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[DCSB] Nathan Gibson (Vanderbilt) Toward a Cyberinfrastructure for Syriac Literature: Mapping a Text Corpus using TEI and RDF

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A few years ago, scholars of Greek and Latin literature called for a “cyberinfrastructure” that would facilitate a new generation of digital collections - an infrastructure that uses linked open data approaches to organize the myriad of web resources related to classical studies. Already such frameworks are being built on the basis of existing claves, digital transcriptions of texts, and other tools that comprise standards in the fields of Greek and Latin.

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[DCSB] Nathan Gibson (Vanderbilt) Toward a Cyberinfrastructure for Syriac Literature: Mapping a Text Corpus using TEI and RDF

  1. 1. TOWARD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE MAPPING A TEXT CORPUS USING TEI AND RDF Nathan P. Gibson Vanderbilt University Syriaca.org Funding for Syriaca.org was provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and other institutions. The views and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of Vanderbilt University, the NEH, or any other participating institutions.
  2. 2. SYRIAC LITERATURE ON PARCHMENT AND PAGE ASSEMANI TO ZANETTI Photo Credit: BNF Syr. 27, f. 92r from Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des Manuscrits, Syriaque 27 (719 CE) Image in the public domain
  3. 3. AS MANUSCRIPT DISCOVERY Photo: citydesert.wordpress.com
  4. 4. AS LITERATURE HISTORIES AND MANUSCRIPT CATALOGUES
  5. 5. AS PAGE SCANS AND DATABASES
  6. 6. CENTRAL QUESTION How can a cyberinfrastructure help overcome problems of access and accident in Syriac literature?
  7. 7. SYRIAC LITERATURE IN ANGLE BRACKETS CYBERINFRASTRUCTURES <>
  8. 8. DEFINITIONS WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE?
  9. 9. DEFINITIONS WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? “The material systems whereby we exchange the objects of our intellectual labor and ourselves internalize these objects” (Crane, Seales, Terras 2009)
  10. 10. DEFINITIONS WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? “The material systems whereby we exchange the objects of our intellectual labor and ourselves internalize these objects” (Crane, Seales, Terras 2009) tangible: network, storage, software, data) 
 + intangible: expertise, best practices, standards, tools, collections, collaborative environments) (ACLS 2006 in Babeu 2011, 221)
  11. 11. DEFINITIONS WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? “The material systems whereby we exchange the objects of our intellectual labor and ourselves internalize these objects” (Crane, Seales, Terras 2009) tangible: network, storage, software, data) 
 + intangible: expertise, best practices, standards, tools, collections, collaborative environments) (ACLS 2006 in Babeu 2011, 221) “Anything that is needed to connect more than one person, project, or entity is infrastructure. Anything used exclusively by a project is not.” (Rockwell 2010 in Babeu 2011, 221)
  12. 12. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? Greek & Latin Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  13. 13. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) Greek & Latin Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  14. 14. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) Greek & Latin Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  15. 15. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) Greek & Latin Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  16. 16. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE Greek & Latin Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  17. 17. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE Greek & Latin Syriac Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  18. 18. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) Greek & Latin Syriac Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  19. 19. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) Greek & Latin Syriac Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  20. 20. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) Greek & Latin Syriac Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  21. 21. DEVELOPMENT WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE (COMPUTING) PHYSICAL RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) ELECTRONIC RESOURCES (COLLECTIONS) CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE Greek & Latin Syriac Inspired by Voss and Procter 2009 in Babeu 2011, 222
  22. 22. EXAMPLES WHAT IS A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE? Perseus + Perseus Catalogue + Perseids
  23. 23. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE?
  24. 24. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs:
  25. 25. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date.
  26. 26. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and …
  27. 27. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and … • No URIs for digital identification.

