Computr Ergonomics

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A brief intro2computer ergonomics and how to prevent repeated stress injuries

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Computr Ergonomics

  1. 1. Computer Ergonomics By: Darrin Blake
  2. 2. What is Computer Ergonomics? <ul><li>Computer Ergonomics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The arrangement of our work stations and or out work behavior can increase, or decrease repetitive stress injuries. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Where did Computer Ergonomics come from? <ul><li>Computer Ergonomics came from the concern of employees in the work area who have encountered work related injuries because of repetitive stress to certain joints or bones. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How has it changed society? <ul><li>There are less Repeated stress injuries. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Are repeated stress injuries common? <ul><li>Yes, they are common. </li></ul><ul><li>They occur mostly in people who work in office-like settings. </li></ul><ul><li>Also in people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who are old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People who work strenuously with the same routine </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. How to prevent Repetitive Stress Injuries? <ul><li>The placement of the P.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Height of the chair </li></ul><ul><li>How far away is the monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting in the area </li></ul><ul><li>These are just some of the things that you can improve to prevent the injures. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How to prevent Repetitive Stress Injuries? <ul><li>Stretching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every 30mins or every hour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To prevent stiffness in neck and shoulders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Breaks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every 2hours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking some where other than your screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Preventing Repetitive Stress Injuries? (cont’d)
  9. 9. Test to check your typing area: <ul><li>As stated on www.EHRS.upenn.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>…“ The proper work surface height depends on the workers height as shown in the table below: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These are approximate heights </li></ul>27”- 30” 5’7”- 6’0” 30”- 32” 6’1”- 6’5” 26”- 27” 5’4”- 5’6” 25”- 26” 5’0”- 5’3” Table Height Workers Height
  10. 10. Test to check your typing area:
  11. 11. As stated on www.ergonomics.UCLA.edu <ul><li>Eye Strain </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce glare on your computer screen by adjusting it's placement and tilt, using a glare guard or using window blinds and light filters </li></ul><ul><li>Rest eyes intermittently by focusing on distant objects </li></ul><ul><li>Take visual breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Blink often when viewing the monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Wear appropriate corrective lens for computer work </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust the font, flicker and contrast of your monitor screen </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cont’d <ul><li>Force/Pressure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key with a light touch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid prolonged or excessive grasping of the mouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use larger diameter pens to reduce grip when writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use electric stapler for large stapling jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select a chair with adequate padding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid resting elbows and wrists on sharp or hard edges and surfaces </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Cont’d <ul><li>Awkward Posture </li></ul><ul><li>Sit supported against the back of your chair </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid bending or twisting your neck or trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Keep shoulders relaxed and arms close by sides when working </li></ul><ul><li>Keep elbows at a 100 to 110 degree angle when using the keyboard and mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Keep wrists in a straight or neutral position when keying or mousing </li></ul><ul><li>Keep fingers in a relaxed position when keying or using the mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Keep work materials within close reach </li></ul><ul><li>Use a telephone headset for frequent/prolonged phone use </li></ul><ul><li>Change positions/tasks frequently </li></ul>
  14. 15. References: <ul><li>www.osha.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.EHRS.upenn.edu </li></ul><ul><li>www.SEFSC.hoaa.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.cardius.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ergonomice.UCLA.edu </li></ul>

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