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The Dynamics of GrowthChapter 12
Context• Jacksonian political debate between ideals of democracy and laissez-faire economic policy and federalist national...
Agriculture and the National Economy• Cotton• Farming the west
America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyPopulation Density, 1820
America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyPopulation Density, 1860
America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyTransportation West, About 1840
Transportation, Communication, and theMarket Revolution• Railroads• Ocean transportation• The role of government
America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyThe Growth of Railroads, 1860
The Industrial Revolution• Early textile manufactures• American technology• The Lowell system
Immigration• The Irish• Prolonged depression in Ireland• Most densely populated country in Europe• Average age at death 19...
Immigration• Nativism• Fear of immigrants• Fear of Roman Catholic takeover• Lyman Beecher• Congregationalist minister• Ant...
Organized Labor• Early unions• ―Combination to raise wages‖ illegal• Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842)—forming a trade union is ...
His 121 chapter 12 the dynamics of growth
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His 121 chapter 12 the dynamics of growth

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His 121 chapter 12 the dynamics of growth

  1. 1. The Dynamics of GrowthChapter 12
  2. 2. Context• Jacksonian political debate between ideals of democracy and laissez-faire economic policy and federalist nationalism and elitist traditionoccurred in the context of profound changes in American social andeconomic life.• Between 1815 and 1850• United States became a transcontinental power• Industrial Revolution in the North reshaped region’s economy and propelled anunrelenting process of urbanization• West: Commercial agriculture based on surplus of corn, wheat, cattle• South: Cotton is king –expansion and entrenchment of slavery• Technology and transportation• Contestogas• Canals• Steamboats• Railroads
  3. 3. Agriculture and the National Economy• Cotton• Farming the west
  4. 4. America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyPopulation Density, 1820
  5. 5. America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyPopulation Density, 1860
  6. 6. America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyTransportation West, About 1840
  7. 7. Transportation, Communication, and theMarket Revolution• Railroads• Ocean transportation• The role of government
  8. 8. America, 8th EditionCopyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & CompanyThe Growth of Railroads, 1860
  9. 9. The Industrial Revolution• Early textile manufactures• American technology• The Lowell system
  10. 10. Immigration• The Irish• Prolonged depression in Ireland• Most densely populated country in Europe• Average age at death 19• 1850: Irish accounted for 43% of immigrant population in U.S.• Industrial workers• Domestics• Roman Catholics• No Irish Need Apply• The Germans and other immigrants• German Immigration in 1854 = 215,000• 1/3 Roman Catholic; 2/3 Protestant (mostly Lutheran)• Rural settlements; family immigration• Farmers. Shopkeepers, skilled workers• Other Immigrant groups• English• Scandinavia• Chinese
  11. 11. Immigration• Nativism• Fear of immigrants• Fear of Roman Catholic takeover• Lyman Beecher• Congregationalist minister• Anti-immigrant sermons• Violent riots in Cincinnati, Boston, Philadelphia• American Party• Know-Nothings• Never vote for a foreign born or Roman Catholic Candidate• Mid-term Elections of 1854: swept legislatures in New England, New York and Maryland• Exclusion of immigrants and Roman Catholics from holding elected office• Extension of naturalization period from 5 to 21 years• Immigrant labor
  12. 12. Organized Labor• Early unions• ―Combination to raise wages‖ illegal• Commonwealth v. Hunt (1842)—forming a trade union is not illegal; workersmay strike if employer hires non-union labor• Labor politics• Local• Workingmen’s parties• February 22, 1860 Shoemaker strike• 25 towns in Massachusetts• 20,000 workers• Wage increased

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