Understanding Pay,Understanding Pay,
Benefits, and IncentivesBenefits, and Incentives
Gross Pay – total pay before anyGross Pay – total pay before any
YTD – year to dateYTD – year to date
Hourly Wages and OvertimeHourly Wages and Overtime
• Standard workweek is 40 hours in a 5-dayStandard workweek is 40 hours in a 5-day
period of 8 hours each dayperiod of 8 hours each day
• According to Fair Labor Standards Act, hourlyAccording to Fair Labor Standards Act, hourly
workers must receive overtime at the rate ofworkers must receive overtime at the rate of
11/2 times the regular rate of pay11/2 times the regular rate of pay
Some businesses are exempt from this requirement.Some businesses are exempt from this requirement.
If you work for salary, you generallyIf you work for salary, you generally
work regular hours but you will NOTwork regular hours but you will NOT
receive additional pay for overtimereceive additional pay for overtime
Salary is stated as an annual (yearly)Salary is stated as an annual (yearly)
Deductions are amounts subtractedDeductions are amounts subtracted
from your gross pay.from your gross pay.
Required deductions:Required deductions:
- Social Security (FICA) and MedicareSocial Security (FICA) and Medicare
- Federal Income TaxFederal Income Tax
- State Income TaxState Income Tax
Optional deductions:Optional deductions:
Credit union paymentCredit union payment
Health insuranceHealth insurance
Dental insuranceDental insurance
Union duesUnion dues
Accidental deathAccidental death
Life insuranceLife insurance
Regular Wages + Overtime = Gross Pay
or Salary = Gross Pay
Gross Pay – Deductions = Net Pay
Benefits & IncentivesBenefits & Incentives
Benefits are forms of employeeBenefits are forms of employee
compensation in addition to pay.compensation in addition to pay.
Ex. Insurance, retirement savingsEx. Insurance, retirement savings
plans, paid sick leave, vacations,plans, paid sick leave, vacations,
profit sharingprofit sharing
Profit SharingProfit Sharing – plan that allows– plan that allows
employees to receive a portion of theemployees to receive a portion of the
company’s profits at the end of thecompany’s profits at the end of the
corporate year.corporate year.
Incentive pay – money offered toIncentive pay – money offered to
encourage employees to strive forencourage employees to strive for
higher levels of performancehigher levels of performance
Paid Vacations and HolidaysPaid Vacations and Holidays
Most business provide full-time employeesMost business provide full-time employees
with a set amount of paid vacation time.with a set amount of paid vacation time.
Businesses also provide full-time employeesBusinesses also provide full-time employees
with paid time off for holidays.with paid time off for holidays.
Ex. Christmas, Thanksgiving, Fourth of July,Ex. Christmas, Thanksgiving, Fourth of July,
Labor Day, and Memorial Day.Labor Day, and Memorial Day.
Employees required to work may receive paidEmployees required to work may receive paid
time and a half or double time.time and a half or double time.
Employee ServicesEmployee Services are extras thatare extras that
companies offer in order to improvecompanies offer in order to improve
employee morale and workingemployee morale and working
Ex. Employee discounts, tuitionEx. Employee discounts, tuition
reimbursement for college courses,reimbursement for college courses,
day-care centers, counseling forday-care centers, counseling for
employees, etc.employees, etc.
Child CareChild Care – Many companies provide– Many companies provide
on-site child-care facilities as well ason-site child-care facilities as well as
coverage of child-care expenses.coverage of child-care expenses.
Sick PaySick Pay – Many businesses provide– Many businesses provide
an allowance of days each year foran allowance of days each year for
illness, with pay as usual.illness, with pay as usual.
Customary to receive 3-10 days aCustomary to receive 3-10 days a
year as “sick days” withoutyear as “sick days” without
deductions from pay.deductions from pay.
Leaves of AbsencesLeaves of Absences – Allows– Allows
employees to leave their jobsemployees to leave their jobs
(without pay) for certain reasons.(without pay) for certain reasons.
This gives job security and your jobThis gives job security and your job
is protected.is protected.
