Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

India - Decade Of Innovations Roadmap


Published on

A great roadmap presentation by the National Innovation Council, India on vision,strategies, collaboration and lessons learnt

  • Be the first to comment

India - Decade Of Innovations Roadmap

  1. 1. INDIA DECADE OF INNOVATIONS 2010-2020 ROADMAP October 2010
  3. 3. INNOVATION DEFINED <ul><li>Involves thinking differently, creatively and insightfully </li></ul><ul><li>Enables solutions/ inventions that have an impact on social and economic value </li></ul><ul><li>Fulfills unmet needs, not met by conventional products/processes/ institutional forms </li></ul><ul><li>Moving beyond R&D to mean new applications of old technologies, new processes & structures, organisational creativity & more… </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Products </li></ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><li>Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Social sector </li></ul><ul><li>Urban/Rural </li></ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul><ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><li>International </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sector/ NGO </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul><ul><li>Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Big/ Small </li></ul>Innovations redefine everything INNOVATION DEFINED
  5. 5. INNOVATIONS <ul><li>People, Culture, Diversity, Ecosystem & Opportunities drive Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations are required to develop new Products, Services, Markets, reduce Costs, improve Efficiency, Productivity, Performance, Quality, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations are the key to Growth, Prosperity & Problem solving world over </li></ul>
  7. 7. WEB ADDS NEW DIMENSION <ul><li>Web/Internet offers unprecedented opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Related to openness, accessibility, networking </li></ul><ul><li>connectivity, democratization, decentralization </li></ul><ul><li>Power of 1 billion connected people vs. 1 billion unconnected people </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless adds Mobility & Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Web provides Video presence & Virtual reality </li></ul><ul><li>Search engines, OSP, OCW, Vlabs, etc. are new tools </li></ul><ul><li>to train & engage the young </li></ul>
  9. 9. LAST 50 YEARS OF INNOVATIONS <ul><li>In the last 50 years Innovations have played a significant role in improving: </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Education, Transport, Communication, </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure, Energy, Governance, Wealth.. </li></ul><ul><li>At the same time there are serious global challenges related to: Poverty, Hunger, Environment, Violence, War, Security, etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE US INNOVATIONS PARADIGM <ul><li>In the last 50 years several major scalable innovations originated in the US: </li></ul><ul><li>Transistor, Laser, Fiber optics, Micro Processor, Windows, DNA, Genetics… </li></ul><ul><li>US provided the ecosystem to breed ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large talent pool, Young diverse talent, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk capital, Government Funding, Autonomy, Markets, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility, Rule of law, IP framework etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Silicon Valley has been the source of many innovations </li></ul>
  11. 11. INNOVATIONS FOR THE RICH <ul><li>Most breakthrough innovations have roots in defense & related funding </li></ul><ul><li>Best brains in the world are busy solving problems of the rich who do not have problems to solve </li></ul><ul><li>As a result complex problems of the poor do not get the right talent </li></ul><ul><li>It is time to change this paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>It is also an opportunity for creating an “ Indian model of Development ” </li></ul>
  12. 12. INNOVATIONS IN INDIA <ul><li>Indian diversity has been a fertile ground for Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>India has a Long & Rich History & Heritage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invention of Zero and Decimal system, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home to one of the three ancient civilisations (Indus Valley Civilisation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place of origin of Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pioneering Universities like Nalanda and Takshshila, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architectural and Engineering Marvels such the Iron Pillar in Delhi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temples, Taj Mahal, Qutab Minar, works such as Arthshastra, Rigveda, Upanishads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Knowledge Systems in Medicine, Mathematics, Astronomy, Dance, Music, etc… </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. INNOVATIONS IN INDIA <ul><li>After independence in 1947 Indian innovations have facilitated Agriculture Revolution, Milk Revolution, Telecom growth, ICT Export, Space exploration, Atomic Energy, Defense, Pharma, Biotech, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Government has invested a great deal in building institutions & Infrastructures to facilitate innovations. </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneously appropriate policies & programmes have been introduced to help foster innovations </li></ul>
