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Industrial investments worldwide 2017

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Our World Industrial Investment Monitor, a factory of the future tracking tool

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Industrial investments worldwide 2017

  1. 1. World Industrial Investment Monitor Factory of the Future tracking tool Supported by the Defi&Co investment program Do not distribute before 20/03/2018
  2. 2. Presentation & Partners 2
  3. 3. 10/03/2018 3 EDF, Fives and the Institut de la réindustrialisation are all acting in favor of industrial activity, in France and in other countries. In order to better analyze industrial trends, they did support this project, wich was initiated by Fives, to create a monitoring tool tracking industrial investments in the factories of the future worldwide. In 2016, a platform has been created to record industrial investments and to rank each investment alongside six Factory of the Future criteria. In this platform, R&D, logistics, energy and manufacturing projects announced worldwide (industrial investment over $5 million worth, greenfield or brownfield project) are tracked through 200 000 sources, on a daily basis. For each project that we include in the database, we try to collect information about location, investor, amounts invested, jobs created, surface, production nature and capacity, customers, suppliers… The information is structured in such a way that users can instantly obtain statistics and trends sorted by product, sector, country etc. In this report, we offer our readers our analysis of the most important trends as they appear from our 2017 data. 3 Towards the Industry of the Future The aim of our project is by capturing industrial investments and to analyze their characteristics, contributing to enhance innovation within the world industrial landscape. Each project we detect is scored alongside six criteria defined by Fives Observatory of the Plant of the Future, and EDF : - Flexibility: the ability to switch from a product to another, enabling made-to-order manufacturing, - Digitalization: the introduction of technologies such as IoT, robotics, automation, - Energy efficiency: every measure taken to lower energy consumption compared with usual norms, - Social efforts: measures undertaken for operations, through working conditions, health and safety concern, training, education and wages…, - Territorial efforts: decisions aiming at improving the relations between a production site and local communities and stakeholders, such as favoring local suppliers, funding schools, contributing to local social projects…, - Environmental efforts: reducing carbon footprint and pollution, water preservation… Each criterion is ranked 0 (no mention in the news describing the investment), 1 (some measures described) or 2 (quantitative objectives defined for the criterion considered or insistence on it). Adding those 0-2 scores over six criteria gives a total Industry of the Future score wich varies from 0 to 12.
  4. 4. 10/03/2018 4 The insights provided by our data are only interesting if our data correctly reflects worldwide trends. For a better apraisal of the accuracy of our data, some points must be known: - We proceed mainly through a screening of English, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and German sources: adding other langages such as Chinese, Japanese or Russian will improve, in the future, our ability to detect medium-sized projects in China, Japan, Russia and other countries (the largest projects being covered by international sources); - We are beginning this exercise and it is too soon to correlate our data with official statistics. It is much too early to comment temporal evolutions, except for massive facts and evolutions; - Our qualitative analysis of the Factory of the Future criteria rely upon the information provided by the media. We do not contact companies in order to check and complete the information collected. We think that it is already interesting to know what the media and companies think worthy of communicating to the public: this does reflect their preoccupations, theirs goals and their commitment towards new industrial practices; 4 A real time tool - We track announcements, and those announcements are made some months or years before production begins. Since we are tracking the news on a continuous basis, we adjust the information we have when, for instance, a planned investment is canceled. From our experience with a previous database about investment in France, we think that the overall data reflects correctly the general trends, even if some news are incomplete or inaccurate. Thus, we think that ou real time tool, with all these limitations, provide precious information about industrial trends worldwide.
  5. 5. 10/03/2018 55 DEFI&Co The world industrial investments monitor is supported the project Defi&Co. This project, which has been awarded 7.8 M€ by the “Programme Investissement d’Avenir” (PIA), aims to develop, during 5 years, innovative courses leading to qualifications in the following domains: - Industry of the Future (Product Lifecycle Management, Additive Manufacturing, Predictive Maintenance…); - Construction of the future (Smart Buildings, Building Information Modelling, Energy Performance…); - New jobs linked to Data Processing in these two domains. These developments are based on research works, and more than 10.000 students, trainees, apprentices… are expected to enrol in these courses. Special actions will be undertaken to facilitate women inclusion in these new jobs. This project will benefit from the inputs of the 11 partners having signed the consortium agreement and of the 20 others having signed support letters.
  6. 6. 10/03/2018 66 EDF EDF, a world leader in low carbon energy production Against the backdrop of the energy transition, EDF has defined a strategy called CAP 2030 which underpins the Group’s goal of: Being an efficient, responsible electricity company that champions low-carbon growth. As a global leader in low-carbon energy, the EDF Group covers every sector of expertise, from generation to trading and transmission grids. EDF builds on the expertise of its people, its R&D and engineering skills, its experience as a leading industry operator and the attentive support of its customers to deliver competitive solutions that successfully reconcile economic growth with climate protection. As today's increasingly digital world dramatically changes the way we produce and consume, research into electricity generation, transmission and consumption is of decisive importance. To succeed in the energy transition, more than 2,000 EDF’s R&D division employees (representing 27 nationalities) are currently working on many different projects designed simultaneously to deliver low-carbon power generation, smarter energy transmission grids and more responsible energy consumption. The missions of EDF’s R&D are structured around 4 key priorities.
  7. 7. 10/03/2018 7 As an industrial engineering Group, Fives designs and supplies machines, process equipment and production lines for the world’s largest industrials including the aluminium, steel, glass, automotive, aerospace, logistics, cement and minerals, energy and sugar sectors. Located in over 30 countries and with nearly 8,400 employees, Fives is known for its technological expertise and competence in executing international projects. Fives’ multi-sector expertise gives a global vision of the industry which provides a continuous source of innovation. The effectiveness of its R&D programs enables Fives to design forward-thinking industrial solutions that anticipate clients’ needs in terms of profitability, performance, safety and compliance with environmental standards. This strategy is backed by a human resources policy that is focused on the individual, encourages initiative-taking, technical excellence and team spirit. In 2012, to celebrate its bicentennial, the Group launched the Fives Plants of the Future Observatory. Confronted by the new economic, social and environmental challenges faced by industry and industrial plants in the 21st century, this Observatory is committed to initiating an open discussion about the industry of tomorrow and the plants of the future and to disseminate these views to public. 7 FIVES
  8. 8. 10/03/2018 8 The Institut de la réindustrialisation has been created in 2015 by two engineering schools, EPF and CESI, and two professional associations: GIM and Syntec Ingenierie. The Institut aims at producing and publicising knowledge and expertise about the future of industry and its skills and competencies. The Institut engaged many projects to this aim, promoting topics such as attracting youths toward industrial careers, and especially women. The Institut participate in, or organise, conferences, workshops and other opportunities to debate and discuss those topics. 8 L’Institut de la réindustrialisation
  9. 9. 10/03/2018 9 Trendeo was created in 2007 to collect data in real time about economic tendencies and trends: investment and jobs were the first events we tracked in France, followed by startups, fundraising and now industrial investments worldwide in a new database. In France, we find a good correlation between our data and data collected by the national institute of statistics (INSEE). The data published by Trendeo about the French economy is regularly used by various customers and newspapers as an indicator of the status of the French economy. Different customers access our data daily to monitor economic activities under territorial or sectoral angles. Other customers, among them a global leading consultancy, use our worldwide industrial data for research activities. 9 Trendeo
  10. 10. 2017 quantitative data 10
  11. 11. 10/03/2018 1111 2017 results, an overview Throughout 162 countries, we collected information about 3 412 projects in 2017, for a total amount of 1 026 billion dollars. The average investment is 444 M$. There is an important weight of big projects, so that the median amount of investment is 58 M$. Almost 600 000 jobs should be created by those investments. Those numbers are lower than the numbers for the data collected in 2016. As explained in the following pages, industrial investment projects takes several years between announcement and beginning of production, so we think it is not useful to comment year on year variations without a backlog of at least three years of data. 2016 2017 Number of projects 3 623 3 412 Investment (M$) 1 257 369 1 026 587 Average investment 497 444 Median investment 75 58 Jobs 1 025 400 598 923
  12. 12. 10/03/2018 12 There are three dates we try to track for each project: announcement date (for instance, 2017/9/21 : “ Germany's Daimler said it will invest $1 billion to expand its U.S.-based Mercedes-Benz plant in Alabama to start building electric sport-utility vehicles there from about 2020. ”), beginning of construction date (such as “Cornerstone Laid for New Hydropower Plant ” ) and then beginning of production date (“ Mazda Starts Production at New Plant in Mexico” ). 12 Time to production Those three dates are three different opportunities to detect a project through press coverage, and it is not always easy to obtain those three different dates. Sometimes, a project is announced only at the beginning of construction, or even only when production starts. Hence, many projects have been decided in 2017 that we will only track later. Those questions are specially important with big projects (see figure). For those reasons, we think that, specially as our database begins, year on year evolution are difficult to interpret adequately. TOTAL TIME BETWEEN ANNOUNCEMENT DATE AND PLANNED BEGINNING OF PRODUCTION, IN YEARS, BY PROJECT SIZE. For this figure, we selected a subset of the database, with only projects where the three dates, and amount invested, were known. It shows, for instance, that 15% of projects over 5 Bln$ take 6 years between announcement date and beginning of production. The average time between announcement and beginning of production is: - 1,8 years for projects under 250 M$, - 4,3 years for projects over 250 M$, - 5,7 years for projects over 1 Bln$ - 7 years for projects over 5 Bln$.
