Debate For Efl Classrooms


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Debate For Efl Classrooms

  1. 1. Teaching Debate in the EFL Classroom
  2. 2. Brainstorm <ul><li>Why would teaching debate in an EFL classroom be beneficial? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why teach debate? <ul><li>Debating ability is a valuable skill </li></ul><ul><li>Debate utilizes useful English </li></ul><ul><li>It is a unique way to teach the same grammar </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why…continued <ul><li>Develops critical thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Introduces global issues </li></ul><ul><li>Develops research skills </li></ul>
  5. 5. Class Objectives <ul><li>Students should understand how and be able to share their opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Students should become more aware of global and cross-cultural issues </li></ul><ul><li>Students should gain critical thinking skills </li></ul>
  6. 6. Objectives continued… <ul><li>Students should gain experience in research </li></ul><ul><li>Students should increase there knowledge and comprehension of written and spoken English </li></ul>
  7. 7. How we teach - Baby Steps <ul><li>Unit 1 - Opinions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is an opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you express your opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you express agreement of disagreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolutions: fact, policy, value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debate in the news </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unit 2 - Expressing Your Opinion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Giving reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong reasons: logical, specific, convincing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of reasons: comparison, contrast, cause-and-effect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Baby steps continued… <ul><li>Unit 3 - Supporting Your Opinion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opinion - Reason - Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of support: explanation, example, statistic, expert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intro to research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unit 4 - Organizing Your Opinion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signposts: label your arguments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing an affirmative speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple debate introductions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple debate conclusions </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Baby steps continued… <ul><li>Unit 5 - Refutation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refuting opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of refutation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not True: never, not always, not necessarily </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>True but Not Important: not relevant, not significant, easy to solve </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stating a refutation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unit 6 - Challenging Supports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing supports: no source, not enough explanation, out-of-date, questionable statistic, questionable source, biased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stating refutation of a source </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Baby steps continued… <ul><li>Unit 7 - Organizing Your Refutation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizing the negative case </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen, Attack, Rebuild </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refutation format </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unit 8 - Debating Your Opinion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Debate formats (we recommend three on three debates) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responding to attacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuttal speeches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debate delivery </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Our Success
  12. 12. So, you don’t have the ideal situation <ul><li>Incorporating debate into the regular EFL classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mini Debates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Four Corners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking Cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading Critically (newspapers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing Opinions - strong reasons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merry-Go-Round </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Brainstorm <ul><li>How can you incorporate debate into your classroom? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Useful Links… <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> debates/index.html </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Adapted from a presentation by </li></ul><ul><li>Mandy Manning </li></ul><ul><li>& </li></ul><ul><li>Tomoko Nakamura </li></ul>