  14. 14. CURRENT EFFORTS <ul><li>Many players on Multiple fronts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Innovation Foundation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honey Bee Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable Technologies and Institutions (SRISTI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council for Scientific & Industrial Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tata Institute of Fundamental Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education Institutions like IISc, IITs, IIMs, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology and Business Incubators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Science and Technology (DST) and more …. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. CURRENT EFFORTS <ul><ul><li>Techno Entrepreneurs Promotion Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Development Board (TDB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Grown Technology Program (HGT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AYUSH: Ayurveda Yoga Naturopathy Unani Siddha and Homeopathy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GIAN: Grassroots Innovation Augmentation Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FRLHT: Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TERI: The Energy and Research Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CII,FICCI, AIMA and others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And many more at national & state levels in Government & private sector </li></ul>
  16. 16. SOME CHALLENGES <ul><li>The researchers in R&D per million people in 2006: </li></ul><ul><li>India (119), China (715), South Korea (3723), US (4628) and Japan (5300) </li></ul><ul><li>R&D expenditure - 0.8 per cent of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Education , skill & infrastructure need new investments </li></ul><ul><li>Need more productivity from the existing institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Linkages between academia, research and industry need to be Strengthened </li></ul><ul><li>Innovations in Design need to be expedited: India’s output in new designs 39 vs. 53,000 in China in 2002 </li></ul>
  17. 17. CHALLENGES: SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>India Ranked 119 of 149 countries in the 2004 Science Citation Index </li></ul><ul><li>India produces only 6,000 PhDs a year in science and 1,000 in engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 20 % of public support for R&D is for civilian applications </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Institute of Technology was granted 3-6 patents a year compared with 64 for the Stanford and 102 for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (McKinsey) </li></ul><ul><li>According to WIPO statistics (2009) India was granted 7,539 patents while the equivalent number for Japan was 1,64,954, the US was 1,57,283, the Republic of Korea was 1,23,705, and China was 67,948 </li></ul><ul><li>In 2006, India had 119 researchers in R&D per million people, while China had 715, South Korea had 3723, US had 4628 and Japan had 5300 </li></ul>
  19. 19. SOME OPPORTUNITIES <ul><li>Organisational flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Increased collaborations </li></ul><ul><li>Patent protection </li></ul><ul><li>Young talent pool </li></ul><ul><li>Diaspora talent pool </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional knowledge based Products & Services </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost robust Broadband ICT infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots/low cost innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive/BOP/Scalable innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Global markets </li></ul>
  20. 20. OPPORTUNITIES IN ICT <ul><li>ICT has been a major success story for India </li></ul><ul><li>India leads the world in the Out sourcing business </li></ul><ul><li>IT-BPO industry revenue is around US $ 7o billion/Yr </li></ul><ul><li>India has around 500 million phones now & is projected to have over 750 million in 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>India has only 7 million broadband connections & needs 100 million </li></ul><ul><li>The next ICT benefits will come from Broadband, </li></ul><ul><li>Government, applications & public delivery systems </li></ul>
  21. 21. ICT: TELECOM
  22. 22. INCLUSIVE INNOVATION: THE INDIAN MODEL <ul><li>Innovation paradigm to focus on inclusive innovation for/of & by the people at the BoP </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on ‘frugal innovation’ that produces products and services that are affordable by more people at low levels of income, without compromising quality </li></ul><ul><li>Need innovation processes that are ‘frugal’ in terms of the resources required & have a ‘frugal’ impact on the earth’s resources </li></ul>
  23. 23. FROM ‘JUGAAD’ TO FRUGAL ENGINEERING <ul><li>Existing culture of improvisational innovation or ‘jugaad’ driven by scarce resources & customers’ needs </li></ul><ul><li>Informal improvisation needs to be scaled up to a system based on frugal engineering geared towards Indian needs </li></ul><ul><li>Would drive disruptive innovations in sectors such as health, education, housing etc. to meet the needs of many. For example the $2000 Tata Nano or the $2000 open-heart surgery at Narayana Hrudayalaya </li></ul>
  24. 24. STRATEGY
  26. 26. STRATEGY <ul><li>Provide broader PLATFORM for Innovations everywhere to include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisations & Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science & Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social and Cultural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mindset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National/ State/ Sectoral Councils </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. STRATEGY <ul><li>Encourage Innovations for INCLUSION aimed at the Bottom Of the Pyramid: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pervasive Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovations for/by the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovations for the BOP </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. STRATEGY <ul><li>Foster necessary ECO SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives & Awards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation clusters at universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovative business clusters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation in MSMEs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational Autonomy & Flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policies & Programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk/ Venture Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPR/ Patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web & ICT as tools </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. STRATEGY <ul><li>Focus on DRIVERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multidisciplinary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disruptive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generational Change vs. Incremental Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Durable vs. Disposable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need vs. Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature as Nurture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locally Relevant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Globally Connected and Competitive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus at the Edge </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. STRATEGY <ul><li>Expand Space for Discourse on Innovation in the country by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seminars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best Practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subversive Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irreverent Dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation Portal </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. STRATEGY: IMPACT <ul><li>The five-pronged focus will foster innovations by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratising Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying and empowering domain experts at National, State & District levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring institutional autonomy, freedom, flexibility, accountability and transparency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing community and public participation at all levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving Governance & Planning </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Disparity - Rich & Poor - Urban & rural - Educated & Uneducated Demography - 550 million below 25 years - Health, Nutrition - Education, Jobs Development - Expedite the process & create new methods & new models
  33. 33. MULTIPLE DEMANDS <ul><li>Female literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Water & Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Food & Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Health for all </li></ul><ul><li>Education for all </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate energy </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts & Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Security & Safety </li></ul>
  34. 34. MULTIPLE DEMANDS <ul><li>Scientific Temper </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Improved services </li></ul><ul><li>Better Governance </li></ul><ul><li>District level Development </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Dignity of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Process Re-engineering… </li></ul><ul><li>And More….. </li></ul>
  35. 35. ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>Technology as a tool for problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Technology an entry point to increase </li></ul>ROLE OF TECHNOLOGY
  37. 37. ROLE OF GOVERNMENT <ul><li>Government can: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive innovation through education policy and skill development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve governance and re-engineer public service delivery by innovating within its own structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a roadmap for Inclusive Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate connections between universities, manufacturers, users and regulators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive high quality research, basic research & Business Innovations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring appropriate Defense research to consumer market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote Innovative Policies & Places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide appropriate infrastructures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate exchange of innovations between public and private sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate Nation wide innovation movement </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. SOME INNOVATIVE INITIATIVES BY GOVERNMENT Need improved processes, coordination, collaboration, communication & implementation
  40. 40. NEW INITIATIVES <ul><li>National Knowledge Network </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Panchayats </li></ul><ul><li>Judiciary </li></ul><ul><li>E-Office </li></ul><ul><li>Railways </li></ul><ul><li>E-Governance </li></ul><ul><li>National Advisory Council </li></ul><ul><li>Others </li></ul>
  41. 41. NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE NETWORK <ul><li>Government building IP Network with gigabit capabilities to connect 1500 plus nodes across the country for Education and Research to expand, excel & collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>All universities will be included in this </li></ul><ul><li>First phase of NKN is operational with 2.5 gigabits for </li></ul><ul><li>57 institutions, 43 virtual classrooms, 95 crores allocated </li></ul><ul><li>In Final phase 550 institutions to be connected by March 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>NKN to consolidate multiple networks in the country </li></ul><ul><li>NKN to provide new virtual network facilities </li></ul><ul><li>NKN to be the backbone for the Education, health, Research and multiple applications for the future </li></ul>
  42. 42. EDUCATION <ul><li>Expansion, Excellence, Equity & Access </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Council for Regulatory Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>National Mission on Vocational Education </li></ul><ul><li>More IITs, IIMs, Colleges, Schools & investments </li></ul><ul><li>16 New National Universities & Multidisciplinary Ed </li></ul><ul><li>14 New Innovation Universities </li></ul><ul><li>More students in Maths ,Science &PhD </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning & Technology in Education </li></ul><ul><li>Open course ware , Corse wise credit, New models </li></ul><ul><li>Private & Foreign partnerships </li></ul>
