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Hum1 podcast-f11-week7-music-online


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Hum1 podcast-f11-week7-music-online

  1. 1. Sounding: Experiencing Music From Around the World If you can speak you can sing; if you can walk you can dance. (Zimbabwean Shona proverb )
  2. 2. Activity 1 <ul><li>How do you use music in your everyday life? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you (or your friends or family) ever make music? If so, how? </li></ul><ul><li>It is not easy to express in words why you like or value a kind of music or performance. Try it, with one piece of music you really love. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Warrior Song
  4. 4. I Wish It Would Rain
  5. 5. Activity 2 <ul><li>Compare and contrast these two forms of music. </li></ul><ul><li>What were the major themes of each (in other words, what ideas, topics, or experiences did each piece address)? </li></ul><ul><li>How did each piece make you feel? </li></ul><ul><li>What functions or purposes did each piece serve? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare constructions of masculinity and femininity in each piece. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Activity 3 What kinds of music do you listen to when you’re: (a) sad (b) angry (c) happy?
  7. 7. What is Music?
  8. 8. Identify the sound s in the following pieces… Are these forms of expression music ? Explain…
  9. 9. “ Music is organized sound.”
  10. 10. The Musical Brain
  11. 11. Seven Elements of Music* <ul><li>Pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Tempo </li></ul><ul><li>Contour </li></ul><ul><li>Timbre </li></ul><ul><li>Loudness </li></ul><ul><li>Reverberation </li></ul><ul><li>*Daniel Levitin. 2006. This Is Your Brain on Music. New York: Plume. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Seven Elements of Music: TEMPO* WHAT IS THE TEMPO OF THE FOLLOWING SONGS?
  13. 13. Seven Elements of Music* <ul><li>Pitch : a purely psychological construct, related to both the actual frequency of a particular tone and to its relative position in the musical scale. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Seven Elements of Music* 2. Rhythm : the duration of a series of notes, the way they group together into units
  15. 15. Seven Elements of Music* 3. Tempo : the overall speed or pace of the piece
  16. 16. Seven Elements of Music* 4. Contour : the overall shape of a melody, taking into account only the pattern of “up” and “down”
  17. 17. Seven Elements of Music* 5. Timbre : the way a single instrument can change sound as it moves across its range; the “tonal color” produced in part by overtones from the instrument’s vibrations
  18. 18. Seven Elements of Music* 6. Loudness : how much energy an instrument creates, or how much air it displaces; the amplitude of a tone
  19. 19. Seven Elements of Music* 7. Reverberation : perception of how distant the source is from us in combination with how large a room or hall the music is in; sometimes called “echo” by laypeople
  20. 20. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 1. Melody : the main theme of a musical piece, the succession of tones that are most prominent in the mind (“sticks out” the most).
  21. 21. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 2. Harmony : the relationship between pitches of different tones; e.g., chord progressions, or clusters of notes that form a context and background on which the melody can rest
  22. 22. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 3. Meter : the ways in which tones are grouped with one another across time (e.g., waltz: groups of three, march: groups of four)
  23. 23. Higher-Order Concepts of Music* 4. Key : the hierarchy of importance that exists between tones in a musical piece
  24. 24. Pitches: Instrumentation
  25. 25. Six Functions of Music* <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Joy </li></ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>*Daniel Levitin. 2008. The World in Six Songs: How the Musical Brain Created Human Nature. New York: Dutton. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Friendship <ul><li>Waging War: Tribal Attacks & Drum Music </li></ul><ul><li>Defending Against Attack: The Mekranoti Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting Prey: Synchronous, Coordinated Song and Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Forming Work Crews: Increase Productivity and Kinship With Others </li></ul><ul><li>Easing Tensions: Formation of Larger Social Groups </li></ul>
  27. 27. Friendship <ul><li>Waging War: Tribal Attacks & Drum Music </li></ul><ul><li>Defending Against Attack: The Mekranoti Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting Prey: Synchronous, Coordinated Song and Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Forming Work Crews: Increase Productivity and Kinship With Others </li></ul><ul><li>Easing Tensions: Formation of Larger Social Groups </li></ul>
  28. 28. Joy <ul><li>Feeling Good: Optimizing Health and Experiencing Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Healing Ourselves: Well-being, Stress Reduction, and Immune System Boosting (Oxytocin, Serotonin) </li></ul><ul><li>Surviving Everyday Life: “TRIPping”: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tension </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reaction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imagination </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prediction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Comfort <ul><li>Hearing Soothing Sounds: Lullabies and Background Music </li></ul><ul><li>Consoling Tunes: Pain, Alienation, and Loss </li></ul>
  30. 30. Knowledge <ul><li>Music as Memory and Information Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Oral/Aural Transmission </li></ul>
  31. 31. Religion <ul><li>Searching for Meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Improving Suffering, Connecting to the Sacred </li></ul>
  32. 32. Love <ul><li>Increasing Intimacy and Caring with Others </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic, Biological, Psychological, and Social Bonding </li></ul>
  33. 33. More Case Studies in Musical Expression
  34. 34. Vedic Chanting <ul><li>Krama: ab / bc / cd / de </li></ul><ul><li>Mala: ab /ba/ ab/ bc/ cb/ bc/ cd/ dc </li></ul><ul><li>Jata: abbaab/ bccbbc/ cddccd/ deedde </li></ul>
  35. 35. Barbetuques
  36. 36. Questions: Barbetuques <ul><li>What did this form of music and dance remind you of? </li></ul><ul><li>What rhythmic patterns were being used? </li></ul><ul><li>How did this music make you feel? </li></ul>
  37. 37. Jazz (Parts 1-6)
  38. 38. Questions: Jazz <ul><li>What is jazz? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What historical changes took place during its birth? </li></ul><ul><li>3. How did this form of music become a way of communicating between blacks and whites? </li></ul>
  39. 39. The “Hard” History of Hip-Hop
  40. 40. Gathering Evidence While listening to or watching the following the clips, describe as accurately as possible the characteristics of hip-hop as a musical form.
  41. 41. More Gathering of Evidence For 2-minutes, write down two arguments, one agreeing and the other disagreeing with the following proposition.
  43. 43. Proposition Hip-hop is little more “than an updated face on the old-hat, crude, anti-humanistic values of hedonism (pleasure-seeking) and materialism (wealth-display).” “ There's nothing whatsoever that's seriously radical or progressive about hip-hop ideas and values.” Martin Kilson
  44. 44. Debate ASSIGN ROLES In your group, count out loud up to the number 5.
  45. 45. Debate <ul><li>Now take on the following role: </li></ul><ul><li>Proponent (1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>Opponent (3-4) </li></ul><ul><li>Referee (5) </li></ul>
  46. 46. Debate <ul><li>Proponent: Agree with Proposition </li></ul><ul><li>Opponent: Disagree with Proposition </li></ul><ul><li>Referee: Direct Debate, Manage Time, </li></ul><ul><li>and Facilitate Conversation </li></ul>
  47. 47. Debate: Rules <ul><li>Proponents start debate by giving a 2-minute argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Opponents continue debate by giving a 2-minute argument. </li></ul><ul><li>Referee manages discussion by making sure groups take turns, keeping time, writing down persuasive arguments, and declaring a winner. </li></ul>
  48. 48. The Emergence of Electronic Music
  49. 49. The Emergence of Electronic Music
  50. 50. The Emergence of Electronic Music
  51. 51. Film: Modulations <ul><li>Who tends to listen and dance to this music? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the relationship between music, technology, and the environment? </li></ul><ul><li>How is intertextuality used in “electronic” forms of music to engage audiences? </li></ul>