Open Source and Economic Development


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Presentation at the 13th International Free Software Forum, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Abstract: In Latin America, it’s well-understood that Brazil was pioneering in considering FOSS to be both a strategy and a tool for regional economic development. But what about the rest of the world? As FOSS/OSS enters the mainstream of industry, how are countries in Europe and Asia looking at this disruptive force in software development? And what is happening in the United States where one could argue a very strong proprietary software industry is reinventing itself, with the U.S. government both following and leading the open development model?

This talk discusses FOSS from the perspective of open information technology ecosystems and government’s role in them, providing a picture of the changing landscape of software industries and the potential for localized economic benefit to those participating. It includes a perspective of how governments are experimenting with becoming more directly involved with the open source community, and to learn from them. Stories and examples are drawn for the speakers experience, research and direct involvement with government, academic and industry bodies creating exemplary projects and reference models for others to consider.

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Open Source and Economic Development

  1. 1. Open Source Software and Economic Development (A Brief) World Tour of Government-Centric Ecosystems Presented presented to the 13th International Free Software ForumJuly 26, 2012 by Deborah Bryant FISL 13
  2. 2. About the SpeakerCivic & Non-profit Advisor BryantGroup Homeland Open Security Technology Program 2
  3. 3. A matter of words.Open Source Software/OSSFree Software/FOSSFree/Libre Software/FLOSS
  4. 4. One Goal. Ten Strategies.• Countries around the world are utilizing open source to improve their countries economic condition as part of their Information CommunicationsTechnology (ICT) strategy.• All strategy starts with existing resources.• What can we learn from some current examples? 4 4
  5. 5. Open EcosystemGovernment Community IndustryEducation Private Capitol
  6. 6. Brazil Recognized as visionaryBrasilBrasil and pioneering government leadership in using FOSS for - economic development - bridge the digital divide
  7. 7. Spain • National FoundationEspañaEspanha • Ambitious public administration projects • Strong communities
  8. 8. France • High profile federalFrancia adoptionFrança • City of Paris: Software Industry Cluster Theory in practice • Funded 30 projects to date
  9. 9. French FLOSS Global 2011 Revenue 25 2.5 Billion 30 Euros source:
  10. 10. French FLOSS Companies about 25 300 30 source:
  11. 11. Malaysia • GovernmentMalasiaMalásia Competency Center • Aggressive public sector development • Investment in work force development (training)
  12. 12. Maylasia OSS Master Plan Implementation Roadmap
  13. 13. Malaysian Government Creates the Marketplace Text
  14. 14. Malaysian Education and Work Force Training
  15. 15. Community
  16. 16. South Korea •Corea del Sur GovernmentCoréia do Sul Investment in start- ups and education • Annual OSS Day and cash awards • Investment in work force development (training)
  17. 17. Korea’s National InitiativePower Shift acceleration in the world IT market [HW to SW] Maintain Domestic OSS introduction has continuously expanded with a steady Continuous growth(Annual average growth of 8.2%) growth
  18. 18. Community Support & Encouragement Supporting Undertake international contribution through the activation of OSS OSS Communities -22 subjects in 2011, Development driving registered in the sourceforge -Developer training driving through 5th open SW developer contest
  19. 19. United States • Software industry isEstados Unidos reinventing itselfEstados Unidos • Government is investing in the development model • Economic and political changes have changed the landscape for OSS
  20. 20. OSS 3-D Visualization World WindEcosystem 20 
  21. 21. Public Private Models Electronic Health Records VistA 21
  22. 22. Public Private Models Secure Health Information Exchange CONNECT 22
  23. 23. Public Private Models Cancer Research Tools 23
  24. 24. US Federal IT Budget• What no one is talking about. 24 24
  25. 25. Improving on Government’s ability to collaborate 25 25
  26. 26. Investing in an Open Source Community 26 26
  27. 27. United KingdomReino UnidoReino Unido • UK has a long policy courtship with open source • New procurement strategy includes small and medium businesses (SME) • Open Data program increases interest in FOSS
  28. 28. Portland • Small City InitiativeOregon • Gov outreach to FOSSUSA community in all technology initiatives • Open Source mecca for North America • Contributors and entrepreneurs live and work here.
  29. 29. Emerging Trends
  30. 30. Increasing Historical Information (Data)Analytics
  31. 31. Traditional Investment Risk ConsiderationsTechnology Management Time to Market
  32. 32. New Investment Consideration (brings value and risk) Community ManagementTechnology Time to Market
  33. 33. Summary •Governments around the world are pursing FOSS/OSS as an economic strategy •More research is needed to quantify the impact of these initiatives. •We have much to learn from each other, but must adapt to our local context •Open minds are needed to build bridges across the divide between participants to create a healthy ecosystem.
  34. 34. Thank-you.Gracias.Obrigado. Questions? ¿Preguntas? Perguntas?
  35. 35. For Furtherinformation. Deborah Bryant ph 011.533.8050 irc: debz0r BryantGroup