Visualizing Cinema Data: Presentation at HOMER (Prague 2013)

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Cinema data is characteristically complex, heterogeneous and interlinked. Rather than relying on simple information retrieval techniques, researchers are increasingly turning to the creative exploration and reapplication of data in order to more fully explore the meaning of newly available and diverse data sets. In this context, the cinema historian becomes the creator of visual texts which can be assessed for both their interpretive insight and their aesthetic qualities. This paper presents four research projects that develop different spatio-temporal visualisation techniques to understand the industrial dynamics of post-war film exhibition and distribution in Australia. The research integrates groundbreaking work by a group of inter-disciplinary investigators into the effectiveness of techniques such as dendritic mapping, Circos, time-series graphs, animation, cartogram mapping, and multivariate visualisation for the study of cinema circuits and operations at a number of scales.  

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  • Visualization : Michelle Mantsio
  • Visualizing Cinema Data: Presentation at HOMER (Prague 2013)

    1. 1. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BSPATIAL VISUALISATION FORHETEROGENEOUS CINEMADATA SETSColin Arrowsmith1 , Deb Verhoeven2 and Alwyn Davidson21School of Mathematical and Geospatial Sciences, RMIT University2School of Communication and Creative Arts, Deakin UniversityHOMER PragueJune 12-14, 2013
    2. 2. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B 2OBJECTIVETo explore cinema data sets using geovisualisation andspatial analysis
    3. 3. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BBACKGROUND• Why spatial?• Issues of spatial visualisation– Complex– Heterogeneous• Illustrate with 4 studies
    4. 4. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BFOUR CASE STUDIES• The Greek cinema circuit• Post-war cinema venues in Australia• Multivariate visualisations• Global film screenings
    5. 5. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCASE STUDY 1: THE GREEK CINEMACIRCUIT• Objective–To explore historical changes in the diasporic Greekcinema distribution of Finos and Anzervos films duringthe period 1956 to 1963• Rationale–To demonstrate the role of geographic analysis inunderstanding cinema circuit behaviour
    6. 6. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BDATA ACQUISITION• Archival newspaper and oral history research• Government records– censorship records– theatre licence and company records• Geo-location using street address or via GPS
    7. 7. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BANZERVOS
    8. 8. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BFINOS
    9. 9. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BANZERVOS (SECTION)
    10. 10. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BFINOS (SECTION)
    11. 11. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BKEY CHAINS IDENTIFIEDNo. ofvenuesAnzervos Finos1 B C B A2 BC CB BC AD3 BCB CBC BCB BCA4 BCBC MGPC BCBC BCBA
    12. 12. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCIRCOS – CIRCULAR VISUALISATIONS• Film sequence (Fort of Freedom):–BCBBBBBCAABBBBBB by screeningor–BCBCAB venue sequencing
    13. 13. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCHANGE IN SEQUENCE(ANZERVOS)The Fort of FreedomAli Pasha and Mrs Frossini
    14. 14. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCHANGE IN SEQUENCE(FINOS)AsteroMusic, Povery and Pride
    15. 15. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCHANGE OF VENUE DATE
    16. 16. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCHANGE OF VENUE DATEAli Pasha and Mrs FrosiniSJAAACCCBBBBBBCB00.511.522.533.50 10 20 30 40 50 60 70DaysMonthsThe Fort of FreedomBBBBBAACBBBBBCB051015202530350 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40DaysMonths
    17. 17. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCHANGE OF VENUE DATEMusic, Poverty and PrideFKKDDDDABBBBBBBBBBBIIAAGCP01020304050607080901000 20 40 60 80 100 120DaysMonthsAsteroDKFJJJJJJBBBBBBDOOBBBBBAAAABBCBBBBBBCBBB051015202530350 50 100 150 200 250DaysMonths
    18. 18. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B• The olives are where films finished: green= Sydney venue,purple = Melbourne venue• Leaves are screenings: yellow is QLD, light green is NSW, darkergreen is VIC, dark brown is SA• The distance is days between screenings and done to scaleAnzervos FinosOLIVE TREES
    19. 19. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BKEY FINDINGS (CASE STUDY 1)• Main cinema circuits can be identified via Markov-Chainanalysis• Various approaches to visualising cinema sequencing–At different temporal and spatial scales
