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Year 13 sports studies fatigue technical-exam

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Year 13 sports studies fatigue technical-exam

  1. 1. Year 13 Sports StudiesShort term technical & fatigue examination 1) Define the term ‘ergogenic aids’ and explain why athletes use them in their short-term preparation ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks) 2) Using an example, outline the technical checks that would be made before playing on a specific sports pitch or court ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks) 3) Give a brief outline and comment upon the use of anabolic steroids in sport ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks) 4) Highlight two potential health risks known to be associated with both anabolic steroids and creatine supplements ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________
  2. 2. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks)5) Describe the method of blood doping and its potential for improving endurance performance. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks)6) Explain the difference between preparation and holding camps ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks)7) How can an athlete’s diet after competing aid the recovery process? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
  3. 3. 8) Onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) is important for many athletes. Explain the term and describe why it would be significant for different types of athletes ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (6 marks)9) Identify possible reasons for an increased need for oxygen after exercise once ATP stores have been replenished and all lactic acid has been removed ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (5 marks)10) What is meant by the central governor theory and how is it related to fatigue ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks)11) Explain why a cool down is important within an exercise regime ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks)
  4. 4. 12) Excess Post-exercise Oxygen Consumption (EPOC) is considered to have two components. State two aims of the first component and explain how this is achieved. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (4 marks)13) After a particularly strenuous weight training session, a shot putter may experience muscle soreness immediately after the session and the following day. Explain the reasons for this during both of these times and identify strategies that could be used to keep the pain to a minimum ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ (6 marks) (Total –55 marks)

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