NSTC Subcommittee on Domestic IEDs


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This presentation provides an overview of the National Science and Technology Council's Subcommittee on Domestic IEDs.

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NSTC Subcommittee on Domestic IEDs

  1. 1. National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Domestic IEDs
  2. 2. The Executive Office of the President White House Office Office of the National Security (HSC, Freedom Corps, Faith-Based Initiatives) Vice President Council Domestic Policy Council Office of Management Office of Science & Nat’l Economic Council & Budget Technology Policy Nat’l AIDS Policy US Trade Council of Office of National Representative Environmental Quality Drug Control Policy Office of Council of Economic Foreign Intelligence Administration Advisors Advisory Board Primarily career staff Primarily political staff Mix of political, detailees and career
  3. 3. OSTP – What We Do • Advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the impacts of science and technology on domestic and international affairs; • Lead an interagency effort to develop and implement sound science and technology policies and budgets; • Work with the private sector to ensure Federal investments in science and technology contribute to economic prosperity, environmental quality, and national security; • Build strong partnerships among Federal, State, and local governments, other countries, and the scientific community; • Evaluate the scale, quality, and effectiveness of the Federal effort in science and technology.
  4. 4. National Science & Technology Council ► Established by Executive Order 12881 ► (a) The principal functions of the Council are, to the extent permitted by law: ■ 1. to coordinate the science and technology policy-making process; ■ 2. to ensure science and technology policy decisions and programs are consistent with the President’s stated goals; ■ 3. to help integrate the President’s science and technology policy agenda across the Federal Government; ■ 4. to ensure science and technology are considered in development and implementation of Federal policies and programs; and ■ 5. to further international cooperation in science and technology. ► (b) All executive department and agencies, whether or not represented on the Council, shall coordinate science and technology policy through the council and shall share information on research and development budget requests with the council. ► (c) The Council shall develop for submission to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget recommendations on research and development budgets that reflect national goals. In addition, the Council shall provide advice to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget concerning the agencies’ research and development budget submissions.
  5. 5. NSTC Organizational Framework President Vice President Director, OSTP PCAST (private sector advice) Executive Secretary NSTC Agency POCs Cabinet Secretaries, Agency Heads Exec. Sec. Committee Agency Reps Co-Chairs, Agency Members OSTP, OMB Subcommittee Working Group Task Force Working Group Task Force Task Force
  6. 6. NSTC Subcommittee on Domestic IEDs ►Subcommittee Tasking ►Coordinate RDT&E plans among the federal agencies involved in this area ►Identify RDT&E recommendations for leap-ahead technologies in countering domestic IEDs ►Ensure a consistent message about domestic counter-IED technologies ►Recommend a multi-agency investment strategy to counter domestic IEDs ►Strengthen international and public sector partnerships to foster advancement of domestic counter-IED technologies ►Co-Chairs : ►Dr. Ruth Doherty (DHS S&T) ►Mr. Jeffrey David (TSWG) ►Mr. Duane Blackburn (OSTP) ►Membership DoD (Army, DTRA, JIEDDO, TSWG), DOE, DHS (OBP, S&T, TSA), DOJ (ATF, FBI, NIJ), DHHS, State, DOT, CIA, DNI, EPA, NASA, NOAA, NSA, USPIS, EOP (OSTP, HSC, OMB, NSC)
  7. 7. Homeland Security Presidential Directive 19 “Combating Terrorist Use of Explosives in the United States” ►Signed February 12, 2007 ►Establishes a national policy on the prevention and detection of, protection against, and response to terrorist use of explosives and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in the United States ►Directs DHS to coordinate D-IED related RDT&E ►Being implemented through the NSTC Subcommittee on D- IEDs
  8. 8. Contrasting IED Environments Iraq/Afghanistan United States Symbology important Symbology important IEDs recognized as a major threat Limited IED threat awareness Collateral damage minor concern Collateral damage major concern Terrorist support in population Non-supportive population Operatives plentiful Few operatives Explosives readily available Explosives less readily available Limited U.S. soft targets Plentiful soft targets Primarily tactical targets Many strategic targets ►Roadside bombs effective ►Roadside bombs unlikely ►Virtually no infrastructure ►Vulnerable critical infrastructure Lots of data on enemy TTPs Little data on enemy TTPs Limited population data Detailed population data Limited internal security Comprehensive internal security Limited street surveillance Increasing street surveillance Unified U.S./Allied command Multiple independent entities Broad leeway for countermeasures Severe legal and social constraints “IEDs: Coming to America”, HSSTAC Report, 29 Feb 08
  9. 9. Need Prioritization Critical Needs • C-ED Network Attack and Analysis • Detection of Homemade Explosives • Standoff Rapid Detection of Person Borne IEDs • Vehicle-borne IED Detection • IED Access and Defeat • Radio Controlled IED Countermeasures • IED Assessment and Diagnostics • Waterborne IED Detect and Defeat Systems • IED Warnings • IED Threat Characterization and Signatures
  10. 10. Next Steps ► Analysis ► In-depth analysis of current federal plans ► Gap analysis to identify duplication and holes ► Coordination ► Interagency-based RDT&E topic selection, funding and management ► Teams to work on identified Critical Needs ► Outreach ► Awareness of the Challenge document ■ Influence private sector to concentrate on identified Critical Needs ► Public-private partnerships ► Conferences to share lessons learned, experiences, needs, etc.