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Investigation Division                Deputy Chief                  David Jones(775) 684-7427djones@dps.state.nv.us
“BATH SALTS”Schedule I in Nevada (NAC 453.310)–   Chemicals found in bath Salts are    Synthetic derivatives of Cathinone,...
Brand NamesCloud Nine         Blue SilkIvory Wave         Lunar WaveVanilla Sky        Pure IvoryWhite Lightening   DroneS...
Methods of Ingestion Snorting Orally Injection Smoking
Affects CNS Stimulant –   Rapid Heart rate –   Chest Pains –   Nosebleeds –   Sweating –   Nausea –   Vomiting
Affects Agitation       Depression Insomnia        Paranoia Irritability    Delusions Dizziness       Suicidal Thoughts Se...
Bath Salt Zombies?
Munnsville, New York – Pamela McCarthy was running nakedand possibly high on bath salts. She was punching and choking     ...
July 05, 2012Lilburn, Georgia – Karl Laventure, (21)  appeared out of the woods and was seen  running naked around a golf ...
July 05, 2012 Louisiana - Carl Jacquneaux, high on bath  salts, arrested after he bit off a piece of  his neighbor’s cheek...
July 17, 2012Atlanta, GA - Matthew Hammond (21) waswalking around with a knife saying he’sgoing to hurt somebody. Police a...
SPICESchedule I in NevadaSynthetic Cannabinoid compounds –   Labled “Not for Human Consumption” –   Sold as “Incense” –   ...
Professor J. W. Huffman Organic Chemistry Professor Clemson University Started Research in 1984 Huffman’s team developed 4...
Professor J. W. Huffman  During an interview, he is attributed to  saying the following about the  consumption of his comp...
False Advertising Labels on Spice products often claim that they contain “natural” psycho- active material taken from a va...
Synthetic MarijuanaSynthetic Marijuana is made byblending plants and herbs includingdamiana leaf, bay bean, blue lotus,and...
SymptomsRapid Heart Rate   HallucinationsVomiting           Raised BPAgitation          Reduced BloodConfusion          Su...
Methods of Ingestion Smoking Mixed with Marijuana Prepared as an Herbal Infusion for Drinking
Popular With Young People
SPICE RAGEWaco, TX – Michael Daniel, on Synthetic Marijuana (K-2) chases  neighbor, then brutally kills and eats dog. When...
Fallon Incident07/16/11 Renee Camarillo lived through aparents worst nightmare on July 4 whenshe discovered two of her chi...
DISTRIBUTIONSold over the internetIn Convenience StoresHead Shops
NV Schedule 1Substances May 5, 2011 and February 28, 2012 the following 11 trade name cannabiniod “spice” substances were ...
NV Schedule 1Cathinones Effective February 15, 2012, six synthetic cathinones, referred to as “bath salts” were added to S...
Drug Abuse Prevention Actof 2012 (Section 1152) In an attempt to broaden the scope of synthetic substances included as Sch...
Law EnforcementChallenges Limited Presumptive field test kits Lab verification of substances before arrests Extreme volume...
Law EnforcementChallenges False Labeling Potential return of produce from search warrants False Manufacturer lab analysis ...
Criminal Case Development Document sales price and weights Location of product in the store Sales method (cash only) Sale ...
Criminal Case Development Solicited conversation from the owner/clerk about the best product (highs, side effects, illness...
What Can We DO?Report suspected synthetic productsales to law enforcementTraining and Education withemphasis in our school...
What Can We Do?Business Licensing RestrictionsCity OrdinancesMedia exposure to educate aboutillegal status and health risks
Questions
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  1. 1. Investigation Division Deputy Chief David Jones(775) 684-7427djones@dps.state.nv.us
  2. 2. “BATH SALTS”Schedule I in Nevada (NAC 453.310)– Chemicals found in bath Salts are Synthetic derivatives of Cathinone, a chemical naturally found in the Khat plant.Mephedrone and MDPV (3-4methylene-dioxypyrovalerone) mostcommon Cathinones in Bath Salts
  3. 3. Brand NamesCloud Nine Blue SilkIvory Wave Lunar WaveVanilla Sky Pure IvoryWhite Lightening DroneStardust DiabloRed Dove White Dove
  4. 4. Methods of Ingestion Snorting Orally Injection Smoking
  5. 5. Affects CNS Stimulant – Rapid Heart rate – Chest Pains – Nosebleeds – Sweating – Nausea – Vomiting
  6. 6. Affects Agitation Depression Insomnia Paranoia Irritability Delusions Dizziness Suicidal Thoughts Seizures Panic Attacks Impaired Reduced Motor Perception of Control Reality
  7. 7. Bath Salt Zombies?
  8. 8. Munnsville, New York – Pamela McCarthy was running nakedand possibly high on bath salts. She was punching and choking her son. Husband takes child and runs away while Pamela takes off her clothes and begins chasing them. McCarthy got a hold of one of her dogs and began rolling around on the ground with her legs wrapped around it strangling the dog. Officers attempted to cuff her, butshe resisted. They tried using pepper spray to subdue her, but it had no effect, so they tased her. McCarthy went into cardiac arrest and later died at the hospital.