  13. 13. 10/03/2018 13 World industrial investments 2017 Northern America Central America South America Northern Europe Eastern Europe Eastern Asia Australia and New Zealand Southeastern Asia Central Asia Southern Asia Middle Africa South Africa Western Europe Western AsiaWestern Africa Northern Africa Southern Europe Eastern Africa
  14. 14. 10/03/2018 14 The table below shows origins and destinations, by continent, for the industrial investments tracked in 2017. Continents are in different positions towards outward investment. Asia has the highest level of closeness: almost 93% of investments received comes from the same continent. Europe is second on this measure, with almost 88%. On the contrary, only 41% of investments in Africa comes from Africa. Europe is the first net investor worldwide: there are more investments funded by Europe worldwide than investments in Europe, whether locally funded or not, to the tunes of 80 billion dollars. Asia is in the same situation, but for a sum of 40 billion dollars only. Americas receives, on the other hand, 65 billion dollars more than the amounts invested by Americas worldwide. 14 Origins and destinations Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Sum Net Africa 39 214 11 265 36 50 515 -45 297 Americas 2 558 149 639 18 585 6 844 2 241 179 867 -65 125 Asia 16 582 51 686 510 207 7 456 4 165 590 096 39 541 Europe 37 458 32 402 21 610 102 994 2 668 197 132 79 785 Oceania 153 53 8 771 8 977 -8 904 Sum 95 812 244 992 550 555 117 347 17 881 1 026 587 0 Comingfrom Going to Going to Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Sum Africa 41% 4,6% 0,0% 0,0% 0,2% 4,9% Americas 2,7% 61% 3,4% 5,8% 12,5% 17,5% Asia 17,3% 21,1% 93% 6,4% 23,3% 57,5% Europe 39,1% 13,2% 3,9% 88% 14,9% 19,2% Oceania 0,0% 0,0% 0,0% 0,0% 49% 0,9% Sum 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Comingfrom Origin and destination of 2017 industrial investments, MUSD Lecture: 21 610 MUSD invested in Asia are coming from Europe. There are 8 904 more MUSD invested in Oceania than invested by Oceania (8 977-17 881). Origin of industrial investments, percentage by continent Lecture: 57,5% of industrial investments worldwide come from Asia ; 3,4% of industrial investments in Asia are coming from the Americas.
  15. 15. 10/03/2018 15 18 major projects equates the 2113 smallest 27 projects over 6 billions dollars are worth 262 billion dollars altogether, which is 25% of the amounts invested worldwide. At the other spectrum of the projects size, 2116 projects smaller than 1 billion dollars are required to obtain the same investment amount. As shown by the map below, the main projects come mainly from the energy sector. Sasol Ethane cracker 11 Bln USD Southern Co Nuclear plant 19 Bln USD Scana Nuclear reactor 22 Bln USD Roopur Nuclear plant 13 Bln USD ENI / Shell Oil field 14 Bln USD CNOOC / Total Oil field 16 Bln USD Eskom Coal fired power plants 23 Bln USD Saudi Aramco Crude to chemicals 20 Bln USD Payra Deep sea port 15 Bln USD Gasprom Gas processing 23 Bln USD Samsung Semiconductors 12 Bln USD Zhejiang Petroleum refinery 24 Bln USD Tsinghua Microchips 46 Bln USD Formosa Steel Steel 11 Bln USD
  16. 16. 16 Breakdown of industrial investments projects, by amount invested (Lecture: 116 projects between 501 M$ and 1 billion totalled 82 billion dollars).
  17. 17. 10/03/2018 17 Manufacturing projects represent 62% of the total number of projects, 73% of jobs created but barely more than half the amounts invested. Activities linked to energy, such as power generation and mining and quarrying, represent altogether 18% of projects detected, and 39% of the amounts invested (and less than 5% of jobs created). Asia comes first in most major activities, in terms of percentage of amounts invested: manufacturing, power generation, logistics, R&D and waste treatment. Africa is the first continent for mining and quarrying. Americas come first for data centers with 82% of world investment, and for water treatment. Oceania is ahead for agricultural activities, forestry and fishing. Europe does not hold any first position. 17 Activities Activity Projects % MUSD % Jobs % Manufacturing 2 102 61,6% 544 824 53,1% 439 899 73,4% Asia 66% Power generation and/or distribution 499 14,6% 263 266 25,6% 3 623 0,6% Asia 42% Mining and quarrying 122 3,6% 135 171 13,2% 19 021 3,2% Africa 36% Logistic platform 302 8,9% 50 056 4,9% 80 212 13,4% Asia 61% R&D 156 4,6% 13 023 1,3% 48 957 8,2% Asia 47% Data center 75 2,2% 12 790 1,2% 5 008 0,8% Americas 82% Water treatment plant 85 2,5% 4 366 0,4% 3 0,0% Americas 48% Waste treatment plant 54 1,6% 1 916 0,2% 807 0,1% Asia 46% Agriculture, forestry and fishing 17 0,5% 1 175 0,1% 1 393 0,2% Oceania 57% Sum 3 412 100% 1 026 587 100% 598 923 100% N°1 continent INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENTS SORTED BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY, IN NUMBER OF PROJECTS, MILLION US DOLLARS AND JOBS CREATED. N°1 CONTINENT: PERCENTAGE OF GLOBAL AMOUNT INVESTED IN THIS ACTIVITY.
