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[DCSB] Silvia Polla (Topoi) Between Demography and Consumption: Digital and Quantitative approaches in the Mediterranean Surface Survey

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The interpretation of archaeological surface survey data is not straightforward. The aim of this paper is to critically evaluate the interpretative potential of the surface survey record in terms, on the one hand of demography and settlement pattern, on the other hand of consumption and changing social patterns of commodities distribution and access, using the microregional ceramic dataset collected during fieldwork in the region of Thugga (Tunisian High Tell). By analyzing rural surface pottery assemblages among settlements pattern and topography, I will show the application of a spatial and quantitative approach to the survey record and discuss its potential and risks. At the macroregional scale, consumption patterns will be considered in a comparative perspective among urban and rural settlements as well as coastal sites and rural hinterland of the Roman Province Africa Proconsularis. The reconstruction of a geography consumption allows a ceramic view on the economic development of the Roman Province and on its integration in the inter-regional and long distance markets.

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[DCSB] Silvia Polla (Topoi) Between Demography and Consumption: Digital and Quantitative approaches in the Mediterranean Surface Survey

  1. 1. Silvia Polla, Institut für Klassische Archäologie, Freie Universität BerlinDigital Classicist Berlin, 18.10.2016 Between Demography and Consumption: Digital and Quantitative approaches in the Mediterranean Surface Survey
  2. 2. Hobson 2012
  3. 3. Hobson 2012
  4. 4. Hobson 2012
  5. 5. Hobson 2012 Hobson 2012, after Bonifay 2004 de Vos, Attoui 2012
  6. 6. Bonifay 2004
  7. 7. Mattingly 2011, 139, Tab 5.2 Economic structure Location Economic mechanism Archaeological correlates Imperial Economy Empirewide and beyond frontiers Taxation, imperial exploitation of land, labor, resources, redistribution, largesse, and salary commitments Monetization focused on military needs, tax gathering (Egyptian tax grain arrangements, etc.); long range movement of many commodities to frontier provinces or Rome, military bias in distribution patterns Extraprovincial Economies Empirewide and beyond frontiers Free-market economy, response to opportunities of imperial supply, gift exchange Interprovincial movement of goods to local markets, consumption of imported goods on civilian sites Provincial Economies Within provincial borders, often localized around major towns Free-market economy, response to taxation, monetization Local market distributions of locally produced goods, spread of monetization to smaller market centers
  8. 8. de Vos, Attoui 2012
  9. 9. Stone 2004
  10. 10. de Vos 2013
  11. 11. de Vos, Attoui 2012 Hobson 2012
  12. 12. Hobson 2012
  13. 13. 192; 75% 65; 25% good soils bad soils 22 1 6 6 2 2 1 2 6 0 5 10 15 20 25 Flat North North-East East South-East South West North-West North Nr Farms (tot = 48 belonging to the Vandal- Byzantine Phase) Duration of occupation Topography (Slope facing) Soil quality Test on 257 „farms“, all periods
  14. 14. Nucleated settlements Farms
  15. 15. Insch Press CW ACW HM BGW IS GLA CBM DW AMPH PW LA ARS correlation coefficient ,153** ,318** ,892** ,506** ,484** ,193** ,337** ,444** ,683** ,446** ,772** ,153** ,523** 15,77% 38,56% 0,65% 1,72%0,08% 0,25% 1,15% 7,97% 0,57% 27,77% 0,05% 0,41% 2,50% 2,01% 0,53% 0,01% ARS CW ACW HM BGW IS GLA CBM DW AMPH PW LA MW M OS TW >>Very poor assemblages Sites with no ARS Ware Ceramic Classes Correlation between ceramic classes in the surface assemblages
  16. 16. Rajala, Mills 2014
  17. 17. Rajala, Mills 2014
  18. 18. Dougga Survey: Clusteranalysis of „Farms“ Methods: hierarchical Clusteranalysis,Ward-Method,Gower-Distance Single Variables: „Location“ + „Size“ + „Slope“ + „Inscriptions“+ „Oil presses“ + „Ceramic Classes („ARS","CW","ACW","HM","BGW","IS","GLA","CBM“,"DW","AMPH","PW","LA","TW„)“, + + „Phase1",„Phase2",„Phase3",„Phase4",„Phase5",„Phase6",„Phase7" Group 1: 119 Group 2: 10 Group 3: 44
  19. 19. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Early Roman Middle Roman Late Roman Vandal Byzantine Islamic New Continuing Reoccupied Abandoned 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Pre-Roman Early Roman Middle Roman Late Roman Vandal Byzantine Islamic Total sites Byzantine
  20. 20. pots = sites = people ? > Population growth vs decline ? Dougga Survey: Fine Wares Distribution
  21. 21. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 year60 year75 year90 year105 year120 year135 year150 year165 year180 year195 year210 year225 year240 year255 year270 year285 year300 year315 year330 year345 year360 year375 year390 year405 year420 year435 year450 year465 year480 year495 year510 year525 year540 year555 year570 year585 year600 year615 year630 year645 year660 year675 year690 ARS-based Survey Chronology (Weighted mean/year)
  22. 22. Dougga Survey: Site Density and Settlement Pattern
  23. 23. Dougga Survey: Theoretical territories
  24. 24. Dougga Survey: Cost Distance Analysis
  25. 25. 2.5 2.5 Dougga Off-site Pottery Survey Survey Intensity/ Number of sites Visibility / Number of sites Terrenato 2004 2. 5 2. 5
  26. 26. Witcher 2006
  27. 27. Mapalia, El Alia (Mahdia,IIAD). /HaCeramics/ha Archaeological record and past social variability

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