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Dean Bubley presentation on enterprise & neutral host models for mobile


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Presentation given by Dean Bubley of Disruptive Analysis at the TechUK Neutral Hosts conference in London on 14th Jan 2019. Covers enterprise & IoT wireless needs, and scope for 3rd parties to obtain spectrum, run networks and act as "reverse MVNOs" for 4G & 5G

Published in: Technology

Dean Bubley presentation on enterprise & neutral host models for mobile

  1. 1. Enterprise Private & Neutral-Host Cellular Dean Bubley, Disruptive Analysis For TechUK, January 2019 @disruptivedean Image credits: / Dean Bubley
  2. 2. Whose Network?
  3. 3. Dean Bubley & Disruptive Analysis  Tech/telecom analyst & strategic consulting since 1991  Futurism, Forecasting, Anti-Forecasting, Policy  Cross-silo, contrarian, independent  Often provocative. Sometimes obscure. Occasionally wrong. Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Network Tech, Policy & Business Models Communications Apps & Services Telecom-Futurism
  4. 4. Overall story… Policy should reflect complexity & diversity of future enterprise requirements. Can’t be one-size-fits-all monoculture – need for new wholesale / neutral-host models But some use-cases & locations need licensed/protected, enterprise-controlled networks Some “intermediate” approaches, such as managed services, network slicing, MVNOs etc Not all use-cases can be satisfied with licensed/MNO service model, or unlicensed/owned Growing importance of wireless for enterprise: On-site & wide-area IoT, field-workers, voice, visitors Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019
  5. 5. Demand for mobile access by many user types January 2019 Sensors & controls (non- mobile, low-power) On/offsite employees & collaboration UC / UCaaS Tenants & Contractors Onsite Mobile IoT Guests & visitors Safety & Security eg push-to-talk Services-based “connected” models Roaming / intl footprint
  6. 6. Multiple dimensions for future wireless networks, 3-10yrs Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018 November 2018 bpd bps Gbps 10m Non- critical Function- critical 90% 99% 99.9% Rural Visitor Customer Tenant Machine Employee User 3D Coverage Bandwidth Kbps Importance Business- critical Safety- critical Range <1m Mbps And also: Vertical Socioeconomic Geopolitical Security model Mobility Integration Bi-directional Protocols Lobbying power 1km >10km 100m Managed spectrum? Biz Model MNO Amenity Community Indoor Unlicensed / shared bands? MVNO Private Decentralised Neutral host Operator Developer
  7. 7. Every vertical sector has unique wireless requirements Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019
  8. 8. Not just industrial interest in enterprise cellular Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 In-room coverage, “unroaming” for guests & “Free 5G” for conference guests All-operator coverage, UC/meeting integration, workgroup/team billing Capacity density, Instant replays via MEC nodes, Content rights protection, VIPs Ultra-low latency, compliance/recording, data sovereignty, private number/addresses Critical comms, 100% coverage in buildings / underground, secure, pre-emption, new IoT Communities, challenging economics, neutral hosts, Government priorities
  9. 9. Added complexity: multiple enterprise owners / users Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Location Type Owners / Authorities Tenants / occupants / users Residential (house, apartment block, care home, parking) Owner-occupier, landlord, leaseholder, local authority, housing association Homeowner, family, renters, guests, consumer IoT devices, vehicle Office building or campus Corporate owner, building-as-a-service provider, government, educational Tenant companies, staff, workspace renters, students, visitors / contractors, catering & cleaning, smart-building IoT (eg elevators & coffee machines) Public building (shopping mall, sports stadium, hospital etc) Corporate owner, government authority, health/university body Visitors, staff, contractors, IoT devices (some business/safety-critical), multi- tenant retailers & concessions Industrial facility (oil refinery, factory, wind-farm, power station etc) NB Challenging RF environment (metalwork, interference etc) Corporate owner, contractors Employees, equipment & systems suppliers, safety systems, IoT including safety-critical. Vehicles & transport (bus, train, port, airport, station, tunnel) Government authority, private companies, outsourcers Travellers, staff, contractors, B2B (e.g. airlines, freight forwarders), concessions (eg retail), IoT, govt/safety authorities