  43. 43. HEALTH <ul><li>Rural Health Mission </li></ul><ul><li>National Health Portal </li></ul><ul><li>Health Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>National Health Information Network & vault to connect all health institutions and care centres </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Health Record </li></ul><ul><li>Nationwide Emergency Medical Services </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health/PHC & Traditional Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Low cost – medicine, facilities & care </li></ul><ul><li>Research in Health Systems ,Biotech, Genetics, etc </li></ul>
  44. 44. PANCHAYATS <ul><li>To facilitate inclusive growth for ‘ Aam Aadmi ’ devolve greater power & autonomy to panchayats for selection, approvals and execution of social sector schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Connect 250,000 Panchayats to National Broadband Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Create Information Infrastructure at Panchayat level for capacity building, productivity, efficiency, transparency, training, social audit, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Improve processes and procedures to reflect local needs & decentralization </li></ul>
  45. 45. E-LEGAL <ul><li>Use ICT to reduce time to justice from 15 years to 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Create National Arrears Grid/ database </li></ul><ul><li>Identify & solve current lags & bottlenecks </li></ul><ul><li>Reengineer legal/ Judiciary processes </li></ul><ul><li>Define new policies and procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Human Resource development </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Infrastructure to enhance efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage ICT technology & tools </li></ul>
  46. 46. E-OFFICE <ul><li>Under the aegis of the Department of IT, the National Informatics Centre has designed a e-office software to replace paper files in the Government of India with a virtual filing system. </li></ul><ul><li>For smooth transition the software has been created with a user friendly design interface </li></ul><ul><li>This innovative system will create paperless government, efficiency and transparency in the system </li></ul><ul><li>The project is currently at the pilot stage in certain Government departments </li></ul>
  47. 47. RAILWAYS <ul><li>Implement real time System to monitor Train Schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Implement Modern Electronic Signaling System </li></ul><ul><li>Implement real time Freight Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Provide paperless ticketing & incentives on Mobile Phones </li></ul><ul><li>Use Railways’ Fiber (OFN) to connect 50K to 70K Panchayats & Consumers to Broadband functionalities </li></ul><ul><li>Launch dedicated TV channel & Satellite </li></ul><ul><li>Launch program to modernize Toilet Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Public Private Partnership to Modernize Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Health delivery and Diagnostic centers at Stations </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Vocational Education facilities at stations </li></ul>
  48. 48. E-GOVERNANCE <ul><li>Enhance Access & Quality of Public services </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Transaction time & cost </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Reengineer Government processes </li></ul><ul><li>Standardize Platforms for service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Use Web to scale, secure & minimize data centers </li></ul><ul><li>Link UID to public services </li></ul><ul><li>Implement e-office for paperless files & documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Empower all citizens </li></ul>
  50. 50. UK INNOVATIONS <ul><li>Central organization to coordinate innovation strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Education Innovation Fund for knowledge transfer from HE to business and public sector </li></ul><ul><li>National Skills Academy in crucial sectors of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) to deliver tailored business support products at a regional level </li></ul><ul><li>UK Government’s Venture Capital Fund of 150 million pounds ($246 million) to kick start British technology investment and the ailing business sector </li></ul><ul><li>The Public Service Innovation Laboratory -NESTA to form the centre of an open and collaborative approach to develop the radical innovations that will transform public services </li></ul>
  51. 51. LESSONS FROM UK <ul><li>Strategy driven by the Department of Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) </li></ul><ul><li>Other strategic organisations driving innovation and coordinating government effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology Strategy Board (TSB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Development Agencies (RDA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devolved Administrations (DAs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK Intellectual Property Office (UK-IPO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Technologies Institute (ETI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts (NESTA) </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. US INNOVATIONS <ul><li>Bayh Dole Act 1980 allowed universities to patent innovations that grew out of government-funded basic research </li></ul><ul><li>Small Business Innovation Development Act in 1982—established the rule for federal agencies to commit 2.5 percent of their extramural research budgets to the Small Business Innovation Research program </li></ul><ul><li>Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is tasked with maintaining U.S. technological superiority, and has a history of creating new industries in information technology and advanced manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Three key science agencies coordinate S&T and innovation: the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy's Office of Science, and the National Institutes of Standards and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>New Innovation Strategy underlined in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) </li></ul><ul><li>In the Recovery Act the President has committed over $100 billion to support groundbreaking innovation with investments in energy, basic research, education and training, infrastructure, advanced vehicle technology, innovative programs, health IT and health research, high speed rail, smart grid, and information technology . </li></ul>
