Avoiding Plagiarism


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Brief guide to documention for 1st year College English

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Avoiding Plagiarism

  1. 1. And Citing Correctly Avoiding Plagiarism
  2. 2. The Bottom Line: The following will lose you marks. <ul><li>No citations? Fail (see plagiarism) </li></ul><ul><li>Citations in anything other than MLA or APA, or consistent failure to format correctly:? Automatic 10% deduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes not integrated or formatted incorrectly (long quote not set off with hanging indent), treated as “serious error,” three will lose you 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Titles incorrectly formatted: automatic 5% deduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorrect punctuation, treated as punctuation error. Five will lose you 10% </li></ul>
  3. 3. Titles <ul><li>Books (Perspectives on Contemporary Issues, Pride and Prejudice) and sometimes plays are underlined or in italics. Not both. </li></ul><ul><li>Poems, essays (“The Game”) and other works within works (sometimes plays) are in quotation marks. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Formatting Quotes <ul><li>Integrate grammatically whenever possible into your own sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>More than two lines of anything should be indented five spaces on both sides and set off from the text. No quotation marks . </li></ul><ul><li>As a rule, quote as little as possible; paraphrase or put in your own words (but don’t forget to cite) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Parenthetical Citations 1: What <ul><li>ANYTHING, either exact quote, fact or opinion, that you read in your research </li></ul><ul><li>Page of text you are using – cite author’s name once at the beginning but unless you cite something other than your main work there is no need to keep repeating it. </li></ul><ul><li>If no author, use ABBREVIATED title – this applies to journal articles and web page articles as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Have as many citations per paragraph as there are different sources. Don’t worry about having too many. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Your Basic Parenthetical Citation: MLA <ul><li>First quotation or reference: “Quote quote quote” (Author 25). </li></ul><ul><li>All subsequent quotes or references by same author, or where author is mentioned by name in sentence: “quote quote quote” (26). </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: NO “p” for page, NO comma between author and number </li></ul>
  7. 7. Your Basic Parenthetical Citation: APA <ul><li>When author is used in signal phrase: </li></ul><ul><li>According to Author, “quote quote quote” (2006, p. 19). </li></ul><ul><li>If no signal phrase or for paraphrased material This is an important piece of information for my research paper (Author, 2006, p.19) </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: includes year, “p” for page and commas between entries. Do NOT confuse MLA and APA </li></ul>
  8. 8. Parenthetical Citations 2: Where <ul><li>The parentheses go after the quote but before the period except in the case of indented quotes when it goes at the end. </li></ul><ul><li>Milton echoes Marlowe when he writes that a mind “in itself / Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Heav’n” (234-5). </li></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth Barrett Browning suggests that women “are paid / The worth of our work, perhaps” (464). </li></ul>
  9. 9. More Punctuation <ul><li>Reproduce internal punctuation (and capitalization) exactly as written except for a closing period (which goes after the parentheses). Retain closing exclamation and question marks. </li></ul><ul><li>Dorothea Brook responds: “What a wonderful little almanac you are, Celia!” (7). </li></ul>