  9. 9. July 05, 2012Lilburn, Georgia – Karl Laventure, (21) appeared out of the woods and was seen running naked around a golf range near Atlanta, swinging a club around his head and screaming. High on bath salts, he tried to attack officers. It took several officers to subdue the man who had ‘super-human strength’. Officers tased him over 6 times. When subdued, he began threatening to eat the faces of the officers.
  10. 10. July 05, 2012 Louisiana - Carl Jacquneaux, high on bath salts, arrested after he bit off a piece of his neighbor’s cheek.Altoona, Pennsylvania – Carla Murphy, stripped down naked in the maternity ward, assaulted hospital staff and tried to bite a police officer while in a drug- induced rampage after smoking bath salts.
  11. 11. July 17, 2012Atlanta, GA - Matthew Hammond (21) waswalking around with a knife saying he’sgoing to hurt somebody. Police arrive andMathew approaches vehicle with FECES inhis mouth, challenging the officers.Matthew admitted that he had smokedmarijuana, drank alcohol and snorted “alot” of bath salts
  12. 12. SPICESchedule I in NevadaSynthetic Cannabinoid compounds – Labled “Not for Human Consumption” – Sold as “Incense” – Closely Resembles Potpourri
  13. 13. Professor J. W. Huffman Organic Chemistry Professor Clemson University Started Research in 1984 Huffman’s team developed 450 compounds
  14. 14. Professor J. W. Huffman During an interview, he is attributed to saying the following about the consumption of his compounds:“It’s like playing Russian roulette because we don’t have toxicity data, we don’t know the metabolites, and we don’t know the pharmacokinetics.”
  15. 15. False Advertising Labels on Spice products often claim that they contain “natural” psycho- active material taken from a variety of plants. Spice products do contain dried plant material, but chemical analyses show that their active ingredients are synthetic (or designer) cannabinoid compounds.
  16. 16. Synthetic MarijuanaSynthetic Marijuana is made byblending plants and herbs includingdamiana leaf, bay bean, blue lotus,and red clover. These ingredients aresprayed with a chemical that gives itits marijuana-like effects in the brain.
  17. 17. SymptomsRapid Heart Rate HallucinationsVomiting Raised BPAgitation Reduced BloodConfusion Supply to HeartHeart Attack
  18. 18. Methods of Ingestion Smoking Mixed with Marijuana Prepared as an Herbal Infusion for Drinking
  19. 19. Popular With Young People
  20. 20. SPICE RAGEWaco, TX – Michael Daniel, on Synthetic Marijuana (K-2) chases neighbor, then brutally kills and eats dog. When neighbors tried to intervene Daniel got down on his hands and knees and “began barking and growling like a dog”. As horrified witnesses watched, Daniel allegedly turned his drug-fuelled rage to a dog – beating, choking and then ripping pieces of flesh away and eating them. Police found Daniel sitting on the front porch with the dogs carcass on his lap and blood and fur around his mouth and clothing. Daniel did not respond to officers at first, but when he snapped out of it, he asked officers to Tase him or fight him to snap him out of the “bad trip”.
  21. 21. Fallon Incident07/16/11 Renee Camarillo lived through aparents worst nightmare on July 4 whenshe discovered two of her children andthree of their friends overdosed on asynthetic drug and had to be rushed to thehospital.Children ranged in age from 13 to 17All five survived
  22. 22. DISTRIBUTIONSold over the internetIn Convenience StoresHead Shops
  23. 23. NV Schedule 1Substances May 5, 2011 and February 28, 2012 the following 11 trade name cannabiniod “spice” substances were added to Schedule 1: JWH-073 CP-47,497 CP-47,497 C8 JWH-200 JWH-018/AM-678 JWH-210 AM-2201 AM-694 JWH-122 JWH-250 JWH-081
  24. 24. NV Schedule 1Cathinones Effective February 15, 2012, six synthetic cathinones, referred to as “bath salts” were added to Schedule
  25. 25. Drug Abuse Prevention Actof 2012 (Section 1152) In an attempt to broaden the scope of synthetic substances included as Schedule 1 (illicit) Controlled Substances, this bill was enacted on July 10, 2012. It added 26 compounds, including many additional JWH substances. The law includes salts, isomers and salts of isomers within the chemical designations. These additional compounds have not been added to Nevada’s Schedule 1 list.
  26. 26. Law EnforcementChallenges Limited Presumptive field test kits Lab verification of substances before arrests Extreme volume of synthetics verses those listed as Schedule 1 Controlled Substances
  27. 27. Law EnforcementChallenges False Labeling Potential return of produce from search warrants False Manufacturer lab analysis results Confirmation of owner/employee understanding of the illegal substance.
  28. 28. Criminal Case Development Document sales price and weights Location of product in the store Sales method (cash only) Sale via register, with or without receipt Sold with paraphernalia (pipes, bongs etc.)
  29. 29. Criminal Case Development Solicited conversation from the owner/clerk about the best product (highs, side effects, illness) Purchase Trafficking amounts (over 4 grams) and multiple varieties
  30. 30. What Can We DO?Report suspected synthetic productsales to law enforcementTraining and Education withemphasis in our schoolsFormal LE notification to storeowners/managers about the illegalproducts
  31. 31. What Can We Do?Business Licensing RestrictionsCity OrdinancesMedia exposure to educate aboutillegal status and health risks
  32. 32. Questions

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