  53. 53. LESSONS FROM US <ul><li>Patent Reform and Legal Framework </li></ul><ul><li>R&D Funding: Government aims to invest 18.3 billion in research funding, the largest annual increase in research and development in America’s history </li></ul><ul><li>Education and Skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment of $200 billion over the next decade for scholarships and tax credits to help students complete college </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the $4 billion Race to the Top in America’s Schools fund to encourage states to put STEM at the center of their reform efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed investment of up to $500 million over the next 10 years to create world-class online courses available at community colleges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creation of Regional innovation Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>White House Office of Social Innovation and Civic Participation to grow the marketplace for community innovations </li></ul><ul><li>First Social Innovation Fund to identify results-oriented non-profit programs and provide the capital needed to replicate their success in communities </li></ul><ul><li>The Recovery Act provides over $19 billion in investments to modernize health information technology </li></ul><ul><li>Support for SMEs & Defense innovations </li></ul>
  54. 54. CHINA INNOVATIONS <ul><li>China’s National Medium- and Long-Term Science and Development Plan (MLP) 2006-2020 aims to make it an innovation nation and create a National Innovation System </li></ul><ul><li>The Plan aims to raise the ratio of R&D to GDP to 2% by 2010 and to 2.5% or more by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>The plan calls for China’s overall reliance on foreign technology to “decline below 30 percent” from an estimated 60 percent in 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>The MLP also directs that the number of patents and leading academic papers from Chinese nationals will rank among the top five in the world by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Drivers: Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, State Council and NDRC (National Development and Reform Commission) departments, National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), Chinese Academy of Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Key Players: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Research Institutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Sector </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. LESSONS FROM CHINA <ul><li>R&D spending has increased at a stunning annual rate of almost 19% since 1995 and reached USD 30 billion in 2005, the sixth largest worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Government funding for government research institutes and the higher education sector to support basic and applied research has driven innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Higher Education sector in establishing academia-industry linkages </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Business sector as largest R&D performer in terms of inputs, outputs and patent applications </li></ul><ul><li>Government to focus on building up innovation capability and creating more IPR on the basis of extensive utilization of resources worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Technological support and tax incentives to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) </li></ul><ul><li>Move towards Indigenous Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Markets to facilitate Industry-Science relationship. These are physical entities set up to facilitate technology transactions between sellers and buyers of technology and technological services </li></ul>
  56. 56. CHINA INDIGENOUS INNOVATION <ul><li>MLP defined indigenous innovation as ‘enhancing original innovation through co-innovation and re-innovation based on the assimilation of imported technologies’ </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on replacing foreign technology in such “core infrastructure” as banking and telecommunications systems. That means products like integrated circuits, operating software, switches and routers, database management and encryption systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Patent rules now make it easier for domestic retaliation by Chinese companies which face overseas Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) lawsuits from foreign competitors; incentivise filing of patents by Chinese companies </li></ul><ul><li>Product testing and approval regimes are geared to delay the introduction of foreign imports into China, and to study foreign designs and production processes before the products cross the border </li></ul><ul><li>A refocus on state-industry monopolies and controlled competition privileges accompanied the enactment of an anti-monopoly law that aims to protect domestic companies </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential Government procurement policies and industrial and technology standards serve to promote products designed and produced in China </li></ul>
