Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece and on the Ancient Greek civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself. Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth explains the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and other mythological creatures. These accounts were initially disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; the Greek myths are known today primarily from Greek literature. Greek mythology has had extensive influence on the culture, the arts and the literature of Western civilization and remains part of Western heritage and language. Poets and artists from ancient times to the present have derived inspiration from Greek mythology and have discovered contemporary significance and relevance in classical mythological themes.
King of the Gods and ruler of Mount Olympus; god of the sky, thunder, and justice.
Queen of the Gods and of the heavens; goddess of women, marriage, and motherhood.
Lord of the Sea; god of the seas, earthquakes, created horses.
Goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature, and the seasons.
Goddess of the hearth and home (left so Dionysus could be in the twelve).
Goddess of love, beauty, desire, and fertility.
The Sun God; god of light, healing, music, poetry, prophecy, archery and truth.