Suicide In Middle Age


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  • Suicide committed during middle age is not well understood. There is a preponderance of evidence that suggests that suicide is typically an adolescent or elderly phenomenon. Much research indicates that although there are multiple contributing factors for suicide in the general population, what leads a person to commit suicide is usually an emotional one
  • Of the motivations considered in this paper i.e. Genetics, Gender, Identity, Age, Loss, Mental Illness, Substance Abuse and Glory, research tends to group Gender, Identity, Substance Abuse with the adolescent age group and Genetics, Loss, and Mental Illness with the elderly. Although there are sometimes exceptions to the rule, these associations make sense because of the vulnerability of the adolescent years and the emotional, physical and biological losses which occur in later adulthood.
  • Despite the fact that family genetic studies play an important role in the understanding of suicide, psychological risk factors have been given much more attention.Although mental illness and substance abuse are commonly associated with suicide risk, there are other factors that are commonly overlooked; medical illnesses, ethnicity, ghettos, prisons, the military and college risk factors.Many who specifically “support terrorism as religious dedication do not conceptualize such acts of self-destruction as suicide” (Casados, 2005, p. 24).
  • What makes suicide during middle age also very intriguing is its relative lower occurrence and the lack of studies done with this particular age group.
  • Suicide In Middle Age

    1. 1. Suicide in Middle Age: Selfishness, Helplessness, or understatement? <br />Module 7:Assignment 2: Review Paper<br />PSY492<br />Robert A. DeBellis<br />Professor Katina Clarke<br />Argosy University Online<br />
    2. 2. Suicidal Ideation<br />It is commonly believed that suicide is a consequence of despair, a cry for help, or seeking an end to pain. <br />Thoughts of suicide can also arise from a psychological crisis, mental health issue or a physical disability.<br />Suicide ideation is most common in adolescence and in the elderly when the body and mind undergo numerous mental and physical challenges.<br />
    3. 3. Origins of Suicidal Thought<br />In middle age, a person can suffer suicidal ideation from a number of causes:<br />
    4. 4. What most likely contributes to Suicidal Ideation in Middle Age?<br />Physical Issues<br />Sudden Illness- Cancer, Tumors, Infections.<br />Genetic Consequence- The onset of a disease.<br />Substance Abuse- Abusing alcohol or drugs.<br />Psychological Issues<br />Sudden Loss- Loss of a spouse or significant other<br />Mental Illness- Depression, Schizophrenia, Bi-polar.<br />Midlife Crisis- Loss of job, family or sense of self.<br />Sociological<br />Identity Issues- Gender Identity issues, Sexuality issues.<br />Gender Challenges- Menopause, Impotence.<br />Religious or Social Statement- Idealized death.<br />
    5. 5. Situation or Age?<br />The latest research currently suggests is that suicide is an age-related phenomenon because it is most often associated with the trials and tribulations of a specific age group.<br />However…<br />Suicide in Adolescence and Elderly is more as a result of crisis.<br />Suicide in Middle Age tends to be more for personal reasons.<br />Suicide in middle age is brought on by situational factors rather than age.<br />
    6. 6. References<br /><ul><li>Apter, A.. (2010). Suicidal behaviour in adolescence. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(5), 271-3.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 2053820521).
    7. 7. Blaustein, M., & Fleming, A. (2009). From the psychiatric foundation of northern california: Suicide from the golden gate bridge. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 166(10), 1111-1116.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from Research Library Core. (Document ID: 1876260611).
    8. 8. Casados, David L. (2005).  On suicide bombers: A theoretical conceptualization from a self-psychology perspective. Psy.D. dissertation, The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, United States -- Illinois. Retrieved July 5, 2010, from ProQuest Psychology Journals.(Publication No. AAT 3196249).
    9. 9. Christopher D Martin.  (2006). Ernest Hemingway: A psychological autopsy of a suicide. Psychiatry, 69(4), 351-61.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 1217154011).
    10. 10. Fiedorowicz, J., Weldon, K., & Bergus, G. (2010). Determining suicide risk (Hint: A screen is not enough). Journal of Family Practice, 59(5), 256-260. Retrieved from Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection database.
    11. 11. Granello, D.. (2010). The process of suicide risk assessment: Twelve core principles. Journal of Counseling and Development : JCD, 88(3), 363-371.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from Research Library. (Document ID: 2065707841).
    12. 12. Lipschitz, Alan.  (1995). Suicide prevention in young adults (age 18-30). Suicide & Life - Threatening Behavior, 25(1), 155-70.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 4594439).
    13. 13. Phillips, M.. (2010). Rethinking the role of mental illness in suicide. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 167(7), 731-733.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 2068259691).
    14. 14. Renaud, J., Berlim, M., Begolli, M., McGirr, A., & Turecki, G.. (2010). Sexual orientation and gender identity in youth suicide victims: An exploratory study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(1), 29-34.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from Health Module. (Document ID: 1958167881).
    15. 15. von Borczyskowski, A., Lindblad, F., Vinnerljung, B., & Hjern, A.. (2010). Gender differences in risk factors for suicide: Findings from a swedish national cohort study. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 55(2), 108-11.  Retrieved July 5, 2010, from Health Module. (Document ID: 1986429481).</li>