Personality Disorders<br />ANTI-SOCIAL<br />BORDERLINE<br />
Personality Disorders<br />Affects entire life adjustment of the person<br />Rigid, maladaptive pattern of behaviour and w...
The Personality Disorders<br />
Antisocial Personality Disorder<br />Literally “against society”<br />Sometimes called a sociopath, habitually breaks the ...
Criticisms Of ASPD<br />DSM-IV-TR considers ASPD and psychopathy to be the same, or similar – BUT ASPD is diagnosed via be...
Borderline Personality Disorder<br />Intense and relatively unstable relationships with other people<br />Often moody, man...
Causes<br />
Behavioural - Cognitive <br />Specific behaviour learned over time through reinforcement, shaping and modeling.<br />Belie...
Biological<br />Close biological relatives of people with disorders (e.g. antisocial, schizotypal and borderline) are more...
Diathesis-Stress<br />Disturbances in family relationships and communication have also been linked to personality disorder...
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Q2 L05 personality disorders

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Q2 L05 personality disorders

  1. 1. Personality Disorders<br />ANTI-SOCIAL<br />BORDERLINE<br />
  2. 2. Personality Disorders<br />Affects entire life adjustment of the person<br />Rigid, maladaptive pattern of behaviour and ways of relating to others.<br />Difficulty in fitting in with others or have relatively normal social relationships.<br />Three basic categories listed in DSM-IV: those seen as odd or eccentric by others, those in which their behaviour is very dramaticor erratic, and those in which the main emotion is anxiety or fearfulness.<br />10 recognised types of personality disorders.<br />
  3. 3. The Personality Disorders<br />
  4. 4. Antisocial Personality Disorder<br />Literally “against society”<br />Sometimes called a sociopath, habitually breaks the law, disobey rules, tells lies, uses other people without emotional concern.<br />Stigma of serial killer – but most are not killers!<br />Gender difference – three to six times as many males diagnosed as females<br />Typically evident by age of 15<br />
  5. 5. Criticisms Of ASPD<br />DSM-IV-TR considers ASPD and psychopathy to be the same, or similar – BUT ASPD is diagnosed via behavior and social deviance whereas psychopathyincludes affective and interpersonal personality factors.<br />Nearly 80%–95% of felons will meet criteria for ASPD whereas psychopathy is found in only roughly 20% of inmates<br />American Psychiatric Association states in the DSM-IV-TR that "psychopathy" and "sociopathy" are now obsolete synonyms.<br />
  6. 6. Borderline Personality Disorder<br />Intense and relatively unstable relationships with other people<br />Often moody, manipulative, untrusting of others, self-mutilating behaviour<br />May engage in excessive spending, drug abuse or suicidal behaviour (may be part of manipulation used against others in a relationship)<br />Confusion over identity issues, in which the person may be unable to focus on life goals, career choices, friendships and even sexual behaviour.<br />Two in every 100 in Australia (SANE, 2004). Two to three times more likely for women<br />Fatal Attraction<br />
  7. 7. Causes<br />
  8. 8. Behavioural - Cognitive <br />Specific behaviour learned over time through reinforcement, shaping and modeling.<br />Belief systems formed by the personality disordered person.<br />
  9. 9. Biological<br />Close biological relatives of people with disorders (e.g. antisocial, schizotypal and borderline) are more likely to have these disorders than those who are not related.<br />Adoption studies of children whose biological parents had antisocial personality disorder show an increased risk for that disorder.<br />Some research shows a greater risk of schizophrenia in relatives of people with schizotypal personality disorder. Only a small proportion of people with schizotypal develop full-blown schizophrenia.<br />
  10. 10. Diathesis-Stress<br />Disturbances in family relationships and communication have also been linked to personality disorders and, in particular, antisocial personality disorder.<br />Childhood abuse, neglect, overly strict parenting, over-protective parenting, and parental rejection have all been put forth as possible causes.<br />

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