Tea is a Drink which is prepared by an infusionof leaves, flowers, roots of tea or Camelliasinensis.WHAT IS TEA?
The infusion is prepared with hot water; Each variety acquires a taste defined accordingto the processing used; You can include oxidation, fermentation andcontact with other herbs, spices and fruits.WHAT IS TEA?
The word "tea" is alsopopularly used to refer toany infusion of fruits,leaves, roots or herbs,such as chamomile orlemon balm, not evencontaining tea leaves.WHAT IS TEA?
CULTIVATIONIn Europe it is grown in the Azores, whereabout 40 tons are produced annually.
TEA IN PORTUGALPortugal had pioneered the introduction of tea inEurope:1. In its consumption;2. In its cultivation (1750).
TEA IN PORTUGALIn 1750 were produced on the island of SãoMiguel, in areas of micro-climate, as Porto Formosoand Chapels, 10 kg of black tea and 8 kg of greentea.
TEA IN PORTUGALOnly a century later, with the arrival ofskilled labor, its production became regular,through its industrialization.
TEA IN PORTUGALCurrently the tea produced in theAzores, under the brands Gorreana andPorto Formoso, is considered anorganic tea. Being a current idea in the markets,it is something that is practiced in theAzores for hundreds of years.
TEA IN PORTUGALThe processing of tea, from the care ofthe bushes to harvest, has been the samefor 250 years. This tea has virtually its entireproduction split between the Azores, theisland community in the diaspora and theUK.
Originating in China, tea wasintroduced to Europe by thePortuguese in the sixteenthcentury.THE HISTORY OF TEA
One of the most typicallyBritish habits, the "tea party“,was introduced at the Englishcourt by Catarina de Bragança,Portuguese princess, daughterof D. John IV, when she marriedCharles III of England.THE HISTORY OF TEA
Catarina de Bragança had one ofthe most exotic and lavish dowryof History: 500,000 pounds of gold; Free trade of England with thePortuguese possessions (Asia,Africa and America); A box of tea.THE HISTORY OF TEA
THE HISTORY OF TEA The dowry of D. Catherine was crucial to thefuture of the English empire. The tea would forever change the lives of Englishpeople, becoming an integral element of theirpersonality and habits.
THE HISTORY OF TEA The ritual of “Tea Party" is associated with thetraditional scones and marmalade. The latter wasalso introduced by D. Catarina of Bragança in theUK.
Tea is traditionally used in its countries oforigin as a beneficial health drink.All types of tea have virtually the samesubstances, but in very different concentrationsdue to preparation processes.INFLUENCES ON HEALTH
Recently, scientists have dedicatedthemselves to studying the effects of tea onbody as well as to better understand thesubstances that promote these effects.INFLUENCES ON HEALTH
INFLUENCES ON HEALTHIt should be noted that excessive consumption, orconsumption of tea poorly maintained or poorlyprepared, also has negative effects on health.
INFLUENCES ON HEALTHThe tea has in its composition: Fluoride (cause osteoporosis, arthritis and arecarcinogenic); Caffeine (causing insomnia); Exalatos (cause kidney problems).
INFLUENCES ON HEALTH But generally it can be said that the tea isparticularly beneficial, because all these substanceshave beneficial effects if ingested in small amounts.
INFLUENCES ON HEALTHThe leaves of Camellia sinensis are rich inflavonoids, a type of polyphenol potentantioxidants.
PREPARATIONThe best way to prepare tea is: Place the leaves in a teapot; Boiling water is added and theinfusion should be maintainedfor 30 seconds to 5 minutes; Using a strainer separates theleaves from water; It is usual to add sugar orhoney to tea, lemon, milk andfruit jelly.