  18. 18. 10/03/2018 18 Energy ranks first in number of projects as well as in amounts invested, followed by chemicals and automotive. Sorting data by amounts invested or jobs created would yield a different result: the electronics sector makes only 3% of projects but 14% of jobs and 15,4% of amounts invested. In fact, two tables show the sectors with highest investment per project and jobs per project ratio. 18 Sectors Projects % M$ % Jobs % 1 Electricity, gas and steam 431 13% 252 863 24,6% 3 502 1% 2 Chemicals 321 9% 157 319 15,3% 17 623 3% 3 Automotive 314 9% 48 904 4,8% 95 442 16% 4 Food 276 8% 10 956 1,1% 28 826 5% 5 Non-metallic minerals 165 5% 16 287 1,6% 15 928 3% 6 Pharmaceutical 137 4% 8 654 0,8% 9 211 2% 7 Plastic and rubber 121 4% 9 867 1,0% 18 583 3% 8 Retail trade 118 3% 5 716 0,6% 69 428 12% 9 Basic metals 113 3% 48 667 4,7% 75 037 13% 10 Electrical equipment 105 3% 8 775 0,9% 28 607 5% 11 Wood 101 3% 4 613 0,4% 7 440 1% 12 Paper and cardboard 100 3% 15 740 1,5% 10 916 2% 13 Electronics 93 3% 158 505 15,4% 81 413 14% 14 Waste and materials recovery 86 3% 8 165 0,8% 945 0% 15 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 83 2% 26 767 2,6% 3 285 1% 16 Machinery 80 2% 1 613 0,2% 7 006 1% 17 Fabricated metals 76 2% 2 280 0,2% 7 618 1% 18 Airplanes 62 2% 4 581 0,4% 10 345 2% 19 Beverage 60 2% 5 645 0,5% 5 993 1% 20 Information services 57 2% 8 766 0,9% 11 755 2% Top 20 sectors 2 899 85% 804 683 78% 508 903 85% 43 other sectors 513 15% 221 904 22% 90 020 15% Sum 3 412 100% 1 026 587 100% 598 923 100% 2017Sectors 1 Oil/gas mining 1 938 2 Electronic 1 704 3 Oil/gas refining and coke 1 143 4 Electricity, gas and steam 587 5 Chemicals 490 6 Metal ore mining 479 7 Basic metals 431 8 Warehousing and support activities for transport 322 9 Paper and cardboard 157 10 Automotive 156 All activities 444 Average investment per project (MUSD) 1 Electronics 875 2 Computer programming (R&D) 709 3 Textile 680 4 Basic metals 664 5 Apparel 601 6 Retail trade 588 7 Metal ore mining 516 8 Automotive 304 9 Electrical equipment 272 10 Airplanes 167 All activities 176 Average Jobs per project
  19. 19. 10/03/2018 19 The database use several nomenclatures to characterise a project: activity (R&D, manufacturing, logistics…), sector, final market… Sectors have different levels and may be analysed at the product level. The following tables detail the number of projects and amount invested for the top five global sectors and their different products. 19 Top 5 sectors detailed 150 SOLAR PROJECTS IN 2017 Electricity, gas and steam Projects M$ % Coal power 35 69 413 27% Nuclear power 5 63 650 25% Wind power 76 45 242 18% Solar power 150 21 383 8% Hydroelectricity 27 15 580 6% Gas-fired combined cycle power 32 13 092 5% Gas based power 26 12 785 5% Pumped-storage hydroelectricity 2 2 510 1% Geothermal electricity 2 1 635 1% Lignite power 4 1 544 1% Others 72 6 029 2% Sum 431 252 863 100% Chemicals Projects M$ % Primary plastic 86 124 157 79% Nitrogen product 12 5 936 4% Alcohol 12 5 769 4% Industrial gas 23 4 493 3% Primary synthetic rubber 13 3 222 2% Chemical fertilizer 6 2 691 2% Primary synthetic fibre 10 2 491 2% Hydrocarbon 14 1 571 1% Compound containing oxygen 15 1 345 1% Cosmetics 11 978 1% Others 119 4 666 3% Sum 321 157 319 100% INVESTMENTS IN THE ELECTRICITY, GAS AND STEAM PRODUCTION SECTOR ANNOUNCED IN 2017 In the energy production sector, coal and nuclear make more than 50% of amounts invested. Wind, solar and hydroelectricity represent one third of amounts invested. INVESTMENTS IN CHEMICALS PRODUCTION ANNOUNCED IN 2017 Primary plastic represent almost 80% of investments. There are three projects with more than 10 billion dollars invested, in China, Saudi Arabia and in the United States. 321 CHEMICAL PROJECTS IN 2017
  20. 20. 10/03/2018 2020 Top 5 sectors detailed Automotive Projects M$ % Automobile 109 36 614 74,9% Part and accessory for motor vehicle 122 3 939 8,1% Design & Innovation 25 3 529 7,2% Vehicle engine 15 2 039 4,2% Electronic device for vehicle 5 1 221 2,5% Warehousing and storage 4 476 1,0% Technical testing and analysis 5 415 0,8% Data center 2 200 0,4% Specialized motor vehicle 8 164 0,3% Motor vehicle electrical equipment 3 101 0,2% Others 16 206 0,4% Sum 314 48 904 100% INVESTMENTS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR ANNOUNCED IN 2017 R&D projects represent 7% of amounts invested. In automobile production (final assembly), electric vehicles make one third of investments (cars and buses). Non metallic minerals Projects M$ % Cement 90 12 674 77,8% Glass article 7 1 064 6,5% Glass 11 610 3,7% Ceramic construction material 11 447 2,7% Cement and plaster articles for construction 16 442 2,7% Mineral insulating material 4 354 2,2% Glass fibre 1 300 1,8% Warehousing and storage 2 86 0,5% Carbon black 5 79 0,5% Article of stone 3 56 0,3% Others 15 175 1,1% Sum 165 16 287 100% Food Projects M$ % Dairy 61 2 523 23% Meat 22 1 788 16% Animal feed 23 944 9% Meal - Dish 12 728 7% Bakery 30 586 5% Baby food 8 427 4% Vegetable oil 9 398 4% Pulses 3 366 3% Confectionery 7 363 3% Vegetable 5 309 3% Nutritional supplement 3 246 2% Fish 11 223 2% Seasoning 7 211 2% Yeast and other cultures 5 209 2% Starch product 3 200 2% Others 67 1 435 13% Sum 276 10 956 100% INVESTMENTS IN THE FOOD SECTOR ANNOUNCED IN 2017 The investments are spread more evenly among the different products than in the other sectors, with the first two sectors altogether, dairy and milk, representing less than 40%. The third product, animal food, is in the United States for 70% of the amounts invested (other countries are China, Vietnam, India, Australia and Turkey). INVESTMENTS IN NON METALLIC MINERALS ANNOUNCED IN 2017 Cement is the main mineral, receiving almost 80% of amounts invested. The map below shows the location of those factories. From the projects where it is known, the total capacity production of cement in 2017 is 129 million tonnes/year. 90 cement factories announced in 2017
  21. 21. Factory of the Future qualitative data 21