  57. 57. CHINA INDIGENOUS INNOVATION <ul><li>MLP detailed preferences for domestic goods and service providers. </li></ul><ul><li>A September 2006 tax bureau “Circular on Preferential Tax Policies for Innovation Enterprises” offered two year exemption of enterprise income tax. </li></ul><ul><li>The December 2006 “Administrative Measures on the Accreditation of National Indigenous Innovation Products” outlined the plans for creating national indigenous innovation product catalogues </li></ul><ul><li>The May 2007 “Measures for Administration of Government Procurement Budgets for Indigenous Innovation Products” warned government at all levels to develop specific indigenous innovation procurement plans or they would lose procurement funds. </li></ul><ul><li>In May 2007, “Measures for Assessment of Government Procurement of Indigenous Innovation Products” lowered government procurement supplier qualification standards for companies doing indigenous innovation. </li></ul>
  58. 58. CHINA INDIGENOUS INNOVATION <ul><li>In December 2007, MOF issued “Measures for the Administration of Government Procurement of Imported Products” which directed that approval by a board of experts is necessary for government entities to purchase imported goods. It called for favouring foreign suppliers that provide the domestic industry with technology transfers and training services. </li></ul><ul><li>A January 2008 “Enterprise Income Tax Law” offered a preferential rate of 15 percent to high-tech enterprises designated by the government as indigenous innovation companies because they developed and owned their intellectual property. </li></ul><ul><li>On November 15, 2009 with the release of the public draft of the “Circular on Carrying Out the Work on Accreditation of National Indigenous Innovation Products,” known as Circular 618, MOST, the NDRC and MOF issued the joint circular announcing the creation of a new national-level catalogue of products that will receive preferential treatment in government procurement. </li></ul>
  59. 59. LESSONS FROM ISRAEL <ul><li>Eco-system for innovation created through government policies, private initiative & start up culture </li></ul><ul><li>Government push for developing the domestic venture capital industry through schemes such as Yozma </li></ul><ul><li>High level of investment in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Room for failure </li></ul>
  61. 61. GLOBAL LESSONS <ul><li>In 2003, the world’s largest companies spent $70.6 billion in R&D outside their home countries, up from $33.9 billion in 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Around 2.5 million students were studying outside their home country in 2004, up from 1.75 million in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Global Exchanges develop “Absorptive capacities” which help places channel global flows into their local economies and become even more connected to the global economy in return </li></ul><ul><li>New hotspots of innovation being created beyond the US and Europe: Sao Paolo in Brazil, Shanghai in China and Bangalore in India </li></ul><ul><li>Global research and faculty linkages: UK-India Science and Innovation Council; UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI), US-India Business Council, proposed US-India Education Council </li></ul><ul><li>Global Research and Innovation Forum for coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Global Grassroots Innovation Platforms </li></ul>
  63. 63.
  64. 64. 1. INNOVATION COUNCILS <ul><li>To help Implement National Strategy & Prepare Roadmap for the Decade 2010-2020: </li></ul>
  65. 65. NATIONAL INNOVATION COUNCIL ( NInC ) <ul><li>Formulate a Roadmap for Innovation for 2010-2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Create a Framework for: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving an Indian model of innovation with focus on inclusive growth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delineating policy initiatives within the Government, required to spur innovation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing and championing innovation attitudes and approaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creating appropriate eco-systems and environment to foster inclusive innovation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring new strategies and alternatives for innovations & collaborations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying ways and means to scale and sustain innovations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging Central and State Governments to innovate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging universities and R&D institutions to innovate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating innovations by SMEs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging all important sectors of the economy to innovate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging innovation in public service delivery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging multidisciplinary and globally competitive approaches for innovations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>P romote setting up of State and Sector Innovation Councils to help implement strategies for innovation in states and specific sectors </li></ul>
  66. 66. NInC: LIST OF MEMBERS <ul><li>Shri Sam Pitroda, Adviser to the Prime Minister, PIII </li></ul><ul><li>Shri Arun Maira, Member, Planning Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. K. Kasturirangan, Member, Planning Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Ramesh Mashelkar, Former DG, CSIR </li></ul><ul><li>Shri Kiran Karnik, former President, NASSCOM </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty, Founder, Narayana Hrudayalaya </li></ul><ul><li>Shri R. Gopalakrishnan, Executive Director, Tata Sons </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, Chairman and MD, Biocon </li></ul><ul><li>Shri Shekhar Kapur, Film Director and Producer </li></ul><ul><li>Shri Saurabh Srivastava, Chairman, CA Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Anil K. Gupta, Executive Vice Chair, National Innovation Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Sujatha Ramadorai, Professor, TIFR </li></ul><ul><li>Shri Chandrajit Banerjee, Director General, Cll </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Amit Mitra, Secretary General, FICCI </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Samir Brahmachari, DG, CSIR </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Sanjay Dhande, Director, IIT Kanpur </li></ul><ul><li>Shri R. Gopalakrishnan, Additional Secretary, PMO (Member-Secretary) </li></ul>
  67. 67.
