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Second Language Modifications


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Second Language Modifications

  1. 1. Instructional modifications for Second Language Learners HELPING STUDENTS HELP THEMSELVES
  2. 2. 1. Vocabulary <ul><li>Specialized vocabulary should be selected and pre-taught. </li></ul><ul><li>Students should keep a personal glossary/ notebook of definitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction should simplify the vocabulary. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Use visuals and supports <ul><li>Models, toys, banners, flipcharts, </li></ul><ul><li>presentations, video, posters, drawings, graphic organizers, flash cards, vocabulary lists </li></ul><ul><li>Provide hands-on activities, demonstrate don’t explain. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Instructions <ul><li>Give clear instructions. Sequential and with visuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce oral instructions and give clear guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Allow students time for questions and to process instructions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Note taking / Review <ul><li>Highlight key terms and concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a chart or post in class key concepts for constant review </li></ul><ul><li>Provide notes and summaries for students to study and for reference </li></ul>
  6. 6. Language <ul><li>Simplify language, avoid complex sentences or language </li></ul><ul><li>Pause often and raise voice to emphasize </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid “teacher talk” </li></ul><ul><li>Check for comprehension orally </li></ul>
  7. 7. Non-verbal cues <ul><li>Use body language, gestures, facial expressions, mime, to convey meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware that some “expression” may convey a negative meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide concrete examples of concepts to students. Relate one thing to another. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Time management <ul><li>Allow more time for student response. Students should prepare answers, brainstorm, in advance. </li></ul><ul><li>Give more time for projects, learning, completion of exercises. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Provide support <ul><li>Dictionaries, online materials for review, simple encyclopedias, leveled reading, out of class tutoring/help, internet reference, parental help </li></ul><ul><li>Give more time for student face to face help in non-class time. </li></ul><ul><li>Work closely with student language instructors </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assessment / Testing <ul><li>Test for content knowledge / ability NOT </li></ul><ul><li>language ability. </li></ul><ul><li>Use more visuals, simplify the testing. Give tests orally for younger learners, lower levels. </li></ul><ul><li>Give more time to complete tests. </li></ul>
  11. 11. References <ul><li>English as a Second Language, Resource Guide K-8 (2001), Ontario Ministry of Education, Curriculum Guidelines. Pgs 16-20 </li></ul>