Most large companies provide groupMost large companies provide group
insurance plans for full-timeinsurance plans for full-time
employees. Some companies pay allemployees. Some companies pay all
premiums, others pay a portion.premiums, others pay a portion.
Employees may elect to have spouseEmployees may elect to have spouse
and dependents covered at theirand dependents covered at their
Types of InsuranceTypes of Insurance
Health InsuranceHealth Insurance – typical plan has an– typical plan has an
employee paid amount or deductible.employee paid amount or deductible.
After deductible has been reached, planAfter deductible has been reached, plan
pays 80% of most doctor bills,pays 80% of most doctor bills,
prescriptions, and hospitalization chargesprescriptions, and hospitalization charges
and emergency bills. After a certainand emergency bills. After a certain
amount is reached, insurance pays 100%.amount is reached, insurance pays 100%.
Alternative is HMO (health maintenanceAlternative is HMO (health maintenance
Life InsuranceLife Insurance – Life insurance– Life insurance
pays a cash benefit to a designatedpays a cash benefit to a designated
person, beneficiary, when theperson, beneficiary, when the
insured dies.insured dies.
Dental InsuranceDental Insurance – Most dental– Most dental
plans provide a maximum benefit perplans provide a maximum benefit per
year per family member. Preventiveyear per family member. Preventive
is usually covered 100%, otheris usually covered 100%, other
services generally 80% afterservices generally 80% after
Vision InsuranceVision Insurance – Covers cost of– Covers cost of
prescription lenses and eyeprescription lenses and eye
Bonuses and Stock OptionsBonuses and Stock Options
Bonuses are incentive pay based onBonuses are incentive pay based on
quality of work done, years ofquality of work done, years of
service, or company sales or profits.service, or company sales or profits.
Stock-purchase options giveStock-purchase options give
employees (usually executives) theemployees (usually executives) the
right to buy a set number of sharesright to buy a set number of shares
of the company’s stock at a fixedof the company’s stock at a fixed
price by a certain time.price by a certain time.
Pension and Savings PlansPension and Savings Plans
Some employers provide pension plans forSome employers provide pension plans for
retirement. Plans are usually funded byretirement. Plans are usually funded by
the employer. Employees arethe employer. Employees are vestedvested
(entitled to the full retirement account)(entitled to the full retirement account)
after a specified period of time.after a specified period of time.
Cafeteria-style employee benefit programsCafeteria-style employee benefit programs
allow workers to base their job benefits onallow workers to base their job benefits on
personal needs.personal needs.
Flexible Work ArrangementsFlexible Work Arrangements
FlextimeFlextime (flexible schedules) allows(flexible schedules) allows
employees to choose their working hoursemployees to choose their working hours
within defined limits. Must be presentedwithin defined limits. Must be presented
during specified core time period.during specified core time period.
Employees can then choose rest of theEmployees can then choose rest of the
working hours.working hours.
Compressed workweekCompressed workweek – work scheduled– work scheduled
that fits the normal 40-hour week into lessthat fits the normal 40-hour week into less
than five days.than five days.
Ex: Four 10-hours days followed by three daysEx: Four 10-hours days followed by three days
Job rotationJob rotation – a job design in which– a job design in which
employees are trained to do more thanemployees are trained to do more than
one specialized task. Employees rotateone specialized task. Employees rotate
from one task to another. This reducesfrom one task to another. This reduces
boredom and burnout.boredom and burnout.
Job sharingJob sharing – a job design in which two– a job design in which two
people share one full-time position.people share one full-time position.
Employees split salary and benefitsEmployees split salary and benefits
according to the amount of eachaccording to the amount of each
employee’s contributions.employee’s contributions.
Permanent Part-TimePermanent Part-Time – employees– employees
who choose to work only part-timewho choose to work only part-time
(16-25 hours per week).(16-25 hours per week).
TelecommutingTelecommuting – employees can– employees can
work at home or on the road andwork at home or on the road and
stay in contact with their manager orstay in contact with their manager or
co-workers through e-mails, fax, andco-workers through e-mails, fax, and
mobile phone.mobile phone.
Examples: data entry, web design,Examples: data entry, web design,
information processing, softwareinformation processing, software