  22. 22. 10/03/2018 2222 Factory of the Future score The share of projects with at least one Factory of the Future mark progressed slightly, from 40,1% to 41,6%. No project obtained an 11 or 12 total score. Out of 6 Factory of the Future criteria, digitization is still the most frequently found. Social efforts are still the least present in our marks: only 6,2% of the projects tracked in 2017 obtained a 1 or 2 mark for this criterion. 15 7 4 2 35 Repartition of 2017 Factory of the Future scores. Lecture: 215 projects received a total score of 3. Share of projects having received a score of 1 or 2 in each one of the Factory of the Future criterion. Each project can receive a score for six Factory of the Future criterion (see slide 3). For each criterion, the score can take three values: 0 means the criterion is not mentionned, 1 means something is said but not precise or detailed, 2 means there is a higher commitment or detailed and measured efforts for the particular criterion. The six scores for each project are added to obtain a global Factory of the Future sscore, which can hence vary from 0 to 12 (6 criteria with best score of 2). 2016 2017 Digitization 17,5% 17,1% Flexibility 16,6% 14,9% Environmental efforts 12,0% 13,7% Energy efficiency 8,3% 9,6% Territorial efforts 10,0% 8,3% Social efforts 5,0% 6,2% Share of projects with at least one mark 40,1% 41,6%
  23. 23. 10/03/2018 23 The next two slides show that the Factory of the Future score is unevenly spread, as much geographically than by sector. Geographically, the following map shows the average Factory of the Future score, for projects lead by companies sorted by their continent of origin. The result is that Northern Europe companies have the best average score, and companies from Middle Africa the worst score. This score can be influenced by many factors: the nationality of investors, by sector or by the legislation of the destination country. More detailed statistical analysis should be conducted to weight each factor. It seems that scores also follow GDP levels: the most developed countries have better scores. The analysis by sector puts beverages at the first place, mainly because of their environmental efforts (an example with a Jas Hennessy bottling project: “The facility is equipped with the most up-to-date technology, including sophisticated traceability systems and a high-speed bottling line that will be able to fill 240 000 bottles (20 000 9-litre cases) a day. Over 200 companies were used to help with its construction, 50% of them local, and it has been built with the environment and sustainability in mind. It consumes 40% less energy than a ‘standard’ plant of this type and 92% of the waste it will produce can be recycled.”. R&D facilities often get scores for their architectural qualities (“The ESS site will be an attractive and environmentally sustainable site, according to the project promoters, and a world-class research centre with an elegant architectural design in tune with the surrounding landscape. ESS will promote biodiversity in the area as the site neighbours parkland and the typical rural landscape of the Scania region of southern Sweden. As part of the ESS “zero impact vision”, where the goal is to avoid emitting any pollutants into the environment, a system for treating polluted storm water will be designed.”). At the other end of the scale, investments with low Factory of the future scores are in the mining and logistics sectors, (warehousing, oil & gas mining, coal mining, wholesale trade…) and apparel. 23 Score: geography and sectors
  24. 24. 10/03/2018 2424 Average Factory of the Future score (by origin) > 1,34 < 1,34 < 1,2 <1,02 < 0,86 0,26 Northern America 1,2 Central America 1,18 South America 1,23 Northern Europe 1,34 Eastern Europe 1,08 Eastern Asia 0,78 Australia and New Zealand 1,17 Southeastern Asia 0,81 Central Asia 0,81 Southern Asia 0,89 Middle Africa 0,26 South Africa 1,08 Western Europe 1,23 Western Asia 1,02 Western Africa 1,00 Northern Africa 0,78 Southern Europe 0,97 Eastern Africa 0,86 Average factory of the future score, by origin of the investor. Lecture: investment from Australia & New Zealand get an average score of 1,17.
  25. 25. 10/03/2018 2525 Number of Projects Energy efficiency Territorial Efforts Environmental Efforts Social efforts Digitization Flexibility Factory of the Future score Beverage 128 0,28 0,26 0,48 0,13 0,23 0,30 1,66 Paper and cardboard 163 0,26 0,13 0,35 0,09 0,33 0,26 1,42 Scientific research and development 36 0,14 0,17 0,39 0,08 0,33 0,31 1,42 Agriculture 34 0,12 0,26 0,35 0,06 0,38 0,18 1,35 Information services 131 0,31 0,08 0,33 0,07 0,31 0,21 1,31 Wood 147 0,25 0,12 0,18 0,10 0,30 0,34 1,28 Trains 24 0,00 0,42 0,00 0,38 0,13 0,33 1,25 Furniture 34 0,06 0,12 0,12 0,18 0,41 0,32 1,21 Textile 53 0,08 0,06 0,15 0,19 0,43 0,28 1,19 Shoes and leather 21 0,00 0,19 0,14 0,24 0,29 0,29 1,14 Basic metals 267 0,19 0,13 0,28 0,10 0,21 0,23 1,13 Other industries 53 0,09 0,08 0,11 0,15 0,34 0,34 1,11 Waste and materials recovery 170 0,16 0,10 0,32 0,04 0,16 0,33 1,11 Chemicals 768 0,17 0,11 0,26 0,08 0,20 0,28 1,10 Retail trade 170 0,01 0,12 0,05 0,42 0,45 0,05 1,10 Sewerage 61 0,16 0,08 0,31 0,03 0,23 0,28 1,10 Repair 22 0,00 0,23 0,09 0,23 0,36 0,18 1,09 Food 655 0,09 0,20 0,15 0,10 0,30 0,26 1,09 Electrical equipment 198 0,07 0,08 0,11 0,14 0,33 0,35 1,08 Electricity, gas and steam 1 080 0,35 0,21 0,31 0,02 0,06 0,12 1,07 Motorcycles 33 0,12 0,15 0,12 0,18 0,21 0,27 1,06 Water supply 85 0,14 0,19 0,32 0,04 0,18 0,18 1,04 Average 0,15 0,14 0,21 0,08 0,23 0,22 1,03 Computer programming 31 0,06 0,23 0,06 0,26 0,26 0,13 1,00 Automotive 592 0,05 0,11 0,11 0,08 0,32 0,28 0,95 Pharmaceutical 316 0,04 0,08 0,10 0,11 0,26 0,35 0,94 Machinery 154 0,08 0,07 0,12 0,10 0,34 0,22 0,93 Electronics 258 0,05 0,18 0,11 0,09 0,22 0,25 0,91 Non-metallic minerals 403 0,22 0,06 0,24 0,04 0,22 0,13 0,89 Fabricated metals 139 0,01 0,16 0,03 0,17 0,31 0,21 0,88 Airplanes 112 0,03 0,10 0,04 0,17 0,35 0,20 0,88 Plastic and rubber 274 0,03 0,11 0,09 0,08 0,28 0,26 0,85 Other mining 57 0,05 0,26 0,30 0,04 0,07 0,12 0,84 Oil/gas refining and coke 153 0,15 0,12 0,24 0,01 0,08 0,24 0,83 Apparel 54 0,02 0,09 0,24 0,13 0,17 0,15 0,80 Warehousing and support activities for transportation 207 0,04 0,08 0,19 0,03 0,27 0,15 0,76 Metal ore mining 80 0,08 0,21 0,15 0,09 0,09 0,08 0,69 Support mining 64 0,06 0,17 0,22 0,00 0,19 0,03 0,67 Coal mining 41 0,00 0,12 0,46 0,02 0,02 0,02 0,66 Wholesale trade 37 0,03 0,14 0,08 0,11 0,30 0,00 0,65 Oil/gas mining 135 0,07 0,22 0,10 0,02 0,07 0,04 0,52 Factory of the future, score by sector, 2017 data The sectors are sorted by overall average score.
