His 102 chapter 26 the second world war part ii

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WWII, strategic bombing, atomic bomb

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His 102 chapter 26 the second world war part ii

  1. 1. Chapter 26 “It was a denial of God. It was a denial of man. It was the destruction of the world in miniature form.” -Auschwitz Survivor Hugo Gryn
  2. 2. War demanded massive resources and a national commitment  Rationing  Production  Propaganda campaigns encouraged the production of war equipment  Patriotism, communal interests, and a common stake in winning the war
  3. 3. War demanded massive resources and a national commitment  Production  Allies built tanks, ships, and airplanes by the tens of thousands  U.S. Britain and Soviets had more resources and people available for wartime production  Mobilization of women  Long work shifts  Germany was less efficient in the use of workers and resources  Germany and Japan robbed occupied territories of resources
  4. 4. New targets  Centers of industry as military targets  American and British strategic bombing  For the British, a war of retribution  For the Americans, grinding down Germany without sacrificing too many Allied lives  The Dresden firebombing
  5. 5. Dresden, Germany C. 1910
  6. 6. Dresden, March, 1945
  7. 7. Dresden
  8. 8. Dresden
  9. 9. The Nazi penetration of the Soviet Union The siege of Leningrad The Eastern Front  Changes in the character of war  War to save the Russian motherland (rodina)—the Russian will to survive  Victory during the “General Winter”—took its toll on Nazi supplies
  10. 10. The Eastern Front  Changes in the character of war  Astonishing recovery of Soviet army  Whole industries were rebuilt  Soviets found the Blitzkrieg predictable
  11. 11. The Eastern Front  The turning point—1943  Germans aimed an all-out assault on Stalingrad  Drawn into bitter house-to-house fighting with Soviet snipers  Stalingrad destroyed  With supplies low, the Russian armies surrounded the Germans in the city  January 1943: German surrender of Stalingrad
  12. 12. 23 August 1942 – 2 February, 1943 Casualty estimates as high As 2,000,000.
  13. 13. The Eastern Front  Soviet offensives  Kursk (1943)  Six thousand tanks and 2 million men in battle lasting six weeks  German army was crushed  Ukraine back in Soviet hands, Romania knocked out of the war  Soviet victories in Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia
  14. 14. The Western Front  Stalin pressured the Allies to open a second front in the West  The Allied invasion of Sicily  Mussolini surrendered in summer 1943  The Normandy invasion (June 6, 1944)  The liberation of Paris (August 14, 1944)  The Battle of the Bulge (December 1944)
  15. 15. Storming “Fortress Europe.”
  16. 16. The Western Front  Allies crossed the Rhine in April 1945  Germans preferred to surrender to the Americans or British rather than face the Russians  Soviets entered Berlin on April 21, 1945  Hitler committed suicide in his bunker beneath the Chancellery on April 30, 1945  Germany surrendered unconditionally on May 7
  17. 17. “Raising the Red Flag Over the Reichstag, ” Evgeny Khaldei, May 1, 1945
  18. 18. The war in the Pacific  British, Indian, and Nepalese troops liberated Rangoon (Burma)  Australians recaptured Dutch East Indies  Okinawa fell to the Americans (June 1945)  Chinese communists and nationalists pushed the Japanese back on Hong Kong
  19. 19. The war in the Pacific  Soviet forces marched through Manchuria to Korea  United States, Britain, and China called on Japan to surrender or be destroyed on July 26  B-29s began systematic bombing of Japanese cities  Japan refused to surrender
  20. 20. The race to build the bomb  Nuclear fission and the chain reaction  British passed technical information on to American scientists  The Manhattan Project  Managing the effort to build an American atomic bomb
  21. 21. The race to build the bomb  Los Alamos, New Mexico (1943)  Laboratory that brought together most capable nuclear physicists  J. Robert Oppenheimer (1904–1967) placed in charge of the project  First atomic test on July 16, 1945, near Los Alamos
  22. 22. The war in the Pacific  The decision to drop the bomb  Was it necessary? Japan had already been beaten  Harry Truman  August 6, 1945: Hiroshima, August 9: Nagasaki  Japan surrendered unconditionally on August 14, 1945
  23. 23. The Atom Bomb
  24. 24. A new world ravaged by war Mass killing Technology, genocide, and global war
  25. 25. Estimated 50-70 million total deaths  Military Casualties 22-25 million  Civilian casualties 38-55 million Deaths by Country  USSR: 22-26 million  Germany: 7-9 million  Japan: 2-3 million  Poland: 5.6- 5.8 million  China: 10-20 million  France: 567,600  Britain: 450,900  United States: 418,500 (
  26. 26. Nazi Manifesto, Documents of the International Military Tribunal for Germany, Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Vol. 4, Avalon Project at Yale Law School, http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/nca_v4men u.asp German Soldiers leading Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto during the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_ph.php?ModuleI d=10005188&MediaId=734 WWII War Deaths by Alliance. Wikimedia Commons,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:WorldWarII-DeathsByAlliance- Piechart.png

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