  68. 68. STATE INNOVATION COUNCILS <ul><li>SICs will do at the State level mostly what NInC will do at the national level </li></ul><ul><li>Support the State Government to innovate </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage local Universities, Colleges, MSMEs, R&D Institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Provide SWOT analysis of the Innovation in the State </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, Promote and Reward talent & disseminate success stories </li></ul><ul><li>Organize seminars, lectures, workshops on innovation to educate </li></ul><ul><li>Help build Innovation Eco-Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Organise Risk capital </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare Innovation Roadmaps 2010-2020 for the State </li></ul>
  69. 69. SECTORAL INNOVATION COUNCILS <ul><li>Focus on Innovations in a specific sector </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with the Ministry and the Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Provide SWOT analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor Globally Competitive landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Identify, reward and promote talent & disseminate success stories </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate with Universities and R&D labs </li></ul><ul><li>Help build Innovation Eco system in the sector </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare & help Implement Innovation Roadmaps </li></ul><ul><li>2010-2020 for the sector in the country </li></ul>
  70. 70. PROPOSED AREAS: SECTORAL INNOVATION COUNCILS <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul><ul><li>ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Service Delivery (Govt, NGO, Private) </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Industries/Entertainment/Media </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Development </li></ul>
  71. 71. PROPOSED AREAS: SECTORAL INNOVATION COUNCILS <ul><li>Biotech </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotech </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul><ul><li>Robotics and AI </li></ul><ul><li>GIS </li></ul><ul><li>Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Automobile </li></ul><ul><li>Gems and Jewellery </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Agro Foods </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism & Hospitality </li></ul><ul><li>Transport (Aviation, Railways, Water, Road) </li></ul><ul><li>Defence </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Testing, Certification and Assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Patents and Commercialisation of innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Exports </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>North East </li></ul>
  72. 72. ‘ INNOVATION SANDBOX’ <ul><li>Create Innovation Sandbox for each sector with core team and key strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Sandbox to create parameters for innovation in each sector </li></ul><ul><li>To provide framework of functioning and standards for scalability </li></ul>
  73. 73. 2. NATIONAL INNOVATION PORTAL <ul><li>Information related to innovations and innovators in a single repository for prospective innovators and policy makers </li></ul><ul><li>Platform for idea exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Platform for fostering industry-academia partnerships, and national and global collaborations </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of information on innovations across sectors and in states </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach medium to publicise and announce Awards and Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Similar portals on core sectors such as water, energy, environment, biodiversity have been successfully facilitated by the National Knowledge Commission </li></ul>
  74. 74.
  75. 75. 3. INNOVATION ECO-SYSTEM <ul><li>Innovation is the result of a complex interplay of dynamics among various players such as </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools/ Education and Research Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual Innovators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customers/users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs / Civil Society/ Grassroots organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policies and activities in these domains, as well as the interaction among these players influence the innovation eco-system </li></ul><ul><li>NInC can act as a catalyst for stimulating the innovation eco-system by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowering people to innovate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing Policy Direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying knowledge/ innovation flows and gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing a collaborative platform for existing innovators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying innovation to address social and development challenges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulating innovation at National/ State and Sectoral levels </li></ul></ul>
  76. 76. 4. INCLUSIVE INNOVATION FUND <ul><li>Establish an autonomous Rs. 5000 crore (US $1 Billion) Inclusive Innovation Fund </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage commercialisation efforts for generating inclusive growth </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage VCs and angel investors for designing solutions for BoP with a focus on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihood opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills and sustainable services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To be structured as a ‘Fund of Funds’ with seed capital from Government and built up by investment from private/public sector enterprises, banks, FIIs, HNIs and overseas investors </li></ul><ul><li>Will primarily operate as a fund of funds, investing in intermediate funds / institutions which will make the end investment in the chosen areas and also invest directly in ventures </li></ul><ul><li>To be based on a PPP model, structured to achieve a 10 to 20 fold multiplier on government investment </li></ul>
