent attack/ intrusion• Scareware▫ Virus/Malware that looks like an anti-virusprogram▫ Popup while browsing the web• Know what Anti-virus you have and how to use it