    20. 20. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCASE STUDY 2: POST-WAR CINEMA INAUSTRALIA• Objective:–To undertake a geographical analysis of Post-War cinema inAustralia• Rationale:–Geographic variation of cinema distribution and survivalpoorly understood–Methods for representing historical data require development
    21. 21. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BMETHODOLOGY• Scan “Film Weekly” summaries• Convert scanned files to text• Generate “base year” (1948) spreadsheet• Determine new and closed cinemas for subsequent years for studyperiod• Link to suburb polygons in GIS• Significant post-processing of data
    22. 22. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BFILM WEEKLY SCAN
    23. 23. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCINEMA CARTOGRAMS• Cartogram is a map where a thematic variable is substituted forarea (or distance)• Population substituted for area
    24. 24. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCARTOGRAM OF POPULATION WITHCHANGES IN CINEMA NUMBERS
    25. 25. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B1948 to 1953HOT SPOTANALYSIS
    26. 26. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B1953 to 1958
    27. 27. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B1958 to 1963
    28. 28. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B1958 to 1963
    29. 29. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B1963 to 1968
    30. 30. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B1968 to 1971
    31. 31. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BURBAN SCALE CHANGES(MELBOURNE)1948 to 19531963 to 1968 1968 to 19711953 to 1958 1958 to 1963
    32. 32. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BKEY FINDINGS (CASE STUDY 2)• Steady decline in total numbers from 1958 stabilising around1969-71• Significant geographic variation with time• Difficulties working at multiple scales
    33. 33. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCASE STUDY 3• Objective–To investigate the spatial and multivariate aspects of large cinemacompany venues• Characteristics–Change over time, geographical nature, the relationship betweendifferent variables• Key Criteria–Flexible, multivariate, show change of geography and variables,analytical, bases for discussion
    34. 34. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113B
    35. 35. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BKEY FINDINGS (CASE STUDY 3)• Visualisations can offer new insights into information and canbe used to facilitate or drive research• Multivariate data can be understood when a visual mode ofcommunication is introduced• A flexible model allows users to investigate data that is relevantto their own inquiry
    36. 36. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCASE STUDY 4: GLOBALCONTEMPORARY FILM SCREENINGS• Objective–Identify factors connecting film distribution and exhibition–To create a digital atlas of cinema practice• Rationale:–Changes in modes of film distribution–Plan for sustainable cinema industry
    37. 37. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BDATA SOURCE–Records of screenings of all films in all cinema venues–Screenings for 48 countries–Many additional attributes
    38. 38. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BLIFE OF PI30 November 2012 7 December 201214 December 2012 21 December 2012
    39. 39. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BLIFE OF PI28 December 2012 4 January 201311 January 2013 17 January 2013
    40. 40. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BKEY FINDINGS (CASE STUDY 4)• Unique challenges of working with large data sets• Number of small errors and inconsistencies• Work still in progress
    41. 41. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BCHALLENGES OF WORKING WITHCINEMA DATA• Multiple sources of data• Working at multiple scales• Working with historic data• Multiple definitions
    42. 42. Deakin University CRICOS Provider Code: 00113BFURTHER INFORMATION• Colin Arrowsmith: colin.arrowsmith@rmit.edu.au• Deb Verhoeven: deb.verhoeven@deakin.edu.au• Alwyn Davidson: alwyn.davidson@deakin.edu.auRELATED PUBLICATIONSColin Arrowsmith and Deb Verhoeven, Visual methods for showing cinema circuits atvarying temporal and spatial scales’, in Colin Arrowsmith, Chris Bellman, WilliamCartwright, Simon Jones and Mark Shortis (ed.) Proceedings of the Geospatial ScienceResearch Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, 12-14 December 2011, pp. 1-15.Alwyn Davidson, Colin Arrowsmith and Deb Verhoeven, A Method for the VisualRepresentation of Historic Multivariate Point Data, in ADVANCES IN CARTOGRAPHYAND GISCIENCE. VOLUME 2, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, 2011,Volume 6, Part 2, 163-178Petal Diagrams: http://figshare.com/authors/Alwyn_Davidson/101452

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