Planned, Personal Experience of Discrimination</li></ul>Allport and the contact hypothesis:<br /><ul><li>Argued that intergroup contact would only lead to decreased prejudice under the following four conditions:
Personalised acquaintance (“that leads to the perception of common interests and humanity”)
Support for the contact by authorities or local norms</li></ul>Support for theory<br /><ul><li>Has received support in many studies, conducted in various situations and with stigmatised social groups (from foreign students to the elderly).
Pettigrew and Tropp conducted a meta-analysis of 203 studies on intergroup contact as an influence on varied measures of prejudice.
94% of these studies found an inverse relationship between contact and prejudice.
Findings also showed that the intergroup contact’s prejudice-reducing effects can generalise to new social situations, whole outgroup or to other outgroups</li></ul>Different models of contact<br />* 3 related, but different, views as to the most effective way to conduct intergroup contact interventions:<br />1) Decategorisation: initial ingroup-outgroup catergorisations are weakened and taken over by other cross-cutting similarities between members. E.g. that outgroup member is like me in doing, thinking, or feeling<br />2) Recategorisation: ingroup-outgroup categorisation is weakened by uniting both groups in a common superordinate identity. E.g. We are all Australians<br />3) Mutual differentiation: recommends maintaining the initial social catergory but explicitly emphasising that the groups are mutually interdependent. E.g. our groups are different, but we need to work together to accomplish this goal.<br />Spotlighting Value conflicts<br /><ul><li>Combines cognitive and motivational bases for reducing prejudice.
Focused on showing inconsistencies in the person’s values.
This engages their self-concept and often develops guilt motivation.
Aims to motivate people to change their beliefs and behaviour in the direction of consistency with key underlying values such as fairness and equality.</li></ul>Planned, Personal Experience of Discrimination<br /><ul><li>An interactive, experiential method
Majority group members exposed to prejudice and discrimination that minority-group individuals undergo every day.
Expectation: more empathy and better understanding of the problems of minorities.
Jane Eliot’s Brown Eyes, Blue Eyes exercise...