Causes Of WW2

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This powerpoint discusses a facet of the WWII unit of Regents U.S. History.

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Causes Of WW2

  1. 1. World War II: Why Did It Happen?
  2. 3. Axis Powers <ul><li>Who were the Axis Powers? </li></ul>GERMANY ITALY AUSTRIA JAPAN
  3. 4. Allied Powers <ul><li>Who were the Allied Powers? </li></ul>GREAT BRITAIN SOVIET UNION UNITED STATES (Soviet Union)
  4. 5. Origins/Causes of WW2 <ul><li>The Versailles Treaty (1919): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The treaty had Germany: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accept the blame of WWI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay reparations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disarm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give up their territories to other countries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Totalitarianism Rises in Europe <ul><li>Fascist Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Soviet Union </li></ul>
  6. 7. Failure through Appeasement <ul><li>Was felt that disarming Germany was unfair </li></ul><ul><li>1934: Germany RE-ARMS </li></ul><ul><li>1936: Germany gets the Rhineland </li></ul><ul><li>Chamberlain’s policy of Appeasement made… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany “happy” by giving into Hitler’s demands </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>1939: Germany storms Poland on land and by air with bombs and tanks. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blitzkrieg: “Lightning War” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A military strategy with advanced technology (faster tanks, more powerful aircrafts) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>3 days later: Poland, Britain, & France declare war on Germany </li></ul>Blitzkrieg in Poland
  8. 9. <ul><li>Persecution of different groups in Europe by the Nazi Regime </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Murder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentration Camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extermination Camps </li></ul></ul>The Holocaust
  9. 10. The Worldwide Depression <ul><li>Many economics collapsed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: The United States & Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. and other depression hit countries were reluctant to trade with one another </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>WHY??? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all countries would JOIN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some countries were not allowed to join </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Germany </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The League had NO army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could not act quick because it only met FOUR times per year </li></ul></ul>Failure of the League of Nations
  11. 12. What is going on with the United States, though?
  12. 13. Isolationism
  13. 14. Isolationism & Neutrality <ul><li>Avoid War = The U.S. Stays Isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality Acts of 1935: The U.S. wants to stay neutral towards other countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bans arms sale or loans to nations at war </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. “ Arsenal of Democracy” <ul><li>Roosevelt, Dec. 1940 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay out of fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BUT help Russians & British fight the Germans by providing them military supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Happened when Germany controlled a lot of Europe and began threatening Britain </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. The U.S. MOVE Towards War <ul><li>Axis Threat: Germany, Italy, & Japan sign a Tripartite Pact </li></ul><ul><li>Lend-Lease Act: Roosevelt in 1941 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lend or lease arms to “any country whose defense was vital to the U.S.” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. The U.S. MOVE Towards War <ul><li>German Wolf Packs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German U-Boats would destroy U.S. ships bringing delivering lend-lease shipments </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. The Atlantic Charter <ul><li>Roosevelt begins to plan for war </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Charter : Joint declaration between Great Britain and the U.S. and pledged… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disarmament </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Determination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the Sea </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WOULD FORM THE ALLIED POWERS! </li></ul>

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