Building the Digital Commons -
Open Cultural Data
A not-for-proﬁt organisation, promoting openness in all its forms.
"From sonnets to statistics, genes to geo-data”
We build tools and communities to create, use and share open
knowledge, content and data that everyone can use, share and build on.
CKAN is an open source data portal
software that makes it easy to publish,
share and ﬁnd data.
CKAN features dozens of governments'
data portals including United Kingdom,
Brazil, USA, Finland, Germany and ...
Open Spending is an open source
software to visualise and help citizens
better understand how their tax-money
is being spend.
Open Spending features the budget and
spending data from dozens of
Governments from around the world to
become more transparent.
Open Knowledge Festival
Oken Knowledge Conference
Open Data Camp
Open Data Day
20k in prizes for apps, ideas, data
430 entries from
24 EU Member States
+ 400 participants from
+ 40 countries
+ 6 Tracks + 40 sessions
Chapters: UK, Germany,Austria, Belgium, Greece and Switzerland
Local groups: Finland, Brazil, Spain, Czech Republic, Italy,Australia,
Netherlands, India, South Africa, Bosnia and ...
While information is becoming abundant,
access remains limited.
Apple ≠ Knowledge
If I share an apple with you, both of us will have half an
apple. If I share knowledge with you we will both have the
What are the Commons?
“Resources accessible to all members of a society”
What is the Digital
"An information and knowledge resources that are
collectively created and owned or shared between or
among a community and that is, be (generally freely)
available to third parties.Thus, they are oriented to favor
use and reuse, rather than to exchange as a commodity.”-
Mayo Fuster Morell on Wikipedia
The premises of the
Non Excludable Non Rivalrous
Digital artifacts can be curated, remixed, annotated by anyone
Open Data is a concept of openness (similar to open
source, open content, open access, etc) applied to data.
“A piece of data or content is open if anyone is free to use,
reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the
requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.”
- www. opendeﬁnition.org
Open Government Data
Open Government Data has become a major trend in
public administration. It’s a precondition for Open
Government principles, such as: transparency, participation
Open Cultural Data
Cultural institutions making digitized artifacts and metadata
available on the internet, for everybody to reuse and build
"Enable access to everyone who wants to do research"
- British Library, Our Mission and 2020Vision
"Our core values are: accessibility, sustainability, innovation and cooperation."
-National Library of the Netherlands, Our Mission andVision
"To provide diverse audiences with the best quality experience and optimum access to
our collections, physically and digitally."
- theVictoria & Albert Museum, Mission and Objectives
"The Federal Archives have the legal responsibility of permanently preserving the federal
archival documents and making them available for use."
- German Federal Archives - Responsibilities
The National Gallery of Denmark is Denmark’s premier museum of art.Through
Accessibility, education, and exhibition
- Danish National Gallery - Mission
Why openness matters
to Cultural Institutions
• Helping GLAMs fulﬁll their public mission
• Larger audience
• Allow the audiences to participate
• Connect and contextualize collections
• Keep memory institutions relevant in a Digital Age
• Volunteers &
• 9.000.000 media ﬁles
• Various Licenses
• Volunteer driven
• Collaboration with
• 17.000.000 media ﬁles
• Clear licensing
• ‘European Identity’
• 28.000.000 records
• 2600 Institutions
• Link to Institution
Digital Public Library
• 2.500.000 records
• 200 Institutions
• Link to Institution
• 30.000.000 metadata records
• 25.000.000 open media ﬁles
• More is coming! Less than 10% digitized at the
• Worries about the misuse of data and content
• Legal uncertainties: licensing, orphan works
• Technical challenges: standards, tools
• Concerns over lost revenue streams
• Attraction of private schemes that lockdown heritage
Galleries, Libraries, Archives and Museums
Digital content or data that is free to use, re-
use and re-distribute without technical or
• A global network of
and people who work to
get content and data from
available for anybody to
access, re-use and enjoy
2. Clear IP rights
Clear intellectual property rights & apply an open license
3. Make it accessible
Publish content on the internet
4. Make it discoverable
Enhance your content so it can be easily discovered: open
standards, metadata, improved search, search engine
optimization, specialized data catalog software, RDF
standards, publish as Linked Open Data.
Top-down approaches to set rules and regulations.
Citizens, civil society organizations, science and private
sector can make a case by creating innovations build on
freely available open cultural data.
Pioneering GLAM institutions can engage and demonstrate
the beneﬁts of opening up content to others through
successful initiatives and best practice.
Visitors and users can actively contribute to aspects of GLAM
collections: Curation, enrichment and improvement, or
provide content for new collections.
Curating the Commons
Users and Experts work hand-in-hand to create & curate the
21st Century GLAM
• It remains:
• The key preserver of our shared cultural heritage
• An authoritative source of information and expertise
about their collections
• Curate, contextualize and tell stories about their
21st Century GLAM
• It stands to gain:
• An audience far beyond the wildest dreams of its ﬁrst
• Connections to other collections that contextualize
stories about its objects
• A closer connection to its audience (and the
improvements to its digital collections that come with
Open Knowledge Foundation, www.okfn.org
Daniel Dietrich, email@example.com @ddie
open Glam, www.openglam.org, @OpenGLAM
Topic Report: Open Data in Cultural Heritage