Jefferson said it was a blast          against “chains” of “monkish          ignorance and superstition” in          which...
American Rebellion“The spirit of the European Enlightenmentinformed the American Declaration ofIndependence.”   – Reject m...
John Locke 1632-1794Key inspiration for Decl of IndependencePhysician“Two Treatises on Government” (1690) argues consen...
Locke’s Letter on Toleration (1689)“chief identifying mark of the trueChurch”
Locke’s Letter on Toleration(1689)
French Revolution• Murder king!• Began as severe tax  revolt/fiscal crisis, caused   .5 % Clergy &  by French support of  ...
Compare AmericanRebellion/French Revolution       Originated as tax revolts   British caused by fighting French   French...
Some Differences betweenthe Rebellion and theRevolution? • 1. Americans did not kill the king!   – Terror, determined figh...
Declaration of independence
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Declaration of independence

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Declaration of independence

  1. 1. Jefferson said it was a blast against “chains” of “monkish ignorance and superstition” in which men had willingly bound themselvesDeclaration ofIndependence
  2. 2. American Rebellion“The spirit of the European Enlightenmentinformed the American Declaration ofIndependence.” – Reject monarchy/dynastic legitmacy – Began as tax revolt/fiscal crisis – Endorse Equality (white males) – Based on consent of governed – Inalienable Natural Rights – Including Right of Rebellion when rights violated – Written constitution to limit govt power
  3. 3. John Locke 1632-1794Key inspiration for Decl of IndependencePhysician“Two Treatises on Government” (1690) argues consent of people basis of political legitimacySocial contract theoryLimited governmentNatural rightsSeparation of Religion and Govt faith private matter
  4. 4. Locke’s Letter on Toleration (1689)“chief identifying mark of the trueChurch”
  5. 5. Locke’s Letter on Toleration(1689)
  6. 6. French Revolution• Murder king!• Began as severe tax revolt/fiscal crisis, caused .5 % Clergy & by French support of 1.5% Nobles, 1st Americans! and 2nd Estates , all wealth no• Declarations of Rights of taxes Man and Citizen 86% of peasants, 3rd Estate, no wealth all taxes
  7. 7. Compare AmericanRebellion/French Revolution Originated as tax revolts  British caused by fighting French  French caused by aiding Americans @ Brits!
  8. 8. Some Differences betweenthe Rebellion and theRevolution? • 1. Americans did not kill the king! – Terror, determined fight by aristocrats all over Europe • 2. Three thousands miles of ocean • 3. George Washington! (He was not Bonaparte!)

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