THEORY OF SETTLEMENT
BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE
SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE
DEBASKHI MITRA
RIMEKA DORA RANEE
THANGME...
SHILLONG – GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT
CAPITAL OF THE STATE OF MEGHALAYA.
LOCATED AT 25 34 NORTH LATITUDE AND 91 55
EAST LONGIT...
FACTS AND FIGURES
AREA: 10.36 sqkm
ALTITUDE: 1400metres
POPULATION: 1,31,719
LANGUAGES SPOKEN: ENGLISH, HINDI, KHASI, GARO...
HISTORICAL GROWTH OF SHILLONG
1862: SHILLONG AND YEODEO, TWO DISTINCT SITES WERE
CONSIDERED AS H.Q STATION AND MILLITARY C...
1909: MUNICIPALITY CONSTITUTED UNDER BENGAL
MUNICIPAL ACT.
1940: RAPID URBAN GROWTH DEUE TO FORMATION OF
MUNICIPALITY AND ...
CONCLUSIONS
HISTORICALLY SHILLONG HAS ALWAYS BEEN A CENTER OF ACTIVITY DUE TO A WEEKLY MARKET-YEODEO.
THE BRITISH FURTHER ...
SPATIAL GROWTH OF SHILLONG
The city spreads northward to
umshing river and extends
eastward from the divide between
umkra...
LAND FORM AND GROWTH DIRECTION
SETTLEMENT PATTERN
Inferences:
The settlements are
evenly distributed over
GSPA area but the major
concentration of
popul...
DRAINAGE BASINS
LAND UTILIZATION (2010)
CHANGE IN LANDUSE PATTERN
CHANGE IN LANDUSE PATTERN
INFERENCES FROM CHANGE IN LANDUSE PATTERN
MORE THAN 50% OF THE TOTAL AREA WAS UNDER RESIDENTIAL USE IN 1971 WHICH COME TO...
37%
8%
3%
4%7%
37%
4%
Landuse - 1991 (SMB)
Residential
Commercial
Recreational
Industrial
Transpotation
PSP
Forest
38%
9%
...
POPULATION DISTRIBUTION
Inferences:
In SMB hardly any
population variation is seen
from 1991 to 2001.
Whereas is signifi...
POPULATION DENSITY
Inferences:
The density of population in
SMB is highest followed by
Nongthymmai and
Pynthorumkhrah.
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
Inferences:
It has been observed that
major population growth
rate between 1991 and 2001
is observ...
VISUAL ELEMENTS OF THE CITY
STREETSCAPES
LANDFORMS
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Shillong evolution

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Evolution of Shillong- A study of Theory of Settlement