  26. 26. 10/03/2018 2626 Best 28 scores Only 28 projects have received Factory of the Future scores over 6 in 2017, less than 1% of the projects detected in 2017. Those projects are very diverse in sectors, not so much for their locations. None of those was located in Africa (it was not the case in 2016). Those projects are presented in the following pages. Seattle Children’s R&D Simplot Beef Packing Apple Data Center Apex Gas Power Caithness Gas Power Pegatex Artecola ArtecolaAdhesives Optel Medical Devices Jas Hennessy Bottling TechnicoFlor Perfumes Costa Coffee roasting Kronospan Wood Kreisel EV batteries Rittal Data center Etix Data center Amager Waste to energy UPM Kymmene Birch plywood TAIF Gas power plant BASF R&D center AMULFED Milk powder Intel R&D VBC Nitrate Coromandel Fertilisers Novacap Bicarbonate Lego Brick factory BMW Brilliance Automotive LG Electronics R&D Kose Cosmetics Hino Motors Trucks 9 8 7 7 10 8 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 10 8 9 9 8 7 7 7 8 8 7 8 7
  27. 27. 10/03/2018 2727 Hino Motors (Japan) Manufacturing of trucks Capacity: 45 000 / year Jobs: ND MUSD: 553 Factory of the Future score: 9 This is a world-class, state-of-the-art truck manufacturing facility with a high proportion of robotisation – including 95% of the cab welding and 95% of the painting – to ensure the highest quality standards and production consistency. The factory operates on a modular system, using a single assembly line with the ability to provide the right products at the right time to meet market demand. The merged heavy and extra-heavy assembly line does one-piece-at-a-time production, instead of batch production. This allows the plant to only produce trucks that will be sold. The new production method also allows for shorter lead times, a shorter production line, and a better response to market fluctuations. The plant is built using many environment-friendly features. These include using renewable energy, natural light, and LED bulbs to lower electricity usage, while workers benefit from efficient air conditioning, which cools or warms the air only up to the height of the operators, thereby saving energy. The plant also captures rainwater and makes ample use of natural light. CO2 emissions have been cut by 20% and water consumption is reduced by 65% compared to a similar plant without these latest environmental initiatives.. Koga (Ibaraki), Japan Opening: S2 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Daiwa Asset Management / Nikko Asset Management / Nissay Asset Management / Nomura Asset Management http://www.hino-global.com/csr/backnumber/2010/highlight/soci2009_01.html
  28. 28. 10/03/2018 2828 Seattle Children’s Hospital (USA) Immunotherapy R&D Capacity: ND Jobs: ND MUSD: 300 Factory of the Future score: 9 The project includes the "Cure Factory", a state-of-the-art manufacturing centre that translates laboratory discoveries into cell therapies for patients using immunotherapy and gene therapy. The building will also provide space for scientific education. Its 1st floor will include a Science Discovery Lab to help encourage students to pursue careers in STEM and a 225-seat auditorium to bring industry leaders together for scientific dialogue and innovation. Other floors are being designed flexibly to allow responsiveness to future changes, and the inclusion of multiple collaborative spaces ensure that researchers and scientists from different areas of the building can be brought together to easily share information and ideas. Thoughtfully placed building core elements keep researchers within sight of natural light, and transparency within the plan provides for further connectivity between different people and working groups. The facility will be certified Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold. Seattle, USA Opening: S1 2020 Partners, customers, suppliers: Flad Architects / Aedas / Lease Crutcher Lewis / University of Washington School of Medicine https://www.geekwire.com/2017/seattle-childrens-launches-1-billion-campaign-plans-build-new-immunotherapy-research-center/ Seattle Children’s Photo
  29. 29. 10/03/2018 2929 Pegatex Artecola(Brazil) Prepared adhesive Capacity: ND Jobs: 210 MUSD: ND Factory of the Future score: 8 The project which was initiated more than eight years ago, will support local and regional economic growth, with improvements in manufacturing tools, with more modern, flexible and efficient manufacturing process, in addition to increasing production capacity of adhesives by 110%. The production plant is today one of the most modern and safe in the region, with a projection of 30 to 40 years, and will also support the markets of Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia and several islands in the Caribbean, among others, but whose priority will be the Colombian market. The plant was built with bioclimatic criteria and high quality standards that have allowed the improvement in 30% with natural lighting and use of LED technology, with substantial savings in energy consumption; a ventilation almost 100% natural; in the initial stage a reuse of rainwater for the fire extinguishing system, with a pool of 1,000 m3, and a maximum commitment to safety for fire prevention and fire extinguishing, from the design. Mosquera (Cundinamarca), Colombia Opening: S2 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Artecola Quimica http://hsbnoticias.com/noticias/economia/en-mosquera-cundinamarca-firma-pegatex-artecola-estreno-nuev-360619
  30. 30. 10/03/2018 3030 Amager(Denmark) Waste to energy Capacity: 400 000 t/ year – 63 MW Jobs: ND MUSD: 632 Factory of the Future score: 8 The plant can process all types of waste and still recover a high amount of energy. It utilises more than 100% of the fuel’s energy content and has a 28% electrical efficiency rate. Because of advanced filtration and other technologies, sulphur emission is expected to be reduced by 99.5% and NOx by about 90%, and it is claimed to be the cleanest incineration plant in the world. It is designed to change between operating modes, producing 0-63 MW electricity and 157-247 MW district heating, depending on the local heat demand and power price. It produces more clean water than it uses. The building’s facade is made up of staggered metal planters that vary in size and shape to carefully control solar exposure. When it rains, each planter will drain into the one below it to sustain a flourishing vegetated wall. The plant has been celebrated as “part of the city”, providing social as well as physical infrastructure. Copenhagen, Denmark Opening: S1 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Babcox & Wilson Volund, Bjarke Ingels Group, Haldor Topsoe, Man Made Land, Topotek 1 https://www.a-r-c.dk/affald-til-ressourcer#/voresrolle
  31. 31. 10/03/2018 3131 UPM Kymmene (Finland) Plywood (capacity extension) Capacity: 45 000 m³ / year Jobs: 100 MUSD: 58 Factory of the Future score: 7 More than 40% of the subcontracting related to the investment will be sourced locally. The new 19 MW heat boiler will decrease the consumption of fossil fuels at the mill. Most of the heat energy for the mill will be generated by using biological by-products from plywood production such as bark, chips, and dust. The project will increase the mill's production capacity from 110 000 to 155 000 m3 while also broadening the mill’s product portfolio. Chudovo (Novgorod), Russia Opening: S2 2019 Partners, customers, suppliers: Raute http://www.wisaplywood.com/Contacts/production-units/chudovo/Pages/Default.aspx
  32. 32. 10/03/2018 3232 Kosé (Japan) Cosmetics Capacity: 30 millions units / year Jobs: ND MUSD: 53 Factory of the Future score: 8 Automated facilities will be introduced to vertical flow lines in order to increase efficiency in the area of physical distribution and material handling, and these combined with automated production lines will further enhance productivity. A flexible layout will allow for future product changes and production increases. The plant will be capable of promptly meeting market demand, particularly for high-value-added products. The plant will use a highly energy-efficient cogeneration system, thus enabling it to reduce it environmental footprint. Isesaki (Gunma), Japan Opening: S1 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Asset Management One / Cosmetology Research Foundation / Mizuho Bank http://www.kose.co.jp/company/en/info/bases/
  33. 33. 10/03/2018 3333 Jas Hennessy (UK/France) Bottling of cognac Capacity: 240 000 bottles / day Jobs: 110 MUSD: 118 Factory of the Future score: 7 The facility is equipped with the most up-to-date technology, including sophisticated traceability systems and a high-speed bottling line that will be able to fill 240 000 bottles (20 000 9-litre cases) a day. Over 200 companies were used to help with its construction, 50% of them local, and it has been built with the environment and sustainability in mind. It consumes 40% less energy than a ‘standard’ plant of this type and 92% of the waste it will produce can be recycled. Cognac (Nouvelle Aquitaine), France Opening: S2 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Diageo/Louis Vuitton Hennessy http://presse.hennessy.fr/hennessy-pont-neuf/
