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  1. 1. PHOTO: BRAND X PICTURESYour Guide to Eating OutWWhether it’s a business meeting over lunch, dinnerfrom a neighborhood carry out, or a fast-food mealwith the kids, eating out is a part of our lives. We eatout because it’s easy, it’s quick, and it’s fun. But is it salad dressings, low-fat or fat-free milk, and salt substitutes. It’s easy to find salads, fish, vegetables, baked or broiled food, and whole-grain breads. Many restaurants have menu items that are “hearthealthy? healthy.” Ask for calorie and fat information onIt can be. Plan ahead, choose wisely, and you’ll find menu items. If you ask, chefs will often makefoods that fit into your meal plan. Many restaurants low-fat entrees using low-cholesterol eggs or leanare trying to meet diners’ health needs. More and more cuts of meat. You can ask for: skinless chicken, nopeople want healthy food choices. Some are watching butter on a particular dish, broiled instead of fried,calories. Others want to keep their cholesterol under and your sauces to be served on the side. There arecontrol or eat less fat. some restaurants that let you order smaller portions at lower prices.Some restaurants offer foods lower in cholesterol, fat,and sodium, and higher in fiber. All restaurants offerlow calorie sweeteners in the blue, yellow or pinkpackets, and diet drinks. Many offer reduced-calorie 1 1-800-DIABETES
  2. 2. in the salad dressing, then spear a piece of lettuce. Or add a teaspoon of dressing Dining On Time at a time to your salad. You’ll use less this way. If you have diabetes • Order foods that are not breaded or fried and take diabetes PHOTO: BRAND X PICTURES because they add fat. If the food comes medication breaded, peel off the outer coating. • Read the menu creatively. Order a fruit If you take diabetes pills cup for an appetizer or the breakfast or insulin, it pays to think melon for dessert. Instead of a dinner about when you’ll eat as entree, combine a salad with a low-fat well as what you’ll eat.Table Tips appetizer. You can avoid problems by planning ahead. If you’rePick a restaurant with a variety of • Ask for substitutions. Instead of French eating out with others, askchoices to increase your chances of fries, request a double order of a them to eat at your usualfinding the foods you want. When vegetable. If you can’t get a substitute, eat out, order only what you just ask that the high-fat food be left off Make your plans so youneed and want. your plate. won’t be kept waiting for a • Ask for low-calorie items, such as salad table when you need to beHere’s how to order. dressings, even if they’re not on the eating.• If you don’t know what’s in a dish or menu. Vinegar and a dash of oil or a Have your reservations don’t know the serving size, ask. squeeze of lemon are a better choice and be on time. Avoid the• Try to eat the same portion as you would than high-fat dressings. times when the restaurant at home. If the serving size is larger, is busiest so you won’t have • Limit alcohol, which adds calories but no to wait. share some with a dining partner, or put nutrition to your meal. the extra food in a container to go. Ask whether “special” Some restaurants will better meet dishes will take extra time.• Eat slowly. your special needs if you phone ahead. When you make the If your lunch or dinner is• Ask for fish or meat broiled with no extra going to be later than usual, butter. reservation, ask if your food can be prepared with vegetable oil, low- eat a fruit or starch serving• Order your baked potato plain, then top from that meal at your usual fat margarine, little salt, no extra it with a teaspoon of margarine or low- mealtime. sauce or butter, and broiled instead calorie sour cream, and/or vegetables of fried. Or ask to see a copy of the If the dinner will be very from the salad bar. menu in advance so that you know late, you can eat your which items would work well with bedtime snack at your usual• If you are on a low-salt meal plan, ask your meal plan. dinner time. Then, eat your that no salt be added to your food. full dinner at the later hour.• Ask for sauces, gravy and salad dressings If you like the healthy choices on a You may need to adjust your “on the side.” Try dipping your fork tines restaurant’s menu, let the manager insulin to do this. 2 1-800-DIABETES
