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Brief overview of Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit, with summary of intertextual references

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  1. 1. There is no autobiography Only art and lies
  2. 2. Jeanette Winterson <ul><li>Born 1959 </li></ul><ul><li>Educated Oxford </li></ul><ul><li>Oranges 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>The Passion 1987 </li></ul><ul><li>Sexing the Cherry 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Written on the Body 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>OBE 2006 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Metafiction <ul><li>Fiction about fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Allusive, referential </li></ul><ul><li>Intertextuality </li></ul>
  4. 4. Intertextuality <ul><li>Similar to allusion – reference to another text within the text you are reading </li></ul><ul><li>Requires knowledge of other text for meaning to be activated </li></ul><ul><li>Deepens and increases complexity of themes, images etc within text, creates relationship between two texts </li></ul>
  5. 5. The matter that detains us now may seem, To many, neither dignified enough Nor arduous, yet will not be scorned by them, Who, looking inward, have observed the ties That bind the perishable hours of life Each to the other, & the curious props By which the world of memory and thought Exists & is sustained. William Wordsworth, “The Prelude” VII 458-66
  6. 6. Goblin Market <ul><li>Sisterhood/female loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Often read as feminized Christ story </li></ul><ul><li>Lure of the forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jeannie” died because succumbed to desire for forbidden fruit. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Teresa of Avilar <ul><li>Bildungsroman </li></ul><ul><li>Quest for spiritual life </li></ul><ul><li>Search for vocation may be corrupted or frustrated by environment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Percival <ul><li>Exile </li></ul><ul><li>Bildungsroman </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Grail Quest </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ruth <ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Exile </li></ul><ul><li>Bonds between women </li></ul>
  10. 10. Repeated themes/motifs <ul><li>Quest for perfection/grace/knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Interior City” (equated with Augustine’s City of God, Blake’s Jerusalem) </li></ul><ul><li>Awakening (both sexual and intellectual) </li></ul><ul><li>Development – the bildungsroman </li></ul><ul><li>Choice between social belonging/loyalty and “higher” calling/vocation/love (presented symbolically by frequent juxtaposition of transcendence and banal) </li></ul>