  34. 34. 10/03/2018 3434 LG (South Korea) R&D – electronics Capacity: ND Jobs: 19 000 MUSD: 3 541 Factory of the Future score: 7 Sustainable design strategies for campus buildings include self-shading facade treatments and the use of innovative technologies such as algae panels and footfall harvesting to generate power. Flat roof surfaces accommodate photovoltaic panels and vegetated roofs, while ground-source heat pumps provide heating and cooling. Energy storage systems, smart LED lights, and energy-efficient heating and cooling systems will be installed in all the R&D centres. The next-generation campus will accommodate LG researchers from disciplines including electronics, chemistry, nanotechnology, display, fabrication, life sciences, and new materials. Seoul, South Korea Opening: S1 2020 Partners, customers, suppliers: Arup / Chang-jo Architects / Gansam Architects & Partners / HOK / LG Toyo Engineering / SERVEONE / Vanderweil Engineers / WSP http://www.vanderweil.com/projects/science-technology/lg-life-sciences-science-park
  35. 35. 10/03/2018 3535 Apple(USA) Data Center Capacity: ND Jobs: 50 MUSD: 1375 Factory of the Future score: 7 The proposed state-of-the-art facilities will run entirely on renewable energy. The company will also contribute up to 100 MUSD to a newly created Public Improvement Fund dedicated to Waukee community development and infrastructure. The first project supported by the fund will be a youth sports complex that “will be open to all”. The project will create at least 50 jobs at a qualifying wage of at least USD 29,12 per hour. Waukee (Iowa), USA Opening: S1 2020 https://www.apple.com/fr/newsroom/2017/08/apples-next-us-data-center-will-be-built-in-iowa/
  36. 36. 10/03/2018 3636 Kreisel Electric (Austria) Batteries for electric vehicles Capacity: 8 000 / year Jobs: 130 MUSD: 17 Factory of the Future score: 10 Due to a highly automated production process, which makes it possible to manufacture very quickly (15 seconds per kilowatt-hour stored), a doubling of production capacity is also possible if necessary. The company uses its own clean energy storage technology called Mavero. "We have invested approximately 14 million euros in our new plant. This includes the installation of a 1,000 kWh battery-powered energy storage system and a 200 kWp photovoltaic power generation system, as well as rapid charging stations in car parks for employees. This allows us to maintain production for one week without interruption and regardless of the national electricity grid. With 70 employees, we are currently working on 42 electromobility projects worldwide. According to targets, there will be 200 employees by the end of 2018," said Christian Schlögl, CEO of Kreisel Electric. Freistadt (Upper Austria), Austria Opening: S2 2017 http://www.kreiselelectric.com/en/blog/kreisel-electric-builds-factory-upper-austria/
  37. 37. 10/03/2018 3737 Coromandel (India / Denmark) Phosphoric acid Capacity: 300 tons / day Jobs: ND MUSD: 35 Factory of the Future score: 7 The project consists of the installation of a new 5 MW back pressure turbine in order to maximise the efficiency of steam utilisation. The coal boiler to be added will be a fluidized bed combustion one, thus leading to less amount of sulphur emitted and higher efficiency in heat transfer. Due to utilisation of imported coal having lower sulphur and adoption of a limestone-based sulphur capture system, the company will be able to offset at least 20% to 25% of the SO2 emissions from the existing facility. The overall specific water demand in the facility will be about 3 m3/tonne of product manufactured as against the industry benchmark of 4 m3/tonne. 12% of the project cost will be devoted to environmental management programmes. The company plans to spend more than USD 15 000 per year per year for various programmes in the area around the plant, such as those pertaining to education, health, regional plantation, and disaster relief. The company gives preference for employment to local people, especially when it comes to jobs in unskilled and semi-skilled positions, with 90% of the current staff from local area; the company has committed to prefer locals for unskilled jobs for this project as well. Visakhapatnam (Andra Pradesh), India Opening: ND Partners, customers, suppliers: Andhra Pradesh Gas Power Corporation / Cholamandalam MS Risk Services / Visakhapatnam Port Trust http://environmentclearance.nic.in/writereaddata/EIA/240120179NL8L80QCoromandelEIAReport.pdf
  38. 38. 10/03/2018 3838 Rittal (Germany) Data Center Capacity: 30 MW Jobs: ND MUSD: 32 Factory of the Future score: 7 The facility draws all of its power from hydroelectric and wind power produced locally. An adjacent fjord provides a constant supply of cold water, making the data centre highly energy efficient. According to the company, "The flexibility is unique. Not only will one be able to ‘plug and play’ capacity needs, but the large space and the logistics also allows different product solutions in a cost effective way." Maloy (Sogn og Fjordane), Norway Opening: ND Partners: Rittal / Sogn og Fjordane Energi / Customers: Fortuitus / Friedhelm Loh Group / IBM / iNNOVO Cloud / Construction: IBM / LocalHost / Rittal https://www.rittal.com/imf/none/11_2103/
  39. 39. 10/03/2018 3939 TAIF Group (Russia/Qatar) Gas-fired heat and power plant (CHP) Capacity: 406 MW Jobs: ND MUSD: 224 Factory of the Future score: 7 An innovative modular management system as well as a combined steam and gas cycle will lead to high energy efficiency. The project increased the plant’s total combined heat and power efficiency to 80%. The modular management system enables one to launch the unit quickly, switch to a partial load, and maintain high-efficiency indicators. The presence of a low-emission burner will allow the power plant to considerably reduce emissions into the environment. The HA turbine used at the plant features advanced materials and a unique airflow design to deliver better cooling and combustion performance. Kazan (Tatarstan), Russia Opening: S1 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Flenco / GAMA Power Systems Engineering and Contracting / General Electric http://en.taif.ru/
  40. 40. 10/03/2018 4040 Etix Everywhere (Luxembourg) Data Center Capacity: 19 000 MW Jobs: ND MUSD: ND Factory of the Future score: 7 The data center will be powered exclusively by renewable energy. Its location will allow for the facility’s IT equipment to be cooled using an indirect free cooling system. An indirect free cooling design sharply reduces power consumption. The expected uptime also increases significantly compared to an ordinary server room. In its 1st phase, the facility, which will be located in a remote village in the Arctic Circle, will offer 0,6 MW of power supply, but this will be scalable to 19 MW without further expansion. The company will monitor the data centre remotely from its network operations centre in Luxembourg. Jokkmokk (Norrbotten), Sweden Opening: S2 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: InfraVia Capital Partners / Tiger Infrastructure Partners https://www.etixeverywhere.com/fr/etix-jokkmokk-1/
  41. 41. 10/03/2018 4141 Intel (USA) Chips design R&D Capacity: ND Jobs: 3000 MUSD: 171 Factory of the Future score: 8 The building will be equipped with IoT-based smart features, including smart lights and real-time occupancy management, and will use renewable energy sources like solar and fuel cell-based power. The unit will also have a computer software development and hardware design services facility. The construction material for the affiliated car parking facility, also under construction, has been locally sourced, with a majority being recycled and low-emitting material. Bengaluru (Karnataka), India Opening: S1 2017 https://www.intel.com/pressroom/kits/sites/apac/india/index.htm
  42. 42. 10/03/2018 4242 Novacap (France) Sodium bicarbonate Capacity: 70 000 tons / year Jobs: ND MUSD: 40 Factory of the Future score: 7 Manufacturing will adhere to principles and technology developed by Novacap's subsidiary Novacarb at its facility in Nancy (France). The approach -developed by Novacarb as part of its 17 MUSD "BIanca Project" - combines manufacturing technologies and worker training. The plant can increase its capacity in the future to 120,000 tonnes/year via a debottlenecking process (depending on market conditions). The Singapore plant’s output could also potentially go towards animal nutrition and flue gas cleaning applications. Sodium bicarbonate is well appropriate to capture acidic gases such as sulfur dioxide and hydrochloric acids released through the incineration of household wastes in municipal wastes incinerators e.g., allowing the release of cleaned flue gases compliant to local regulations. The company will obtain its raw materials for its Singapore plant through various local or regional partners. Demineralised water – NEWater – will be provided to the plant by Public Utilities Board in Singapore, while the carbon dioxide needed for production will come from various industrial production units, which will be good for sustainable development. Singapore Opening: S1 2017 https://www.novabay.asia/en/focus/about-us/