  3. 3. know. If you want more low-calorie, low-cholesterol with sugar and fat. Add fruit juice or low-fat or fat-freechoices, say so. Restaurants, like any business, offer milk. Order cold cereal with fat-free milk, pancakeswhat their customers want. They only know what without butter, or plain scrambled eggs. Limit baconyou want if you tell them. and sausage because they are high in fat.The Fast-Food Your order, please?Challenge The fast food we eat may stick around a lot longer than we’d like. It may linger in our bodies as excessBelieve it or not, you can make healthy fast-food blood fats and extra pounds.choices. How? Know exactly what you are orderingand plan ahead. Keep the ground • Watch out for words like jumbo,rules of good nutrition in mind. giant, deluxe, biggie-sized orEat a variety of foods in moderate super-sized. Larger portions meanamounts, limit the amount of fat more calories. They also meanyou eat, and watch the amount of more fat, cholesterol and salt.salt in food. Order a regular or junior-sized sandwich instead.What you order is the key. It’s easyto eat an entire day’s worth of fat, • Choose grilled or broiledsalt, and calories in just one fast- sandwiches with meats such asfood meal. But it’s also possible to lean roast beef, turkey or chickenmake wise choices and eat a fairly breast, or lean ham. Order itemshealthy meal. plain, without toppings, rich sauces, or mayonnaise. Add flavorHere are some tips to help you PHOTO: BRAND X PICTURES with mustard, and crunch withchoose well: PHOTO: BRAND X PICTURES lettuce, tomato, and onion.• Know that an average fast-food meal can run as high as • Skip the croissant or biscuit. Eat your sandwich on a 1000 calories or more bun, bread or English muffin and save calories and fat.• Know the nutritional value of the foods you order. • Stay away from double burgers or "super" hot dogs with Although there are some good choices, many fast-food cheese, chili, or sauces. Cheese carries an extra 100 items are high in fat and calories calories per ounce, as well as added fat and sodium.• If youre having fast-food for one meal, let your other • Go for the salad bar, but watch out for high-fat toppings meals that day contain healthier foods, like fruits and like dressings, bacon bits, cheeses, and croutons. Even vegetables too much low-calorie dressing can add up. Check• Think about how your food will be cooked. Chicken and the calories on the packet. Also limit salad bar items fish can be good choices - but not if they are breaded that are dressed with a lot of mayo, such as potato or and deep fried macaroni salad. Fill your salad with things like carrots, peppers, onion, celery, broccoli, cauliflower, spinach,• If breakfast is your fast-food meal, choose a plain bagel, and etc. toast, or English muffin. Other muffins may be loaded 3 1-800-DIABETES
  4. 4. Low Fat Food Choices APPETIZERS FATS - Tomato juice, soup (not cream based), consommé - Diet margarine, low-calorie salad dressing, low-fat - Raw (not marinated) vegetables such as celery sour cream or yogurt or radishes; skip the dip VEGETABLES - Fresh fruit - Raw, stewed, steamed, boiled - Fresh, steamed seafood MEAT, POULTRY, FISH EGGS - Roasted, baked, broiled, or grilled poultry, fish, or - Poached, boiled seafood SALADS - Lean meats with fat trimmed - Tossed vegetable, lettuce, sliced tomato, - Dishes with gravy or sauce on the side cucumber DESSERTS - Cottage cheese (as part of meal plan) - Fresh fruit or fruit juice - Salads with low-calorie dressing, lemon juice, - Fat-free or low-fat yogurt or vinegar - One scoop of ice cream BREADS BEVERAGES - Whole-grain rolls or crackers, biscuits, tortillas or - Coffee, tea breads - Low-fat milk POTATOES AND SUBSTITUTES - Sugar-free soda - Baked, boiled, or steamed potatoes - Plain rice or noodlesYour order, please? cont’d • End your meal with sugar-free, fat-free frozen yogurt or a small cone of fat-free yogurt. Better still, bring a piece• Order bean burritos, soft tacos, fajitas, and other non- of fresh fruit from home. Ices, sorbets, and sherbets fried items when eating Mexican fast foods. Choose have less fat and fewer calories than ice cream. But chicken over beef. Limit refried beans. Or ask if they they are chock full of sugar. If you have diabetes, you’ll have beans that arent refried. Pile on extra lettuce, need to work the extra carbohydrate into your meal plan. tomatoes, and salsa. Go easy on cheese, sour cream, and guacamole. Watch out for deep-fried taco salad • Be alert for traps. Fat-free muffins for breakfast may shells - a taco salad can have more than 1,000 calories! have plenty of sugar. Skinless fried chicken can have almost as much fat as the regular kind. Chinese food• Pizza can be a good fast food choice. Go for thin crust may seem like a healthy choice, but many dishes are pizza with vegetable toppings. Limit to 1-2 slices. Meat deep fried or high in fat and sodium, especially in the and extra cheese add calories, fat and sodium. sauces. 4 1-800-DIABETES