Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Non con


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Non con

  1. 1. The prospecTs of non-convenTional energy resources by Debjoy Bhattacharya
  2. 2. Classification of Energy Resources
  3. 3. Based on long term availability:• a)Non renewable• b)Renewable
  4. 4. Based on traditional use:• a) Conventional• b) Non-conventional
  5. 5. Advantages and disadvantagesof conventional energy sources• Advantages • Disadvantages• i. Security • i. Increasing cost• ii. Convenience • ii. Fossil fuel generates pollutants • iii. Safety of nuclear • iv. Hydroelectric plants
  6. 6. Advantages and disadvantages of non-conventional energy sources• Advantages • Disadvantages• i. Available in nature • i. High cost of• ii. Free of cost harnessing energy• iii. Inexhaustible • ii. Uncertainty of• iv. Little pollution availability• • iii. Difficulty in v. Low gestation transporting period
  7. 7. Table: Power densities in various energy sources Power density in kw/m2Energy sourcesNon Conventional:1.Wave <1002.Wind <33.Solar <0.24.Tidal <.0025.Biomass production <.00026.Geothermal heat <.00006Conventional:1.Hot plate 1002.Coal(1 cm thickness) 5003.Power cable(1sq m of surface area of 1000 cable)
  8. 8. Electrical Power Generation: Percentage shareResourceThermal (coal & gas) 68.8%Hydro 24%Nuclear 2.7%Non-Conventional 4.5%
  9. 9. Present situation and future trend• a) Conventional resources• i) Fossil fuels• ii) Hydro resources• iii) Nuclear resources
  10. 10. b) Non-conventional resources• i) Solar energy• ii) Wind energy• iii) Biomass energy• iv) Hydro eneregy• v) Tidal & Ocean energy
  11. 11. i) Solar energy
  12. 12. ii) Wind energy
  13. 13. iii) Biomass energy
  14. 14. iv) Hydro Energy
  15. 15. v) Tidal & Ocean energy
  16. 16. Energy source estimated potentialSolar Energy 20 MW / sq. kmWind Energy 20,000 MWSmall Hydro 10,000 MWOcean Thermal Power 50,000 MWSea Wave Power 20,000 MWTidal Power 10,000 MWBio energy 17,000 MWDraught Animal Power 30,000 MWEnergy from MSW 1,000 MWBiogas Plants 12 Million PlantsImproved Wood BurningStoves 120 Million StovesBagasse-basedcogeneration 3500 MW
  17. 17. Current status of various non conventional sources in India:-S.N Resource Potential Developedo.A. Grid connected systems1. Wind 45000 MW 2483 MW2. Small/mini/micro hydro 15000 MW 1603 MW3. Biomass electric power 19500 MW 613 MW4. Biomass waste 1700 MW 41.5 MW5. Solar PV systems 20 MW/sq km 2.54 MW grid connectedB. Decentralized systems1. Biogas plants 120 lakh 36.5 lakh plants2. Biomass gasifier 58MW3. Community/Institutional/Night soil based 3,902 Plants biogas plants4. Improved Chulha 1,200 lakh 339 lakhs5. Solar home lighting system 3,07,763 Number6. Solar street lighting system 52,102 Number7. Solar lanterns 4.42 lakhs8. SPV pumps 6,414 Number9. SPV stand alone systems 1,791 kw10. Solar water heating systems 1,400 lakh sq m 8 lakhs sq m collector collector area area
  18. 18. Importance of Non-Conventional Energy sources
  19. 19. THANK YOU