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Determinants of Personality

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION  Personality can be described as: the collective qualities, characteristics, disposition and values of a person which distinguish him or her from others, and which will affect the manners he/she reacts toward or interacts with other people and his /her environment.
  2. 2.  A person’s personality should be seen as on-going development process.  Every person has a different personality and set of traits.
  3. 3.  BIOLOGICAL FACTORS  CULTURAL FACTORS  SOCIAL FACTORS  SITUATIONAL FACTORS
  4. 4. 1. Brain Brain is one of the most important factors of personality determinant. It is generally believed that the father and the child adopt almost the same type of brain stimulation and the later differences are the result of the environment in which the child has been grown up. Electrical Stimulation of the Brain (ESB) and Split Brain Psychology (SBP) and the outcomes of genetic transmissions and are the tools that are used by the management of any organization to mould and amend the employee’s behavior to a more positive and proper one.
  5. 5. 2. Physical Factors One of the most important factors in determining personality is the ‘Physical Characteristics’ of an individual. It is believed that this factor plays a vital role in determining one’s behavior in any organization. Physical features may involve the height of a person (short or tall), his color (white or black), his health status (fat or skinny) and his beauty (handsome or ugly). These factors are involved when interacting with any other person and thus contribute in the personality development in many ways.
  6. 6. 3. Heredity Factors  Last, but not the least, the heredity factors play a very important role as the major determinants and factors of personality. Heredity factors are the ones that are determined at the time of conception. These factors not only affect the physical features of a person, but the intelligence level, attentiveness, gender, temperament, various inherited diseases and energy level, all get affected by them.  The example of how heredity factors determine such a huge and significant part of an individual’s personality can easily be observed in children. Many children behave exactly how their parents do. Similarly, twin siblings also have a lot of things in common.
  7. 7. Social factors also play a vital role in determining one’s personality. The things that revolve and evolve around us on a regular basis determine our personality. The society that we live in, the cultural environment that we face daily, the community we get interacted to, all are included in this factor. Relationships, co-ordination, co- operation, interaction, environment in the family, organizations, workplaces, communities, societies all contribute in way or another as personality determinants.
  8. 8. The culture in which one lives in, that may involve traditional practices, norms, customs, procedures, rules and regulations, precedents and values, all are important determinants of personality. Moreover, the creed, religion and believes are also very important factors of personality determinants.
  9. 9. Although these factors do not literally create and shape up an individual’s personality, situational factors do alter a person’s behavior and response from time to time. The situational factors can be commonly observed when a person behaves contrastingly and exhibits different traits and characteristics. For example, a person’s behavior will be totally different when he is in his office, in front of his boss, when compared to his hangout with old friends in a bar. In this way, situational factors impact a personality in a significant way. They often bring out the traits of a person that are not commonly seen.

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