  43. 43. 10/03/2018 4343 Optel (Canada) Traceability system equipment for pharmaceuticals Capacity: ND Jobs: 100 MUSD: ND Factory of the Future score: 7 The site also offers the company the possibility of expanding its facilities by more than double later on. In Brazil, the company is working with Fundação Eufraten, which is a non-profit organisation that helps children and teens, teaching them how to become better citizens and helping them develop their potential to provide them with better job opportunities. The company is a Certified B Corporation, that is, a company leading a movement to use business as a force for good, meeting rigorous standards of social and environmental performance, accountability, and transparence. B Corporation certification is a private certification issued to for-profit companies by B Lab, a global non-profit organisation. One of the criteria to achieve this certification is that the company makes sure that 50% to 74% of materials used to manufacture products are either recycled, renewable, or selected based on environmental criteria. The company also uses several systems (such as smart lighting) to save energy and sensitise employees to the importance of this action. One of the company’s objectives for 2017 is to reduce energy consumption by 5%. Campinas (Sao Paulo), Brazil Opening: S1 2017 https://www.optelgroup.com/fr/contact/
  44. 44. 10/03/2018 4444 BMW Brilliance (Germany/China) Cars Capacity: ND Jobs: ND MUSD: 1 145 Factory of the Future score: 8 The expanded facility has adopted Factory of the Future design concept and intelligent technology, and utilised advanced technologies of big data, digital stimulation, and IoT with Factory of the Future features. The body shop is highly integrated and automated, up to 95%, with 856 robots. The extension is now BMW's most modern, innovative, and sustainable car factory in the world. The new extension erected the benchmark of sustainable production that consumes 32% less energy than the earlier section, equivalent to 60 GWh per year. The extended plant maximises use of natural light, environmental building materials, and intelligent lighting control, with 220 MWh of electricity saved by natural lighting alone. Recycle rate is up to 90% in the water-proof test process in the assembly shop. To reduce the workload for production employees, innovative exoskeletons can be worn directly on the body. Like a second skeleton, this structure provides external support for the body and reduces the effort required for physically demanding tasks. Shenyang (Liaoning), China Opening: S1 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Brilliance China Automotive Holdings / Huachen Group Auto Holding https://pressclub.bmwgroup.net/global/article/detail/T0275323EN/bmw-brilliance-automotive-opens-battery-factory-in-shenyang
  45. 45. 10/03/2018 4545 Kronospan (Austria) Oriented Strand Board Capacity: ND Jobs: 100 MUSD: 190 Factory of the Future score: 7 The project will also include setting up of a 40 MW cogeneration power plant, fired by tree bark and other organic waste, which will be used to fulfill the plant's energy needs as well as also exported to the country's electricity grid. By thus being autonomous in terms of energy needs, the project will reduce the plant's environmental impact. Some of the production lines will have robots working on them. A second phase after 2020 is also planned, which will involve almost equal investment, and which involves production of particle and resin boards. Sanem (Esch-sur-Alzette), Luxembourg Opening: S2 2020 Partners, customers, suppliers: Luxembourg (national government) / Société Nationale de Crédit et d’Investissement http://kronospan-luxembourg.com/fr/factoryofthefuture
  46. 46. 10/03/2018 4646 Costa Coffee (UK) Coffee roastery Capacity: 34 000 tons/ year Jobs: 50 MUSD: 47 Factory of the Future score: 7 The building will be ’zero energy’, meaning it will generate enough solar energy to run itself and still feed some power back into the grid. It will also send ’zero waste to landfill’. It will also include a new ’coffee academy’, capable of training 3,000 baristi per year. Production director Giorgio Fioraventi said: “When we were designing the roastery we had to focus on the long-term. We are now able to produce 45,000 tonnes of coffee every year, with the future potential to expand to 60,000.” Basildon (England), United Kingdom Opening: S1 2017 https://www.costa.co.uk/press/#/pressreleases/new-ps38m-roastery-fires-up-costa-growth-plans-1853672
  47. 47. 10/03/2018 4747 TechnicoFlor (France) Extraction of essential oil Capacity: ND Jobs: ND MUSD: 11 Factory of the Future score: 7 All production, mixing, packaging, quality control and shipments will be carried out in the new buildings. The company has designed fully robotised lines for its new units. They will feature several new generation robots, including a powder weighing machine, allowing ultra-precise dosages, regardless the particles size. The production and packaging will be carried out by gravity in order to avoid using pumps. Eventually, the construction of an unloading dock featuring three special doors adapted to trailers will facilitate deliveries. This investment should allow the French designer of aromatic composition to address the challenges linked to its growth and to better serve its customers in particular with shortened delivery lead times, which are expected to drop down to 4 or 5 days of processing - irrespective of product type and volumes ordered. “We needed a new production unit to anticipate our growth and support our development. Our future production centre and its state-of-the-art equipment is designed to optimize the delivery lead time. It will meet stringent environmental quality standards, in line with our environmental policy,” explains François-Patrick Sabater, President of TechnicoFlor. Indeed, the company has been involved for many years in a demanding eco-environmental approach. In the Valley of Nepal, for instance, TechnicoFlor supports Man & Nature, a non-profit organisation that helps farmers from the Bardia National Park and their families. This initiative allows the company to collect an ultra-premium quality of essential oils (Chamomile, Ginger, Curcuma, Lemongrass, Coriander, Mint, Lemongrass, Eucalyptus, Lantana, Calamus, Basil ...) while helping local populations and contributing to the protection of the fauna. The new building will thus meet France’s HQE (High Environmental Quality) standards, and will feature a rainwater collecting system and a green roof. Allauch (Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur), France Opening: S2 2018 http://www.technicoflor.fr/en#groupe
  48. 48. 10/03/2018 4848 BASF (Germany) R&D for agrochemicals Capacity: ND Jobs: 300 MUSD: 53 Factory of the Future score: 9 By combining development activities with global research, the campus will foster exchange of know-how and ideas about latest technologies and methods, ensure access to state-of-the-art equipment, and create synergies. BASF’s global major research platforms, from beginning of 2015 namely Advanced Materials & Systems Research, Bioscience Research, and Process Research & Chemical Engineering, will be active in Mumbai. The facility will include synthesis, application, process, and analytical laboratories. Along with scientific facilities, the 20,000 square meter site includes technical facilities, logistics areas, a full-scale auditorium and canteen, and employee amenities areas. The new building will include multiple features designed to minimize energy use, including a secondary façade, a reflective roof, water chillers for air conditioning, and photovoltaic panels. Drinking water will be supplied through dispensers using a filter technology, eliminating the need for disposable bottles. The building will also maximize use of natural light through a glass-roofed atrium that directs daylight into the building core. The BASF Innovation Campus (Mumbai) will open up career opportunities for local scientific talent. Mumbai (Maharashtra), India Opening: S1 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: BASF Chemicals India / BASF Construction Solutions / BASF Schweiz / BASF Societas Europaea https://www.basf.com/sg/en/company/innovation/our-research/asia-pacific/mumbai-innovation-campus.html
  49. 49. 10/03/2018 4949 Lego (Denmark) Plastic construction Toys Capacity: 72 million units / year Jobs: 1200 MUSD: ND Factory of the Future score: 8 The new state-of-the art factory will be built and run with the same technology, automation and standards for employee safety and product quality as our LEGO factories in Denmark, Hungary, Czech Republic and Mexico. The LEGO Group currently does not operate its own manufacturing facility in China, but with the new production site including moulding, decoration and packaging facilities. "Based on our current expectations for growth in Asia, the factory should be able to supply approximately 70-80 percent of all the LEGO products sold in the region in 2017. All products made in the new factory will be sold in Asia", says Michael McNulty, Senior Vice President. The factory will feature solar panels and other initiatives to reduce its environmental impact. It also has a high focus on integrating sustainable solutions from recycling and reusing waste and water to minimising the energy consumption. It will covers 6,500 m2 automated high bay warehouse, 24 metres high with a capacity of more than 400,000 storage boxes. "The LEGO Group has global standards for work place safety. We have a program in place to reduce the number of work related injuries", says the company. Jiaxing (Zhejiang), China Opening: S2 2016 https://www.lego.com/en-us/aboutus/news-room/2016/november/jiaxing-factory-solar-panels
