My approach is rather pragmatic….May as well jump on board and profit from what online learning and technology have to offer
So, are students today an isolate “me” generation, incapable of concentrating? Not according to Don Tapscott – author of “The Digital Economy” and “Growing Up Digital” (look for his talks in TED talks!)
Yes, I know, we can all see disadvantages too!
Bringing it back to US
And this leads us to ADDIE and to QM and to one talk I attended at the eMerge conference
eMerge New Directions in Blended Learning Conference at Corporate College East a Division of Cuyahoga Community College on March 13, 2013.
Why am I taking up your time?
Experience learning online
Increasing experience teaching online
Luxury of time
Leigh Hall seminars and webinars
eMerge conference in Cleveland
Fascination – bottom line!
Online learning is here…
Increasingly, students arriving at U of A will have already taken an
- second largest virtual school in the Nation – 800 teachers
supplemental program :
offers many course options that students may not otherwise
have access to
receive their diplomas from the public school in which they are
accelerated path/credit recovery
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction ruling
So the question is …
How can we “embrace the good stuff” and use it to enhance
Interest and access to technology
Ability to collaborate
Blurring of the distinction of “learning” and “fun”
Need to balance needs:
The needs of Akron students
Need for foreign languages
Relevant FL courses
Keep down textbook costs?
Maintain quality of instruction
Maintain high standards
Maintain/increase course enrollment
Online learning – can this do the
Flexible access for student and for instructor
Control of content
Seamless embedding of multimedia/primary sources
Learning styles and accommodations
Learning extending outside the classroom
What about quality/standards?
What about building a classroom community?
What about productive language skills?
We’re looking good at the U. of A.
Access to other tools:
Technological backup (for students and instructors)
Ongoing instruction available through computer services and
If a course is a good as its design and the instructor, DESIGN
is very important
Online courses and design
Online courses (or hybrids) require very careful design
From the ADDIE point of view: Importance of going through the
different steps of ADDIE…..
( “a colloquial label for a systematic approach to instructional
Morrison, Gary R.. Designing effective instruction. 6th ed. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2011. Print.
Analyze: Define the needs and constraints
Design: Specify learning activities, assessment and
choose methods and media
Develop: Begin production, formative evaluation, and
Implement: Put the plan into action
Evaluate: Evaluate the plan from all levels for next
From the QM point of view…
Course Overview and Introduction
Learning Objectives (Competencies)
Assessment and Measurement
Learner Interaction and Engagement
An online course with QM
Dr. Cheryl Ward/ Introduction to Instructional Technology/ University of Akron
Those all-important objectives…
Part of the organization of any course and any lesson is the
They make sure that everyone knows where they are heading
They make sure that everyone can tell if they have arrived… or
Objectives – unsurprisingly – were discussed during the eMerge
conference I attended on 13 March.
Finding Your Inner Learning
Objectives: E. (Litsa) Varonis
Course description: “tells you something about the content and procedures of a
course (Mager, 1984, p.11)
- Course objectives: describe “a desired outcome of a course” (Mager, 1984,
p.11) and focus on broad skills students are expected to achieve (think of listing
on a résumé)
- Module objectives: the small steps that students take to achieve the larger
Objectives must be measurable and specific and are the foundation for the
whole of the rest of the course. This is very clear in the Quality Matters
program where the course and module objectives must feed into one another
Types of objective:
Four domains of objectives:
Heinrich et al and the ABCD model. These are things that you
should be able to identify and label (although the last three are not
always ALL present)
Behaviors (performance – described with a verb!)
Conditions (for the performance)
Degree of mastery (criteria – speed/accuracy/quality etc)
Problem of learning objectives not being expressed -– they are
A gap between internalized objectives of the instructor and
those expressed to the students.
Thinking clearly about objectives helps the articulation of the
How do students interact in online
Again, discussed at eMerge
Particularly important for us as language teachers because
students need to be producing language in our courses
The Many Facets of Online
Discussion: Dr. Jill Phipps (UofA)
Discussions provide a place where messages can be posted to
the whole class.
The discussion is asynchronous
Can be used in many different ways:
- follow-up to information presented.
- like a journal… no binders/bad handwriting!
- Post questions and work if class is cancelled
- Social gathering place (virtual Coffee Shop)
- Build a course resource library
- Students post opinions about a reading
- Can lead to thought-provoking discussions
- Scenarios/role plays
- Group activities
- Jigsaw strategy where each student brings different piece of
the puzzle to the discussion
- Peer reviews
- Student to student/ student to facilitator/ student to content
Presentation included discussion on how to make different
prompts using Blooms taxonomy
Analysis : e.g. illustrate
Application : e.g. predict
Knowledge / Factual e.g. recall
New way of looking at Bloom..
And thinking about it in digital
Andrew Churches - http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/Bloom%27s+-+Introduction
+ To summarize – We’re in a period of
Disruptive innovation : the process by which a sector that has
previously served only a limited few because its products and
services were complicated, expensive, and inaccessible, is
transformed into one whose products and services are simple,
affordable, and convenient and serves many no matter their
wealth or expertise
- a technology enabler
- a business model innovation
… which leaves us feeling challenged and even attacked…
Keynote speaker: Brenda Boyd
(Quality Matters Director of Professional Development & Consulting)
So, how does learning theory deal with all this? Where are we
heading in education?
Connectivismis a “learning theory for the digital age” (…)
Connectivism theory views knowledge as a social function residing
in a “diversity of opinions” rather than as something which can be
held completely in the mind of a single individual. Knowledge
results from the interactions between individual learners and their
personal and organizational networks. (Siemens, 2004)
My perspective: Education has to embrace a number of
approaches. Behaviorism has a place … still… constructivism has
a place…. still…. Connectivism can enrich and not replace!
Build your network… and help
students build theirs
Image by Paul Butler 2010
Image by Paul Butler 2010 https://www.facebook.com/notes/facebook-engineering/visualizing-friendships/469716398919