Shillong evolution

  1. 1. THEORY OF SETTLEMENT BACHELOR OF ARCHITECTURE SCHOOL OF PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURE DEBASKHI MITRA RIMEKA DORA RANEE THANGMEIYO RAMROR
  2. 2. SHILLONG – GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT CAPITAL OF THE STATE OF MEGHALAYA. LOCATED AT 25 34 NORTH LATITUDE AND 91 55 EAST LONGITUDE. LIES AT A N ALTITUDE OF 1500M ABOVE THE MEAN SEA LEVEL. LOCATION LINKAGES LINKED BY NH-40 TO STATE CAPITAL OF ASSAM, GUWAHATI. LINKED TO THE NEIGHBOURING STATE OF MIZORAM AND NAGALAND BY NH-44. CLIMATE WARM AND WET IN SUMMERS. COLD AND DRY IN WINTERS. TEMPERATURE/RAINFALL SUMMER: 18 – 24 C WINTER: 3 – 16 C AVERAGE ANNUAL RAINFALL: 212 CM PHYSIOGRAPHY AND DRAINAGE LOCATED IN A VALLEY WITH AN AREA OF 45 SQ.KM. BOUNDED BY SHILLONG RANGE IN THE SOUTH AND MAWAT RANGE IN THE NORTH-EAST. THE TOWN IS DRAINED BY UMKHRAH AND UMKHEN RIVERS.
  3. 3. FACTS AND FIGURES AREA: 10.36 sqkm ALTITUDE: 1400metres POPULATION: 1,31,719 LANGUAGES SPOKEN: ENGLISH, HINDI, KHASI, GARO, ASSAMESE RELIGION: CHRISTIANITY
  4. 4. HISTORICAL GROWTH OF SHILLONG 1862: SHILLONG AND YEODEO, TWO DISTINCT SITES WERE CONSIDERED AS H.Q STATION AND MILLITARY CANTONMENT BY BRITISH. 1874: ASSAM PROVINCE CONSTITUTED: SHILLONG MADE HEADQUARTERS. 1886: TOTAL TRANSFER OF LAND BY SYIEM TO MYLLIEM TO BRITISH. BUILDING ACTIVITY STARTS TO ACCOMMODATE ARMY AND MIGRANT POPULATION. 1885 1862 1878: SHILLONG CONSTITUTED INTO A STATION.
  5. 5. 1909: MUNICIPALITY CONSTITUTED UNDER BENGAL MUNICIPAL ACT. 1940: RAPID URBAN GROWTH DEUE TO FORMATION OF MUNICIPALITY AND DUE TO ESTABLISHMENT OF STATE AND CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OFFICES. 1940 1972 1961: SINCE NONGTHYMMAI AND MAWLAI BECAME CENSUS TOWNS. THEY WERE INCLUDED IN URBAN AGGLOMERATION.
  6. 6. CONCLUSIONS HISTORICALLY SHILLONG HAS ALWAYS BEEN A CENTER OF ACTIVITY DUE TO A WEEKLY MARKET-YEODEO. THE BRITISH FURTHER INCREASED ITS POTENTIAL BY MAKING IT AN ADMINISTRATIVE SEAT IN NORTH-EAST. SHILLONG CHANGED FROM A PURELY ADMINISTRATIVE TOWN TO A REGIONAL COMMERCIAL CENTRE. 1981: FURTHER EXPANSION OF URBAN AREA TO THE TOWNS OF PYNTHORUMKHRAH AND MADANRYTING. 1981
  7. 7. SPATIAL GROWTH OF SHILLONG The city spreads northward to umshing river and extends eastward from the divide between umkrah and umshirpi river. The city has extended towards the north on the guwahati-shillong road and south-west on cherrapunji road and north-east on the nehu campus at malwai area. The new shillong area has developed on the eastern side of shillong.
  8. 8. LAND FORM AND GROWTH DIRECTION
  9. 9. SETTLEMENT PATTERN Inferences: The settlements are evenly distributed over GSPA area but the major concentration of population is in SUA ( Shillong Urban agglomeration) area which almost 80per cent
  10. 10. DRAINAGE BASINS
  11. 11. LAND UTILIZATION (2010)
  12. 12. CHANGE IN LANDUSE PATTERN
  13. 13. CHANGE IN LANDUSE PATTERN
  14. 14. INFERENCES FROM CHANGE IN LANDUSE PATTERN MORE THAN 50% OF THE TOTAL AREA WAS UNDER RESIDENTIAL USE IN 1971 WHICH COME TO 44% IN 1981 AND 37% IN 1991; THIS DECLINE CAN BECAUSE OF MIXED LAND USE AS THEY ARE CATEGORIZED UNDER COMMERCIAL AND INFILLING AND ACCRETION PROCESS. IN 1971 COMMERCIAL USE WAS 2.79% WHICH INCREASED TO 5.6% IN 1981 AND 7.63% IN 1991. LAND UNDER INDUSTRIAL USE IS LOW. PUBLIC & SEMI PUBLIC USE HAS BEEN STEADILY INCREASING FROM 20.37% TO 37.36%, DUE TO ESTABLISHMENT OF MANY CENTRAL, STATE AND REGIONAL OFFICES AND ALSO THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. LAND UNDER TRANSPORTATION HAS INCREASED FROM 2.51% TO 7.05% FROM 1971-1991. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1971 1981 1991 2010
  15. 15. 37% 8% 3% 4%7% 37% 4% Landuse - 1991 (SMB) Residential Commercial Recreational Industrial Transpotation PSP Forest 38% 9% 2% 4% 9% 36% 2% Landuse - 2010 (Shillong Municipal Board) Residential Commercial Recreational Industrial Transpotation PSP Forest 55% 3% 11% 1% 3% 20% 7% Landuse - 1971 (SMB) Residential Commercial Recreational Industrial Transpotation PSP Forest 45% 6%5% 2% 6% 30% 6% Landuse - 1981 (SMB) Residential Commercial Recreational Industrial Transpotation PSP Forest
  16. 16. POPULATION DISTRIBUTION Inferences: In SMB hardly any population variation is seen from 1991 to 2001. Whereas is significant population increase is seen in Nongthymmai , Pynthorumkhrah and Mawlai.
  17. 17. POPULATION DENSITY Inferences: The density of population in SMB is highest followed by Nongthymmai and Pynthorumkhrah.
  18. 18. POPULATION GROWTH RATE Inferences: It has been observed that major population growth rate between 1991 and 2001 is observed in the village and towns falling along the national highway.
  19. 19. VISUAL ELEMENTS OF THE CITY STREETSCAPES LANDFORMS

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