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Inductive Learning Teaching

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Inductive Learning Teaching

  1. 1. Inductive Learning Free powerpoints at http://www.worldofteaching.com
  2. 2. Learning by Discovery <ul><li>&quot;an approach to instruction through which students interact with their environment-by exploring and manipulating objects, wrestling with questions and controversies, or performing experiments&quot; (Ormrod, 1995, p. 442) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sandbox theory
  4. 4. Sandbox theory <ul><li>Students learn through active discovery - experimentation, </li></ul><ul><li>examination and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>NOT </li></ul><ul><li>direct instruction </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jerome Bruner <ul><li>we should somehow give to children (students) a respect for their own powers of thinking, for their power to generate good questions, to come up with interesting informed guesses ... </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples <ul><li>Categorization Surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Webquests Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments Collecting </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Research </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example <ul><li>Problem based learning </li></ul><ul><li>“Why can birds fly?” </li></ul><ul><li>Well designed questions are the key to good “discovery” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Deduction - step by step
  9. 9. How are they different? Induction - ? = Eureka!
  10. 10. What’s the difference? I know. I understand. vs
  11. 11. Knowing <ul><li>RECALL </li></ul><ul><li>RETAIN </li></ul><ul><li>REPEAT </li></ul>KCAASE – Bloom’s Taxonomy
  12. 12. Understanding <ul><li>Explain </li></ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss </li></ul>KCAASE – Bloom’s Taxonomy
  13. 13. Learning As…… <ul><li>A process </li></ul><ul><li>A self – empowering process </li></ul><ul><li>An active process (Dewey) </li></ul><ul><li>A self-monitoring process </li></ul><ul><li>A deep process (Piaget) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prerequisites Prior knowledge collaboration Process Guidance Publication
  15. 16. <ul><li>Students need some prior </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge so they can </li></ul><ul><li>“ discover”. </li></ul><ul><li>- See Vygotsky. </li></ul><ul><li>“ on the shoulders of giants” </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Students need structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide students with organizers and steps to enable “discovery” </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Discovery is a collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>process. Students need to practice working in groups and be comfortable with it. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>The teacher “leads” the students with appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>suggestions and tasks. Subtle </li></ul><ul><li>persuasion! </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>All students should actively </li></ul><ul><li>present findings and share their discovery. Consolidate! </li></ul>
  20. 22. http://eflclassroom.ning.com

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