  77. 77. The Inclusive Innovation Fund Model Venture B
  78. 78. 5. INNOVATION CLUSTERS <ul><li>Driving the innovation agenda nationally would require strengthening regional capacity for innovation </li></ul><ul><li>It is proposed to identify 20 innovation clusters across the country to develop and support innovation, especially inclusive innovation </li></ul><ul><li>These will enable interconnections between intellectual, financial, human and creative capital as well as unleash latent potential </li></ul><ul><li>This requires an Innovation Roadmap that focuses federal and state, public and private funding on creating and sustaining regional anchors throughout the innovation economy </li></ul>
  79. 79. 6. INNOVATION CENTRES IN UNIVERSITIES <ul><li>Industry-academia linkages are critical for a thriving innovation eco-system </li></ul><ul><li>To enable this NInC will identify and facilitate the development of 20 innovation hubs at Universities in India </li></ul><ul><li>The idea would be to go beyond IITs and established institutions </li></ul><ul><li>This would spur the young innovators in the country </li></ul>
  80. 80. 7. COLLABORATION, TRAINING & RESEARCH <ul><li>Fostering a culture of innovations requires mechanisms for collaboration, training and research </li></ul><ul><li>The Councils will bring key stakeholders together to analyse problems and recommend solutions </li></ul><ul><li>The clusters – physical and virtual – will create support systems and infrastructure for innovators </li></ul><ul><li>The Innovation Fund would provide the right resources and incentives </li></ul><ul><li>The Innovation Portal would provide a platform for collaboration, sharing and support by creating right synergies </li></ul><ul><li>These linkages, knowledge exchanges and support mechanisms in the system will enable ideas to be transformed into innovative outputs </li></ul>
  81. 81. 8. MULTIPLE ROADMAPS <ul><li>The core ideas, strategies and recommendations devised at the national, state and sectoral levels will be crystalised in the form of Roadmaps </li></ul><ul><li>These will provide action points and policy inputs to the government for innovation focused on inclusive growth at the National level , State levels and in each identified domain and sector </li></ul><ul><li>These roadmaps will be created at the national level by the National Innovation Council, at the state level by the State councils and in each sector by the Sectoral Councils or sub groups identified by the Sectoral Councils </li></ul>
  82. 82. 9. OUTREACH <ul><li>National Innovation Portal </li></ul><ul><li>Papers, Reports, Books, DVDs </li></ul><ul><li>Conferences, Seminars, Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>University, College, Business Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Funds & Venture capital </li></ul><ul><li>Awards & Competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with Industry Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Public Broadcasting Platforms: DD radio/TV </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks/ Mobile/Web…… </li></ul>
  83. 83. 10. INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIONS <ul><li>NInC will develop platforms for collaboration and engagement with other countries to understand their views, ideas and strategies for strengthening the innovation eco-system </li></ul><ul><li>These cross-cultural exchanges will stimulate and add value to our views on innovation </li></ul><ul><li>These collaborations could be in the form of inter-ministerial exchanges, bilateral exchange forums or through facilitating linkages at the grassroots level. </li></ul>
  84. 84. CONSULTATIONS <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political Parties </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of S&T </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science Advisory Council to the PM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HRD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Information and Communications Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Health and Family Welfare </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Railways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Law and Justice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NIC </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planning Commission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PMO </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State Governments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Professionals </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Science Community and associations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Industry Associations – CII, FICCI, AIMA, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Think Tanks and Innovation Organizations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multilateral Agencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional/ National/ International Consultations </li></ul>
  85. 85. UNIQUE WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY <ul><li>Redefine Innovation Paradigm beyond R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Inclusive Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Create innovation roadmaps across sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Create necessary ecosystem, talent & funding </li></ul><ul><li>Use ICT/Web as entry point for delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Build scalable and sustainable Indian model </li></ul>
  86. 86. WAY FORWARD: NInC <ul><li>Focus on implementation of key initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on identifying the learning agenda of the Council </li></ul><ul><li>Outline modalities of proposed Inclusive Innovation Fund </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fund to be a platform for garnering innovative ideas from the public and for proposing innovation challenges for the country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outline concept of a Reality show for promoting innovation in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Delineate a strategy for instituting innovation awards and competitions </li></ul><ul><li>Popularising the National Innovation Portal ( ) </li></ul>
  87. 87. THANK YOU