  28. 28. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and … • No URIs for digital identification.
 The New Handbook of Syriac Literature aims to fill the need for a Syriac clavis in a digital context, primarily through providing identifiers (URIs) for Syriac works.
  29. 29. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and … • No URIs for digital identification.
 The New Handbook of Syriac Literature aims to fill the need for a Syriac clavis in a digital context, primarily through providing identifiers (URIs) for Syriac works.
  30. 30. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and … • No URIs for digital identification.
 The New Handbook of Syriac Literature aims to fill the need for a Syriac clavis in a digital context, primarily through providing identifiers (URIs) for Syriac works. Goals:
  31. 31. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and … • No URIs for digital identification.
 The New Handbook of Syriac Literature aims to fill the need for a Syriac clavis in a digital context, primarily through providing identifiers (URIs) for Syriac works. Goals: • Not an entire cyberinfrastructure but working toward core features of one
  32. 32. PURPOSE & GOALS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? Needs: • There is no clavis (catalogue/inventory) of Syriac works to date. • Therefore no uniform titles for library cataloguing, and … • No URIs for digital identification.
 The New Handbook of Syriac Literature aims to fill the need for a Syriac clavis in a digital context, primarily through providing identifiers (URIs) for Syriac works. Goals: • Not an entire cyberinfrastructure but working toward core features of one • Serving multiple audiences: researchers, archivists, and heritage communities
  33. 33. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE?
  34. 34. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities:
  35. 35. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities: • authors/editors (http://syriaca.org/person/…)
  36. 36. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities: • authors/editors (http://syriaca.org/person/…) • works & literary traditions (http://syriaca.org/work/…)
  37. 37. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities: • authors/editors (http://syriaca.org/person/…) • works & literary traditions (http://syriaca.org/work/…) • bibliographic items (http://syriaca.org/bibl/…)

  38. 38. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities: • authors/editors (http://syriaca.org/person/…) • works & literary traditions (http://syriaca.org/work/…) • bibliographic items (http://syriaca.org/bibl/…)
 • Formats:
  39. 39. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities: • authors/editors (http://syriaca.org/person/…) • works & literary traditions (http://syriaca.org/work/…) • bibliographic items (http://syriaca.org/bibl/…)
 • Formats: • TEI —> HTML + RDF
  40. 40. METHODOLOGICAL DECISIONS WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Entities: • authors/editors (http://syriaca.org/person/…) • works & literary traditions (http://syriaca.org/work/…) • bibliographic items (http://syriaca.org/bibl/…)
 • Formats: • TEI —> HTML + RDF • TEI —> MADS/EAC?
  41. 41. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE?
  42. 42. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues
  43. 43. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library
  44. 44. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library • Hill Museum & Manuscript Library
  45. 45. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library • Hill Museum & Manuscript Library • etc.
  46. 46. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library • Hill Museum & Manuscript Library • etc. • Existing print and digital inventories
  47. 47. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library • Hill Museum & Manuscript Library • etc. • Existing print and digital inventories • Comprehensive Bibliography of Syriac Christianity
  48. 48. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library • Hill Museum & Manuscript Library • etc. • Existing print and digital inventories • Comprehensive Bibliography of Syriac Christianity • eKtobe
  49. 49. DATA SOURCES WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? • Digital manuscript catalogues • Wright, British Library • Hill Museum & Manuscript Library • etc. • Existing print and digital inventories • Comprehensive Bibliography of Syriac Christianity • eKtobe • claves of subjects/authors
  50. 50. TEI + RDF MODEL WHAT WOULD A CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR SYRIAC LITERATURE BE? https://github.com/srophe/srophe-app-data/blob/dev/data/works/tei/nhsl/tei/2501.xml
  51. 51. SYRIAC LITERATURE IN FUTURE RESEARCH 1.Authorship 2.Chronological Trends & Geographical Trends 3.Significant Works 4.Test Case: Syriac Biblical Material
  52. 52. Experimental data. Not for citation.
  53. 53. Four Gospels (Peshitta) Epistles of Paul Catholic Epistles Experimental data. Not for citation.
  54. 54. Experimental data. Not for citation.
  55. 55. Experimental data. Not for citation.

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