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Disruptive Analysis Enterprise Networks for UK Spectrum Policy Forum


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Presentation given on future enterprise uses of wireless networks, and the need for spectrum access & licensing innovation by regulators. Covers 5G, WiFi & related topcs

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Disruptive Analysis Enterprise Networks for UK Spectrum Policy Forum

  1. 1. Enterprise Networking & Spectrum Licensing Dean Bubley, Disruptive Analysis For the UK Spectrum Policy Forum, September 2018 @disruptivedean Image credits: / Dean Bubley
  2. 2. Dean Bubley & Disruptive Analysis ◼ Tech/telecom analyst & strategic consulting since 1991 ◼ Futurism, Forecasting, Anti-Forecasting, Policy ◼ Cross-silo, contrarian, independent ◼ Often provocative. Sometimes obscure. Occasionally wrong. Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018 Network Tech, Policy & Business Models Communications Apps & Services Telecom-Futurism
  3. 3. Overall story… Policy should reflect complexity & diversity of future enterprise requirements. Can’t be one-size-fits-all monoculture But some use-cases & locations need licensed/protected, enterprise-controlled networks Some “intermediate” approaches, such as managed services, network slicing, MVNOs etc Not all use-cases can be satisfied with licensed/MNO service model, or unlicensed/owned Growing importance of wireless for enterprise: On-site & wide-area IoT, field-workers, voice, visitors Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018
  4. 4. Multiple dimensions for future wireless networks Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018 September 2018 bpd bps Gbps 10m Non- critical Function- critical 90% 99% 99.9% 99.99%Long-life battery Rechargeable battery Mains electricity Generator Harvested Power 3D Coverage Bandwidth Kbps Importance Business- critical Safety- critical Range <1m Mbps And also: Security model Mobility Integration Bi-directional Protocols etc 1km >10km 100m 4G / 5G / LPWA / Satellite Managed spectrum (various models) Wi-Fi etc
  5. 5. Every vertical sector has unique wireless requirements Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018
  6. 6. Not just industrial interest in enterprise cellular Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018 In-room coverage, “unroaming” for guests & “Free 5G” for conference guests All-operator coverage, UC/meeting integration, workgroup/team billing Capacity density, Instant replays via MEC nodes, Content rights protection, VIPs Ultra-low latency, compliance/recording, data sovereignty, private number/addresses Critical comms, 100% coverage in buildings / underground, secure, pre-emption, new IoT Communities, challenging economics, neutral hosts, Government priorities
  7. 7. Added complexity: multiple enterprise owners / users Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018 Location Type Owners / Authorities Tenants / occupants / users Residential (house, apartment block, care home, parking) Owner-occupier, landlord, leaseholder, local authority, housing association Homeowner, family, renters, guests, consumer IoT devices, vehicle Office building or campus Corporate owner, building-as-a-service provider, government, educational Tenant companies, staff, workspace renters, students, visitors / contractors, catering & cleaning, smart-building IoT (eg elevators & coffee machines) Public building (shopping mall, sports stadium, hospital etc) Corporate owner, government authority, health/university body Visitors, staff, contractors, IoT devices (some business/safety-critical), multi- tenant retailers & concessions Industrial facility (oil refinery, factory, wind-farm, power station etc) NB Challenging RF environment (metalwork, interference etc) Corporate owner, contractors Employees, equipment & systems suppliers, safety systems, IoT including safety-critical. Vehicles & transport (bus, train, port, airport, station, tunnel) Government authority, private companies, outsourcers Travellers, staff, contractors, B2B (e.g. airlines, freight forwarders), concessions (eg retail), IoT, govt/safety authorities
  8. 8. MNOs address some verticals/sites/uses, but not all ◼ Limited domain expertise ◼ Coverage challenges, esp rural & indoor ◼ Site access difficulties ◼ Safety / other certification ◼ Data security / ownership ◼ IoT platform integration ◼ Liability issues ◼ Regulatory limits ◼ Commercial model Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018 Also: Network-slicing in 5G solves different (wide-area) problems
  9. 9. Many possible approaches to enterprise networks ◼ Varies by site type (or wide-area), industry, use-case, legal requirements etc ◼ Existing models  Unlicensed spectrum for Wi-Fi or industrial protocols  Existing cellular bands & national MNO providing service  Existing cellular bands with local sub-leasing of spectrum & private network  LPGSM type (guard band) as seen in UK & Netherlands ◼ Potential new models  Shared spectrum – CBRS type, multiple tiers  Shared spectrum – dedicated geo-fenced licenses  Indoor / onsite permission to re-use bands on non-interfere basis (especially mmWave)  Enterprise as full MVNO, or “networkless MNO” + roaming/wholesale deals  Enterprise-managed 5G network slice (details unclear, eg on radio management)  Wi-Fi in licensed/shared band (like 4.9GHz public safety band in US)  Unlicensed cellular (eg MuLTEfire & 5G evolution) Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018
  10. 10. Many “moving parts” to create private 4G/5G networks Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018 Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum IoT / MVNO / MVNE / Slicing platformsSmall Cells, WiFi,MEC, DAS, cabling eSIM & RSP Virtualised Core / Transport Network Cloud OSS / BSS Number ranges & MNCs Roaming & Inter- connect Devices & chipsets Voice, PTT, video, messaging Physical design, integrate & build
  11. 11. Conclusions: various spectrum policy angles & levers ◼ Outcome focus: recognise need for & enable private wireless (esp. cellular)  MNOs can’t do everything. Neither can WiFi. Specialist networks will need spectrum.  Recognise different contexts: in-building, large site, remote location, national etc  These may need different sharing models (CBRS-type, license-exempt indoor mmWave etc)  Extension of existing ISM/unlicensed bands will help for LPWA, next-gen Wi-Fi etc ◼ Certain sectors may need their own dedicated national bands  Rail, power, government/military, maybe vehicles ◼ For national MNO licenses, include additional enterprise-friendly terms  Mandated “full MVNO” access to allow 3rd-party core network integration  Potential for secondary re-use of existing bands, on non-interference basis ◼ Needs joined-up policies alongside wholesale, numbering, neutrality, access to MNC codes, national roaming, spectrum trading/leasing etc.  Enterprises will need more than just spectrum to build/operate networks ◼ Don’t believe the hype & spin about 5G and network-slicing Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018
  12. 12. @disruptivedean Skype:disruptiveanalysis Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018September 2018