  10. 10. Enterprise and “verticals” are multi-faceted Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Vertical sector Oppo’s for 5G ultra-low latency, high QoS Opportunity for 5G massive IoT, LPWA Oppo’s for new niche MNOs & private 5G Smart cities Sports & entertainment Utilities Manufacturing Agriculture Automotive Rail/air transport Public safety Property dvlpt / offices
  11. 11. MNOs address some verticals/sites/uses, but not all  Limited domain expertise  Coverage challenges, esp rural & indoor  Site access difficulties  Safety / other certification  Data security / ownership  IoT platform integration  Liability issues  Regulatory limits  Commercial model Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Also: Network-slicing in 5G solves different (wide-area) problems
  12. 12. Need for micro-M(V)NOs – but what spectrum / biz model?  Niche MVNO  Shared: CBRS type, multiple tiers  Shared: Geo-fenced licenses  Nationwide Industry 4.0 band  Indoor / onsite license-exempt  MNO: managed local “slice”  MNO: leased spectrum  Private core / slice (or SliceVNO)  Secondary re-use (non-interfere)  Wi-Fi in licensed/shared band  Unlicensed cellular Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Power station Car factory Airport Oil refinery Port Offshore windfarm Precision farming Smart City Village
  13. 13. Many options for enterprise / private networks & MVNOs Private Wi-Fi & LPWAN Enterprise- focused MVNO Enterprise own MVNO MNO custom network slice MNO 3rd party network slice SliceaaS Enterprise / vertical private core network 3rd-party Neutral Host mobile network Enterprise private mobile network Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Plus many hybrids & variations (eg spectrum / asset ownership, outsourcing) Voice / UC centric IoT centric
  14. 14. Multiple backgrounds to “neutral host” & sharing providers Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Industry vertical specialists Managed WiFi operators Community & municipal networks Property companies & investors Advertising & phone- booth co’s Network equipment providers Tower Co’s Fixed / cable operators Cellular DAS operators Venue owners
  15. 15. Many “moving parts” for private/neutral 4G/5G networks Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019 Shared & Unlicensed Spectrum IoT / MVNO / MVNE / Slicing platforms Small Cells, WiFi, cabling eSIM & RSP Virtualised Core / Transport Network Cloud OSS / BSS & edge- compute Number ranges & MNCs Roaming & Inter- connect Devices & chipsets Voice, PTT, video, messaging Physical design, integrate & build For example, how will realtime charging, bundled content, voice calls or network slicing work while a user roams onto a neutral host?
  16. 16. Conclusion: multiple neutral & private models needed  Outcome focus: recognise need for & enable private wireless (esp. cellular)  MNOs can’t do everything. Neither can WiFi. Specialist networks will need spectrum.  Recognise different contexts: in-building, large site, remote location, national etc  These may need different sharing models (CBRS-type, secondary-license indoor etc)  Extension of existing ISM/unlicensed bands will help for LPWA, next-gen Wi-Fi etc  Neutral host is an important part of this mix  Many variations of NHN are possible  Commercial & IT practicalities may be much harder than expected  Radio might be the easy part, compared to services & commercial arrangements  Unrealistic for MNOs to negotiate with many single-location NH’s  Needs joined-up policies alongside wholesale, numbering, neutrality, access to MNC codes, national roaming, spectrum trading/leasing etc.  Enterprises will need more than just spectrum to build/operate networks  Don’t believe the hype & spin about 5G and network-slicing as being a cure-all Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2019January 2019
  17. 17. @disruptivedean Skype:disruptiveanalysis Copyright Disruptive Analysis Ltd 2018January 2019