Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

blah

271 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Business, Sports
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

blah

  1. 1. Egypt: The Birthplace of Water Transport (3000 - 4000 BC) Egyptian hieroglyphics depicting a ship Egyptian wall painting depicting a wooden boat with square sail
  2. 2. From Boats to Ships (3200 BC) Boat Ship <ul><li>Made from papyrus </li></ul><ul><li>Paddles/poles used </li></ul><ul><li>No sail </li></ul><ul><li>Slower and less stable </li></ul><ul><li>Used for hunting or crossing short distances </li></ul><ul><li>Made from cedar wood </li></ul><ul><li>Oars used </li></ul><ul><li>Sail present </li></ul><ul><li>Faster and more stable </li></ul><ul><li>Used for transporting heavy material, trade and war </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tools and Construction <ul><li>Primitive tools used </li></ul><ul><li>Various tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal saws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chisel and mallet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient chisel (top) and mallet (bottom) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Tools and Construction <ul><li>Planks of wood lashed together using mortise and tenon joint </li></ul><ul><li>Reeds used to seal seams between planks </li></ul><ul><li>No internal framing </li></ul><ul><li>Covered with animal hide </li></ul>
  5. 5. From Paddle to Oar Paddle Oar <ul><li>Shorter: </li></ul><ul><li>boat needed to be low for paddle to reach waterline </li></ul><ul><li>restricted overall size/ height of boat </li></ul><ul><li>Longer: </li></ul><ul><li>permitted size/speed of boat to increase </li></ul><ul><li>allowed for multiple rowers </li></ul><ul><li>secured to boat </li></ul><ul><li>steering oars </li></ul>
  6. 6. Impact on Egyptian Society <ul><li>Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Access to precious resources </li></ul><ul><li>Travel and exploration </li></ul>
  7. 7. What do archaeologists believe King Khufu’s boat was used for? <ul><li>Waging war against other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting for crocodiles on the Nile </li></ul><ul><li>Funeral procession </li></ul><ul><li>Transporting heavy construction materials </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>One of the world’s oldest existing boats </li></ul>King Khufu’s Boat (2500 BC) Discovery of Khufu's Boat video
  9. 9. Map of transition between Egypt to Europe! <ul><li>raymondddd </li></ul>
  10. 10. Viking Ships (793 – 1066AD) <ul><li>Also known as “Dragon ships” </li></ul><ul><li>Double-ended </li></ul><ul><li>Fitted with oars </li></ul>Artist’s impression of viking ship
  11. 11. <ul><li>Viking force and power </li></ul><ul><li>Superstition </li></ul>Symbolism of Dragonhead Viking ship dragonhead
  12. 12. Materials and Tools <ul><li>Oak wood </li></ul><ul><li>Axes and adzes </li></ul>Splitting log using axe Using adze to smooth wood
  13. 15. “ Clinker” Technique
  14. 16. What did the Vikings use the sunstone for? <ul><li>Navigation in the dark </li></ul><ul><li>Carving dragonheads </li></ul><ul><li>Water storage </li></ul><ul><li>Mirrors </li></ul>Sunstone
  15. 17. Which country did the Vikings accidentally discover in 985 AD? <ul><li>America </li></ul><ul><li>Bahamas </li></ul><ul><li>Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Djibouti </li></ul>
  16. 18. Impact on Society <ul><li>Promote trade all over Europe & Central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Colonisation and slavery </li></ul>

×