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Foundations of Islam


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Foundations of Islam

  1. 1. The Foundations of Islam Text pages 116-117
  2. 2. RecapWhat role did Islam play in the Middle East?Answer: The Arab world would not have expandedwithout Islam- It was the Arab Muslims that carried Arabic traditionsand languages
  3. 3. What is Islam? Islam means: “submission to the will of God.” Islam followers: Muslims Monotheistic 610 C.E. the prophet Muhammad received a revelation from the angel Gabriel  Muhammad recorded these revelations in the Qur’an  Qur’an writings describe God’s powers and expectations, Judgment Day, etc.
  4. 4. Who was Muhammad? Born 570 C.E. in Mecca (a great trading city) Came for a poor family Became a skilled trader and manager
  5. 5. The Qur’an Muslims accept the Qur’an as the word of God Cannot be changed Includes commandments and parables Religious beliefs, religious duties, and good works are important elements of Islam Other literature:  hadith based on what Muhammad said and did  Shows Muslims how a Muslim should live and behave  Sharia Islamic law
  6. 6. Five Pillars Pillars of faith: duties that a Muslim must follow First- a person openly declare his or her faith Second- Muslims pray often to Allah (custom is 5 times a day) Third- charity Fourth- fasting (during daylight hours during month of Ramadan) Fifth- pilgrimage to Mecca hadj at least once
  7. 7. Five Pillars Considered important for the soul, but also serve other purposes  Brings Muslim community together  Reminds them to help others
  8. 8. Quiz (ish) Surprise!!!!Don’t worry… it’s a quiz for candy, not marks.
  9. 9. Question 1 What role did Islam play in the Arab world?
  10. 10. Question 2 How did Islam come into existence?
  11. 11. Question 3 What is the Qur’an?
  12. 12. Question 4 What are Islam’s Five Pillars?
  13. 13. Question 5 Name the Five Pillars?