Using SourcesQuotation, Paraphrase, and Summary Photo, Reading-Lectura, taken June 13, 2010 By el rogos available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.
Guidelines for using quotationUse quotations from authorities on your subject tosupport or refute what you write in your paper.Never use a quotation to present yourTHESIS STATEMENT or a TOPICSENTENCE.Select quotations that fit your message.Choose a quotation for these reasons. Its language is particularly appropriate or distinctive. Its idea is particularly hard to paraphrase accurately. The source’s authority is especially important to support your thesis or main point.
Never allow quotations to make up more thana quarter of your paper. Instead, rely onparaphrase . . . and summaries. . .Quote accurately. Always check eachquotation against the original source—andthe recheck it.Avoid PLAGIARISM.Document quotations carefully. (Troyka&Hesse, 2009, p. 575)
Guidelines to using paraphraseon your subjectDecide to paraphrase authoritiesto support or counter what you write in yourpaper.Never use paraphrase to present your THESISSTATEMENT or a TOPIC SENTENCE.Say what the source says, but no more.Reproduce the source’s sequence of ideasand emphases.Use your own words and writing style torestate the material. If some technical wordsin the original have no or awkward synonyms,you may quote the original words—but do sovery sparingly.
Never distort the source’s meaning as youreword and change the writing style.Expect your paraphrases to be as long as,and often longer than, the original.Avoid PLAGIARISM.Enter all DOCUMENTATION precisely andcarefully. (Troyka&Hesse, 2009, p. 581)
Guidelines for using summaryUse summaries from authorities on your subjectto support or refute what you write in your paper.Identify the main points you want tosummarize and condense them using yourown words without losing the meaning of theoriginal source.Never use summary to present your THESISSTATEMENT or a TOPIC SENTENCE.Keep your summary short.
Integrate your summaries smoothly into yourwriting.Avoid PLAGIARISM.Enter all DOCUMENTATION precisely andcarefully. (Troyka&Hesse, 2009, p. 585)
For help with integrating quotation,paraphrase, and summary intoyour own writing check out TheySay/I Say on amazon. Most of thebook is available to preview and allof the templates are available inthe index.
ReferencesTroyka, L., &Hesse, D. (2009). Simon & SchusterHandbook for Writers (9th ed.). Upper SaddleRiver, NJ: Pearson.