Eventsupto wwii


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Eventsupto wwii

  1. 1. WWIIThe events leading up to the Second World War
  2. 2. 1. Treaty of VersaillesThe part of the Paris peace that affected Germany was the Treaty of Versailles.• Treaty is insulting and sews seeds of discontent: – Section 231 (war guilt clause) – Limited military and occupation – Crippling reparation payments – Territory reductions Compliments of Mr. Marshall
  3. 3. 2. The Great Depression• Pre-Depression stresses on the German economy• The different responses to depression in CDA, USA, GER, USSR and how ability to war was affected. Compliments of Mr. Marshall
  4. 4. 4. The Rise of Fascism1. Italy Black Shirts2. Japan3. Germany Brown Shirts4. Spain Compliments of Mr. Marshall
  5. 5. 4. Ineffective League1. JAPAN a) Manchuria 19312. ITALY: Mussolini a) Abyssinia, 19353. SPAIN: Franco4. GERMANY: Hitler a) Rearming 1933 b) Rhineland 1936 c) Austria 1938 See pg. 96 d) Czechoslovakia 1938, 1939 e) Kristallnacht 1938 f) Poland 1939 Compliments of Mr. Marshall
  6. 6. Global Tensions• Germany and Italy felt cheated by Treaty of Versailles• Japan largely run by the military- imperialistic designs (want to enlarge their empire)• Rise of totalitarianism – Germany (Adolf Hitler, “Fuhrer”) – Italy (Benito Mussolini “Il Duce”) – Soviet Union (Josef Stalin “the man of steel”)
  7. 7. Totalitarianism• One leader with absolute power• One ideology allowed• Secret police• Zero opposition• Censorship and propoganda=total control
  8. 8. Fascism• Opposed to democracy• Extreme nationalism• Rely on military and police to maintain complete control• Focus on the people as whole, not the idividual
  9. 9. Nazi Germany• Totalitarian state• 1933-1939: Nuremburg Lawsi. Jews had to wear the Star of David at all times. ii. Jews lost their professional careers and their property. iii. Jews could in no way mingle with the German population. iv. Jews lost their citizenship• human rights abolished• Gestapo became all powerful• Germany began rapid re-militarization (re-building military)
  10. 10. 1938• 1938 - Hitler “annexes” Austria – Hitler threatens to invade Czechoslovakia – “re-claims” the Sudentenland (German speaking) - GB PM Neville Chamberlain agrees not to interfere - believes “appeasement” will guarantee “peace in our time”• US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt promises the US willprotect Canada if we are ever threatened
  11. 11. 1939• Germano-Soviet Pact signed between Hitler and Stalin ** they agreed not to invade each other ** Hitler breaks this pact in 1940• appeasement fails - Hitler invades Czechoslovakia• September 1 - Hitler invades Poland ** Poland is allied with Great Britain• September 3 - GB declares war on Germany
  12. 12. Canada enters- 1939• September 10 - Canada declares war on Germany ** Canada’s PM, William Lyon Mackenzie King is a cautious man who does not want to go to war **entering the war is debated in the House of Commons** War Measures Actput into place** Wartime Prices and Trade Boardput into place - to control prices - avoid debt and profiteering
  13. 13. October 1939• October 1939 - April 1940 - “the phony war” - war moves very slowly• in April the full force of the German attack is felt - “blitzkrieg” (lightening war)
  14. 14. Axis• Germany• Italy• Japan*Not exhaustive
  15. 15. Allies• Great Britain• France• Canada• United States*not exhaustive
  16. 16. Terms• Totalitarianism• Gestapo• appeasement