Congress

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Congress

  1. 1. Congress<br />MAKES LAWS<br />
  2. 2. Things to Know:<br /><ul><li>Differences between representatives and senators
  3. 3. Who are your representatives
  4. 4. Purpose of reapportionment
  5. 5. Why redistricting is controversial
  6. 6. List the leadership roles in the House and Senate
  7. 7. Purpose of a filibuster</li></li></ul><li>The National Legislature<br />Bicameral: 2 houses<br />Senate: 2 x 50=100<br />House of Representatives: 435 based on pop.<br />Terms: 2 years, January to December<br />Recess: holidays, vacations<br />Adjourn: vote for break<br />
  8. 8. Who are the members of Congress?<br /><ul><li>Average member is white male in his fifties
  9. 9. Diversity is growing: 77 women, 39 African-Americans, 23 Latinos, 5 Asian Americans, 3 Native Americans</li></ul>Duties of Congress:<br />Pass Laws<br />Represent what they think is best for their constituents<br />Oversee the workings of the federal government<br />Help their constituents solve problems with the federal government<br />VOCAB CHECK:<br />What is a constituent?<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Your Representatives: The Incumbents<br />Senate<br /><ul><li>Barbara Boxer
  12. 12. Democrat
  13. 13. Elected 1993
  14. 14. Age 69
  15. 15. Diane Feinstein
  16. 16. Democrat
  17. 17. Elected 1992
  18. 18. Age 76</li></ul>House of Representatives<br /><ul><li>Barbara Lee
  19. 19. (9th District)
  20. 20. Oakland
  21. 21. Democrat
  22. 22. Elected 1998
  23. 23. Age 64
  24. 24. Committee on Appropriations
  25. 25. Financial Services
  26. 26. Labor, Health & Human Services, Education
  27. 27. Committee on Foreign Affairs
  28. 28. Africa and Global Health
  29. 29. The Western Hemisphere</li></li></ul><li>Apportionment: Seats in the House<br />Key Terms<br /><ul><li>Reapportionment
  30. 30. Census changes representation every 10 years
  31. 31. Redistricting
  32. 32. Drawing new districts on the map
  33. 33. Determining who to represent
  34. 34. Gerrymandering
  35. 35. Creating a district in favor of one party
  36. 36. Redistricting bias</li></ul>When is the next census?<br />
  37. 37. The House of Representatives<br />Democrats (Majority Party)<br />Speaker: Nancy Pelosi<br />Leader: Steny Hoyer<br />Whip: James Clyburn<br />Republicans (Minority Party)<br />Leader: John Boehner<br />Whip: Eric Cantor<br />next in line to president after VP; appoints committees; presiding officer<br />Criticizes majority party programs; helps speaker; schedules bills; guides party;<br />helps speaker; schedules bills; guides party;<br />assistant to leader; talks to reps. before a vote an tries to convince them how to vote<br />assistant to leader; talks to reps. before a vote an tries to convince them how to vote<br />What is a caucus?<br />
  38. 38. House Committees<br />Committee: small group of representatives who work on the details of a bill<br />Only 10-20% of bills are “reported out of committee”<br />House Rules Committee: “traffic cop”<br />Decides how fast a bill will be voted on<br />Can keep bills from being voted on<br />Can limit how long a bill is debated on<br />
  39. 39. The Senate<br />President of the Senate: Joseph Biden<br />President Pro Tempore: Robert Byrd<br />Majority Leader: Harry Reid<br />Minority Leader: Mitch McConnell<br />
  40. 40. Filibuster<br />Filibuster: talk until a bill is withdrawn (minority power)<br />Cloture: limit the time length of filibuster <br /> (3/5ths majority)<br />
  41. 41. Get Your Congress On!<br />C-SPAN: Cable Television airs non-stop coverage of government proceedings and public affairs programming. <br />

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