  50. 50. 10/03/2018 5050 JR Simplot (USA) Beef meat Capacity: 1700 cows / day Jobs: 700 MUSD: 130 Factory of the Future score: 8 The new meat packing plant, the company said, is going to be the newest, most modern plant of its kind in the nation once completed. "We have nothing to hide here and we like to be transparent. We work hard to design these plants and make them modern, sustainable, clean and easy for the farmers and animals". From the cowhide to the hooves, the animal products will be used to create steak, ground beef, leather goods and dried out bone or blood meal for things like dog food and garden fertilizer. Even the methane gas produced by the cows is used at the plant. This leather will be used to make leather goods such as shoes, accessories, rugs, saddles and more. The plant will incorporate all the latest food safety interventions. 180 degrees water will clean the plant, wash and clean the newly cut beef and will be used in the cowhide process. A modern ventilation system will keep the air within and outside of the plant from being polluted by dust and gas. The plant will help beef ranchers and local dairy farms prepare beef to be individually packaged for sale. The new plant will fill opening jobs with local residents. Many career opportunities are available including fabrication, harvest, packaging, warehousing, maintenance, rendering and more. The new facility is lined with windows that allow tourists, ranchers and employees to watch the process from the outside of the plant. Kuna (Idaho), United States Opening: S1 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Temple Grandin http://www.simplot.com/industrial
  51. 51. 10/03/2018 5151 VBC Group (India) Nitrogen fertilizers Capacity: ND Jobs: 1500 MUSD: 1491 Factory of the Future score: 7 The new greenfield project will have two ammonia units with a capacity to produce 2200 tonnes per day (tpd) ammonia each and a 3850 tonnes per day (tpd) prilled urea aggregating to 2.52 mtpa of urea. The project would also house a 330,000 tpa ammonium nitrate plant and 264,000 tpa nitric acid plant. It would have a captive power plant (CPP) comprising two units of 67.5 MW rating. The Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (APPCB) conducted a public hearing on the proposed project at Jayanatipuram. For example, the total cost is 1,4 bn USD, out of which 10 MUSD has been earmarked for pollution control equipment. The company also should give priority and recruit local youth instead of “importing someone from Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Karnataka.” Nandigama (Andhra Pradesh), India Opening: S2 2017 Partners, customers, suppliers: Bhagawathi Ana Labs http://vfcl.co/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/gallery4.png
  52. 52. 10/03/2018 5252 AmulFed Dairy (India) Powdered milk Capacity: 90 000 litres / day Jobs: ND MUSD: 59 Factory of the Future score: 9 The plant will make multiple value-added products. The new plant features GEA Farm Technologies’ most advanced safety system and uses hygienic architectural design principles. Use of a mechanical vapour re-compression (MVR) system from GEA within the evaporation plant will reduce energy costs and the CO2 footprint to minimise the environmental load. Use of a reverse osmosis (RO) polisher to treat the milk condensate from the evaporation plant and recycle the water for reuse within the plant will significantly reduce water usage, with the plant approaching zero liquid discharge concept. The inclusion of GEA SANICIPTM bag filters in series with cyclones will help in reducing emissions to the atmosphere. The plant will be designed to operate in fully automated mode. This includes the powder production, conveying, storage, packing, and final packed product conveying, and a complete management information system. Ghandinagar (Gujarat), India Opening: S1 2019 Partners, customers, suppliers: GEA Group / Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) http://www.amul.com/
  53. 53. 10/03/2018 5353 Caithness Energy (USA) Gas-fired combined cycle power Capacity: 1029 MW Jobs: 20 MUSD: 800 Factory of the Future score: 10 This state-of-the-art power plant will benefit from significant advantages over competing power plants in the region, including direct access to abundant gas supplies, low cost to construct, and a substantially lower heat rate providing greater operating efficiency. Additionally, the power plant is being built with the latest technology to achieve the lowest possible air emissions and ultra-low noise during operations. The dry-cooling technology used by the plant means that water usage is 99% less than a same size plant using traditional cooling technology. The power plant will include two identical power trains each equipped with a GE 7HA.02 combustion turbine, a generator, a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG), a steam turbine, control system and associated power plant equipment. It will operate in a single-shaft combined cycle configuration providing the capability to run one unit while the other is offline. Gemma expects to employ an average of 200 skilled and non-skilled workers and a peak workforce of about 500. In addition to direct payroll benefits, the construction and operation of the plant will provide non-direct income to the community. The annual maintenance budget for the plant will be about $20 million, with half of that money being spent locally. The plant will provide a significant contribution to the local tax base, including taxes for schools. Wilkes-Barre (Pennsylvania), USA Opening: S1 2019 Provider: Cabot Oil & Gas / South Jersey Resources Group Construction: EthosEnergy / Gemma Power Systems / General Electric http://www.caithnessmoxiefreedom.com/moxie/
  54. 54. 10/03/2018 5454 Apex power Group / Caithness (USA) Gas based power Capacity: 1650 MW Jobs: 25 MUSD: ND Factory of the Future score: 7 Guernsey Power Station will contribute substantial dollars in local taxes to the local community and the Rolling Hills Local School District. The project will generate up to 500 construction jobs during peak construction phases. This "modern plants will burn one-third less fuel per unit of electricity generated than older plants. In addition, the advanced gas turbine technology available today is cleaner, reducing emissions of key air quality substances 90 percent or more per unit of electricity generated", the company said. The cooling system for the steam turbine will be a closed cycle air-cooled condenser rather than a traditional water-cooled condenser. While more expensive, air-cooled condensers reduce water consumption by as much as 95 percent, minimizing the need for additional water treatment chemicals and significantly reducing wastewater generation. Guernsey Power Station will be a state-of-the- art electric generating facility using the latest combined-cycle technology. The plant will be built to the highest possible standards using the latest emissions-control and noise-reducing technologies, while ensuring public safety and protecting the environment. Cambridge (Ohio), USA Opening: S2 2020 http://www.apexpower.com/
  55. 55. 10/03/2018 55 Trendeo’s analysts collect information throughout a panel of 200 000 international press sources. Every relevant project detected through some keyword expressions is analyzed and described along some 40 fields such as sector, capacity, customers, jobs created, completion date and so on. Relevant projects, in this database, are: manufacturing, R&D, logistics or energy projects with more than $30 million investment. Every data collected is analysed by our analysts, and a final appreciation on the six Factory of the Future criteria is expressed through our scoring. Of course, our score rely heavily upon the content of the informations given by investors. Some investors will adopt very advanced practices but will not communicate about them, and other can be tempted to over communicate about their practices. Our project aims, in this first stage, at detecting which practices are said to be the best ones, and at collecting a database of those practices. Our data are opened to research projects dedicated to Industry of the Future studies. This database is an extension of a database Trendeo created in 2009 for France, which tracks job creating investments (and job suppressions) in this country. Since 2009, we observed a good correlation between net job creation as seen through Trendeo’s database and French official statistics. Our aim at the global level is to replicate this tool, to reflect the trends of the world industry, both quantitatively and qualitatively. 55 Methodology
  56. 56. 10/03/2018 56 Trendeo: David Cousquer, +33(1) 42 79 51 26 david.cousquer@trendeo.net Fives: Claire Mathieu-André, +33(0)1 45 23 76 21 claire.mathieu-andre@fivesgroup.com EDF R&D: Emmanuel Vaille, +33 (0)1 40 42 51 40 emmanuel.vaille@edf.fr Institut de la Réindustrialisation : Gwénaël Guillemot, +33 (0)6 72 71 62 99 gguillemot@institutreindus.fr 56 Contacts

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