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Hum40 modern-religions-f11


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Hum40 modern-religions-f11

  1. 1. Vernacular Religion Projects Humanities 40: Fall 2011
  2. 2. From Early Modern to Modern Religion (Americas)
  3. 3. culture Absolute transcendence (predestination) Disenchantment of the world Secularism (e.g., Deism, Founding Fathers of Constitution) Science society Religiously disciplined self-rule Holy commonwealth vs. Holy association Self-governing nation state (democratic) Self-regulating market personality This worldly ascetism (inner-directed) conscience Individualism
  4. 4. Yoruba religion
  5. 5. syncretism: the amalgamation or merging of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought
  6. 6. Yoruban religion and Catholicism (Cuba)
  7. 7. Santería
  8. 8. primal energy that comprises the power, grace, blood, and life force ashé
  9. 13. “ Lord of the Head, King of Purity” He is the most powerful orisha. Obatala
  10. 17. Sikhism and Catholicism compared
  11. 18. Sikhism <ul><li>Monotheistic, revealed religion </li></ul><ul><li>Originated in the 15 th century in the Punjab region of today’s India and Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Gurus from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh. </li></ul><ul><li>The eleventh and eternal Guru is the holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. </li></ul>
  12. 19. Sikh Gurus
  13. 20. The 5 K’s – displays of commitment <ul><li>Kesh: uncut hair </li></ul><ul><li>Kangha: wooden comb </li></ul><ul><li>Kirpan: sword </li></ul><ul><li>Kachera: undergarments </li></ul><ul><li>Kara: iron bangle </li></ul>
  14. 22. Worship in Sikhism <ul><li>Sikhs strive to achieve the union of the soul with God </li></ul><ul><li>Central elements: discipline, worship, selfless service </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer consists of reading and meditating on the word of God and the teachings of the gurus as written down in the Guru Granth Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>Communal prayer involves recitals and chants from the holy scriptures </li></ul>
  15. 23. Roman Catholic Worship <ul><li>Sequence of actions lead by a priest, aided by altar boys and laypeople </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of readings, singing of psalms, prayers </li></ul><ul><li>Involves body movements: standing, sitting, kneeling, folding hands </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Communion as a highly symbolic ritual </li></ul>
  16. 24. Historic vs. Early Modern Religion <ul><li>Roman Catholicism </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchical structure </li></ul><ul><li>Priests as facilitators of worship </li></ul><ul><li>Church hierarchy interprets the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on faith and symbolic ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Sikhism </li></ul><ul><li>Nonhierarchical structure </li></ul><ul><li>Laypeople as facilitators of worship </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on reading the Guru Granth Sahib </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on faith and living faith in the present </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on earthly life </li></ul>
  17. 25. First Presbyterian Church
  18. 26. First Presbyterian Church
  19. 27. First Presbyterian Church
  20. 28. Newman Catholic Church
  21. 29. Newman Catholic Church
  22. 30. Newman Catholic Church
  23. 31. Newman Catholic Church
  24. 32. Newman Catholic Church
  25. 33. Berkeley Buddhist Temple
  26. 34. Berkeley Buddhist Temple
  27. 35. Berkeley Buddhist Temple
  28. 36. Berkeley Buddhist Temple
  29. 37. City of Tembilahan
  30. 38. Vihara
  31. 39. Chinese New Year 2010
  32. 40. People of Tembilahan
  33. 41. I used to dance like this…
  34. 42. Congregation
  35. 43. Worshipping
  36. 44. Holy Spirit
  37. 45. Holy Spirit <ul><li>2. How to feel the presence of the HOLY SPIRIT? We don’t have to ask God, where are You? Because the Holy Spirit himself will tell and let you feel God’s presences. By: anointing, the flows of the Holy Spirit through your body. The first encounter with the Holy spirit into your spirit is when you have receive Jesus as your savior. </li></ul><ul><li>1 Corinthians 6: 19. “Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own” </li></ul>
  38. 46. Holy Spirit <ul><li>This Holy Spirit / the wellspring of living water, is to guide us to meet our need . This water will be sure </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 33: 16. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is the man who will dwell on the heights, whose refuge will be the mountain fortress. His bread will be supplied, and water will not fail him.” </li></ul>
  39. 47. Holy Spirit <ul><li>How do you welcome Holy Spirit? </li></ul><ul><li>To allow language to flow </li></ul><ul><li>You have to speak </li></ul><ul><li>Think about how much you love him </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxes in confidence </li></ul><ul><li>God will perfect your phrase </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 21: 16. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Do you hear what these children are saying?&quot; they asked him. &quot;Yes,&quot; replied Jesus, &quot;have you never read, &quot; 'From the lips of children and infants you have ordained praise”  </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: every born-again believer from the Greatest to the Least can speak in other tongues. ***devil might discourage you that it is silly </li></ul><ul><li>To say stuff like that so on and so forth. Because they don’t want you to have the connection with God. </li></ul><ul><li>Pray in tongue everyday to practices </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t have to worry. Because very people that confess to Jesus and receive him as the savior they will get speaking in tongue from Jesus himself. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  40. 48. THE PRAYER <ul><li>Father, I come to you now in the Name of Jesus. I have receives Jesus as my Savior and the lord of my life, and I stand before you now, cleansed by the precious blood he shade for me. Lord, you said in your word that the promise of the Holy Spirit is for me. So in faith I take You at Your Word. I ask You to Baptize me and fill me to overflowing with your own precious Holy Spirit. Thank You, Lord, for fulfilling Your Promise to me. I fully expect now for the Holy Spirit to rise up within me as I pray and give me utterance in other tongues. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  41. 49. Seven Dimensions of the Sacred
  42. 51. Slam Poetry was founded by Marc Smith in 1986 at Chicago’s Green Mill Cocktail lounge. The first Slam team, Team Vancouver, formed in 1996. <ul><li>Venues across the United States of America currently hold Poetry Slams to this day. </li></ul>
  43. 52. BERKELEY POETRY SLAM <ul><li>The First Dimension </li></ul><ul><li>of the Sacred of “Ritual” is present in the very gather of people who pilgrimage from near by locations and from across the nation every Wednesday to participate in the Berkeley Slam. </li></ul>
  44. 53. Participation in Slam <ul><li>In order to participate in the competition people must come at 7:30 pm for a draw which incorporates both the First Dimension of the Sacred as well as the Fifth dimension of the Sacred (ethical or legal). </li></ul>Participation in Slam
  45. 54. <ul><li>At 7:30 pm the Slam Master Betsy Gomez, who is the highest authority of the slam and embodies the Sixth dimension of “organizational or social” , facilitates the draw. The draw consists of a lottery where poets pull numbers from a tin can. During the first draw six poets are chosen and the rest are put back in the tin can for a second lottery near 8:30pm. A total of twelve poets are chosen for the night to compete. </li></ul>Participation in Slam
  46. 55. fulfillment is not only earned by achieving the title of first place, but also $100 cash prize is given to the winner, while second place receives $30 cash prize and third place receives $20. <ul><li>The anticipation from 7:30pm to 8:30pm is one of great intensity and anxiety centered around the Fourth Dimension . Poets are filled with great emotion over winning and being successful in the slam , which can be considered a lack of fulfillment (connected to the state of the mind and body) that can only be attained by winning the slam. This </li></ul>Participation in Slam
  47. 56. <ul><li>Embodying the spirit of the First Dimension of “Ritual”, many poets come back every week to attain the fulfillment of taking first place. During the hour of waiting, poets discuss their Second Dimension “Doctrinal or Philosophical” beliefs on what the best strategy is to win the slam. </li></ul>Participation in Slam
  48. 57. Participation in Slam At 8:30 pm, the host/mc for the evening, which is also connected to the Sixth Dimension “Social” aspect , greets the audience and begins the competition. First, the host goes over the Fifth Dimension “Ethical” aspects , which includes picking five random judges from the audience to judge the competition from a scale of zero to ten and explaining the rules .The host also explains the job of the audience as far as the Fifth dimensional Ethical Code , which is to &quot;boo&quot; the judges if they disagree with the scores given. Once this is done, the host does not go straight into the competition of twelve poets, a sacrificial poet is required, which incorporates the “First Dimension”.
  49. 58. <ul><li>Poets uses the Third Dimension, “Narratives” , in the “ Artistic form ” of a poem ( the seventh dimension ) , to entice the mind state of the judges through the Fourth Dimension . In all, poetry slam is a game and the winner is the poet who can create the most meaningful altered state of consciousness by controlling the audience's emotions. </li></ul>Participation in Slam
  50. 59. Myrlin Hepworth Phoenix, Arizona
  51. 60. <ul><li>The Slam Poetry community has nothing to do with race, gender, class, sexuality or beliefs. The power of the word transcends all social standers and brings together a community of diversity. At the end of the night many of the poets who have competed participate in recreational activities such as drinking, smoking herbs and conversations that has nothing to do with competition. Slam Poetry is the communal gather which allows the sacred space for these connections to happen. </li></ul>Berkeley Poetry Slam
  52. 62. Does the Sacred Depend on Words? <ul><li>The sacred does not depend on whether words are used or not. Both Slam Poetry and the silent Hot Tubs, embodies Ninian Smart's seven dimensions of the sacred. </li></ul><ul><li>Are society is based on individualism and attainment, places where people are able to come together and share common experience allows for the sacred to be present. By sharing common experience allows people to connect with other people and thus able to identify with that person on an intimate level. </li></ul><ul><li>Although, the sacred can indeed be found in the self, it is much more powerful when it is summoned and experience with others, because as human beings we are naturally communal. This creates a collective memory as well as a support system to understand the sacred. </li></ul>
  53. 63. Electric Daisy Carnival
  54. 64.
  55. 65.