Chemical Information - BCHM281/CHEM281 2010


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Slides from my August 2010 workshops in chemistry information sources for BCHM281/CHEM281. Slides with a yellow background contain aggregated notes from students' input into the workshop.

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Chemical Information - BCHM281/CHEM281 2010

  1. 1. Chemical Information<br />BCHM281 / CHEM281 - 2010<br />
  2. 2. Our mission is...<br />Finding reliable (and recent) information sources<br />Finding a paper by specific authors<br />Finding review articles on particular subjects like biochemicals<br />Finding information for compounds – formulas, structures, toxicity<br />Finding out about enzymes – EC numbers<br />Using ChemSketch / drawing chemical structures<br />Using Google Scholar<br />Find out how often a paper has been cited<br />Formatting a bibliography in the ACS citation style<br />
  3. 3. We already know... (p. 1)<br />Journals have articles relating to the journal topic<br />A review article sums up what other articles have been written on a subject<br />Citing means listing what you’ve read as research/background<br />References (inline and at end) are used when the author’s quoting something, or refering to facts<br />We can draw structures by hand<br />
  4. 4. We already know... (p. 2)<br />Some of us also know:<br />How to reference in the APA style<br />How to find papers through Google Scholar / Scopus<br />How to get a list of lecturers’ papers from the department website<br />How to locate chemical data – from Vogel’s Textbook of Practical Organic Chemistry<br />
  5. 5. We need to know…<br />How to find reliable sources including papers and references<br />About review articles<br />Finding chemical data, EC numbers etc<br />Drawing molecules in ChemSketch/ Chemspider<br />Find out the number of citations – how often something’s been cited<br />How to reference properly - ACS citation style<br />
  6. 6. Today we’ll cover…<br />How scientists share information<br />Finding chemical and/or enzyme data<br />Structure drawing<br />Finding papers<br />Citing sources in ACS style<br />
  7. 7. How would you… share your results?<br />Give talks<br />Write them down and send to a friend<br />Send letters or newsletters<br />Publish in newspapers<br />Publish independently - get in touch with a printing press to publish papers or books<br />Gather articles about the same subject and send out a journal<br />
  8. 8. Journals<br />Magazines for scientists<br />Narrow subject focus<br />New issues regularly(quarterly/monthly/...)<br />Each issue has papers by a variety of authors about their research.<br />
  9. 9. How would you… prevent hoaxes?<br />Repeat the experiment and see if you get the same results<br />Check the author’s credentials - make sure it’s not sent by a politician!<br />Employ people who know the field to edit journals<br />Check ideas against previously published information<br />Peer review – Send papers out to other people who know the subject to see what they think about them and whether they’re feasible or credible<br />
  10. 10. Peer review<br />The paper is sent to the author’s peers - scientists working in the same field.<br />They review the article to check for accuracy, clarity, reproducibility, etc.<br />The author makes corrections and improvements.<br />The article is published.<br />
  11. 11. How would you… balance access & profit?<br />Put journals in a search engine – easy to find<br />Charge libraries and universities for passwords<br />Big companies manage databases = articles from lots of journals all in one place<br />Subscription fees or pay-per-article<br />A free preview but pay for the full article<br />Articles could be free to view, funded by:<br />advertising<br />research grants<br />donations<br />government (find a military application for it!)<br />universities (maybe hosted on university servers)<br />
  12. 12. Databases<br />By publisher vs by subject<br />Full-text vs citation only<br />Papers vs data<br />Precision vs usability<br />Pay-for vs free<br />No-one has it all!<br />
  13. 13. So where to start?<br /> <br />
  14. 14. handling and storage<br />hazard ratings<br />accidental release measures<br />toxicological data<br />properties<br />
  15. 15. reactions<br />EC numbers<br />organisms<br />inhibitors<br />substrates<br />properties<br />references<br />
  16. 16. properties<br />formula<br />structure drawing<br />weight<br />& much, much more data...<br />links to some articles/patents<br />
  17. 17. journal articles<br />review articles<br />links to full-text (if we have it)<br />who’s cited who<br />
  18. 18. Author(s)<br />Title of the paper<br />Where it was published – Journal name<br />Year published<br />Volume<br />Issue<br />Page numbers<br />How would you… cite a paper?<br />
  19. 19. Anatomy of a citation<br />Colak, A. T.; Colak, F.; Yesilel, O. Z.; Buyukgungor, O. Synthesis, spectroscopic, thermal, voltammetric studies and biological activity of crystalline complexes of pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid and 8-hydroxyquinoline. J. Mol. Struct.2009, 936 (1-3), 67-74.<br />
  20. 20. Summary<br />Subject guide website & “How to find” tab for:<br />Chemical data<br />Journal articles<br />Safety data sheets<br />For reliable sources search in databases which collect peer-reviewed journals – eg Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar<br />What each database specialises in:<br />Brenda for enzymes and EC numbers<br />ChemWatch for hazards and material safety datasheets (MSDS)<br />ChemSpider for structure, properties, drawing molecules<br />Web of Science, Google Scholar for journal papers<br />Refining document type to “Review” to narrow down to overviews<br />ACS style – see<br />
  21. 21. Slides and tips<br /> <br />
  22. 22. Contact me<br />Chat<br />Email<br />Visit<br />Phone<br />