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  1. 2. Things Needed to Play Basketball and How to Play <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Object of game </li></ul><ul><li>Length of game </li></ul><ul><li>Start off: Tip Off </li></ul><ul><li>Offense: Scoring, Dribbling, Passing, and How to run an offense </li></ul><ul><li>Defense: How to play defense, Zone vs. Man to Man, and fouls </li></ul><ul><li>3 Second Violation </li></ul><ul><li>Rebounds </li></ul><ul><li>Positions: Guards, Forwards and Center </li></ul>
  2. 3. Equipment <ul><li>An area to play in (gym, out door court) </li></ul><ul><li>Basketball </li></ul><ul><li>2 basketball hoops (10 ft high) </li></ul><ul><li>Proper clothes and shoes </li></ul><ul><li>10 people on the court, two different teams, 5 on a team (can have more on each team) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Object of the Game <ul><li>The object of the game is to score more points than the other team. In order to do so you need to be able to make the basketball in your hoop. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Length of the Game <ul><li>Professional – 12 minutes, 4 quarters </li></ul>
  5. 6. Starting Off: Tip Off <ul><li>Two teams line up around their two centers who are at the center of the court. </li></ul><ul><li>Each player matches up against another based on height and skill (ideally). </li></ul><ul><li>The referee throws the ball straight up and the two centers jump up to gain possession. The goal is to &quot;tip&quot; the ball to your teammate to gain possession. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Offense <ul><li>Basketball is as an offense vs. defense game. When you have the ball, all members of the team are on offense. On offense you are trying to score points by shooting the ball into the defending team's basket. Each &quot;field goal&quot; or &quot;basket&quot; is worth two points. Baskets scored outside the 3-point line are worth 3 points. </li></ul>
  7. 8. How to Shoot <ul><li>You want your dominate hand in the middle of the ball with your hand relaxed on it and the other hand on the side of the ball (which will guide the ball to go straight). When shooting you want to bend your knees and spring up off the ground. Then you want to release the ball towards the basket. </li></ul>
  8. 9. How to Shoot (Click Photo for Video)
  9. 10. Advancing the Ball <ul><li>In order to advance the ball you want to be able to dribble the ball up the court or pass the ball to another teammate up the court. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Dribbling <ul><li>Take the ball and bounce it on the floor in a continuous motion. This is dribbling. You can move your feet and body in any direction as long as you are dribbling. Once you cross mid-court, you cannot cross back over it. </li></ul><ul><li>Once you pick up your dribble you cannot dribble it again unless you pass it to someone else and they give it back. You can have a pivot foot when you pick up your dribble but you cannot pick that foot off the ground. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Passing <ul><li>There are different ways in passing, either the bounce pass, chest pass, or a overhead pass. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to use the bounce pass and chest pass you want to use both hands and step towards your target. When you let go of the ball your thumbs should be pointing towards the floor. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Bounce & Chest Pass (Click Photos for Video) <ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
  13. 14. Defense <ul><li>The defenses' goal is to steal the ball from the other team. You may do this by intercepting a pass or stealing the ball during someone's dribble. You can also get a rebound that the opposing team misses when they shoot or by taking a charge. You may not make direct physical contact with the player in order to get the ball. If you do, a foul is called. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Zone vs. Man to Man <ul><li>There are many defensive plays but these are the two man defenses a team will use. A zone defense is one that covers area, not specific persons on the opposing team. A Man-to-Man defense is one in which every player has their own man to guard. Zones work well against teams strong at driving to the hoop where as man-to-man works best on teams that struggle with the dribble. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Defending the Ball Handler (Click Photo for Video)
  16. 17. Fouls <ul><li>You are allowed five fouls per game. After you get five fouls, you are removed from the game. This rule is intended to prevent a very rough game. If you are fouled when shooting and miss the shot you could either get 2 or 3 free throws. If you make the shot and get fouled then you get to shoot only one free throw and those points count. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Cont. <ul><li>If you foul the other team when they are not shooting they just get the ball out of bounds unless your team has 6 fouls combined then they shoot an 1-1. A 1-1 is if you miss the first shot it is live but if you make the first shot you get another shot. If they have 10 or more you shoot 2 free throws. </li></ul>
  18. 19. 3-Second Violation <ul><li>On offense, you cannot remain in the &quot;key,” which is the area designated underneath and directly in front of basket, for more than 3-seconds. If there is a 3-second violation, the other team gets the ball and you lose that possession. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Rebounds <ul><li>One of the most important elements of the game is getting rebounds. Rebounds are the missed or deflected shots that are recovered by either team. Having a team strong in rebounding is an important asset. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Rebounding (Click Photo for Video)
  21. 22. Positions <ul><li>There are 5 positions on a basketball team </li></ul><ul><li>1 position is the point guard </li></ul><ul><li>2 position is the guard </li></ul><ul><li>3 positions is the guard/forward </li></ul><ul><li>4 position is the forward </li></ul><ul><li>5 position is the center </li></ul>
  22. 23. 1-Point Guard <ul><li>The point guard is the main guy that dribbles the ball up the court most of the time. He is usually the one that calls out the play. He is usually the smallest and fasted guy on the team. </li></ul>
  23. 24. 2-Guard <ul><li>The 2 guard is the guy who also can dribble the basketball but is one of the main shooters on the team. This is the go to guy if you need a quick shot at the end of the quarter. </li></ul>
  24. 25. 3-Guard/Forward <ul><li>The 3 guard/forward is also the shooter but also rebounds the ball a lot. He is also good at penetrating in the paint and getting a lay up. </li></ul>
  25. 26. 4-Forward <ul><li>The forward is one of the taller guys on your team and can either shoot the three but is also big to score down low in the paint. He is faster than the center and usually is the best big man. He is also a very scrappy player. </li></ul>
  26. 27. 5-Center <ul><li>The center is the main guy you want to go to get an easy lay-up. He is the biggest and tallest guy on the team and is usually good at getting rebounds. This is the guy that you usually want at the tip off to get the ball first. </li></ul>