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Gold Rush Australia Chinese Miners


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An overview of the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s and its impact on Australia

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Gold Rush Australia Chinese Miners

  1. 1. The Gold Rush
  2. 2. Gold Rush: earlier discoveries <ul><li>Convicts found gold and were ‘flogged’ </li></ul><ul><li>Authorities were worried about a ‘rush’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ We’ll have our throats cut!’ </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gold ‘Rush’
  4. 4. Gold Rush: around the world <ul><li>Other ‘rushes’: </li></ul><ul><li>California ‘rush’ 1848-49 </li></ul><ul><li>1851 Victorian gold rush began </li></ul><ul><li>biggest of several Australian gold rushes </li></ul><ul><li>many miners from Victoria later travelled to join a gold rush in NZ </li></ul><ul><li>this ‘rush’ kick-started New Zealand's economy </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gold Rush: Victoria <ul><li>The Victorian gold rush </li></ul><ul><li>was highly significant for the development of Victoria and Melbourne </li></ul><ul><li>This included </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>political development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>economic development </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Gold Rush: Bendigo buildings
  7. 7. Gold Rush: Ballarat buildings
  8. 8. Gold Rush: impact <ul><li>With the Australian gold rushes came </li></ul><ul><li>construction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>first railways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>first telegraph lines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>migrants other places and cultures (beginning of multicultural Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>outbreaks of racism </li></ul><ul><li>the Eureka Stockade and changes to the system for election of parliamentarians in Victoria (and later Australia) – vote for all adult males </li></ul><ul><li>the end of transportation of convicts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Gold Rush: transport <ul><li>Many city people left for ‘the diggings’ </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of rich country towns </li></ul><ul><li>Development of transport </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gold Rush: Chinese Miners <ul><li>Organised into groups, worked hard </li></ul><ul><li>Worked on mines others had left </li></ul><ul><li>Saved money, started businesses </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gold Rush: Many Cultures <ul><li>The people who ‘rushed’ to the goldfields </li></ul><ul><li>Came from all over Australia </li></ul><ul><li>Came from all over the world, inclding </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irish </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Russiona </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Gold Rush Chinese migrants <ul><li>2,000 buried at Beechworth Cemetery (in Victoria) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Gold Rush Chinese migrants <ul><li>largest non-British group of migrants during this period </li></ul><ul><li>in 1852 there was 400 Chinese immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>in 1855 more than 4,000 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Gold Rush: Victoria <ul><li>The Victorian gold rush </li></ul><ul><li>began just when Victoria became independent </li></ul><ul><li>thousands of miners arrived quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>only 50 police and soldiers in colony </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hard to find police – criminals and misfits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Victorian government needed money </li></ul><ul><li>Victorian government controlled by rich farmers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>introduced system of licences for gold diggers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Victorian Gold Rush: Licences <ul><li>Mining Licences </li></ul><ul><li>expensive </li></ul><ul><li>not everyone found gold </li></ul><ul><li>police harassment </li></ul><ul><li>series of events led to unrest </li></ul>
  16. 16. Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade <ul><li>The Stockade </li></ul><ul><li>People from around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to stand together </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Birth of the Eureka Flag
  17. 17. Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade
  18. 18. Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade EUREKA DECEMBER 3, 1854 (Oil on Canvas) Artist: George Browning A.M. (1918-2000)
  19. 19. Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade <ul><li>many killed or arrested </li></ul><ul><li>leaders found ‘not guilty’ by jury </li></ul>EUREKA DECEMBER 3, 1854 (Oil on Canvas) Artist: George Browning A.M. (1918-2000)
  20. 20. Gold Rush: Eureka Stockade EUREKA DECEMBER 3, 1854 (Oil on Canvas) Artist: George Browning A.M. (1918-2000)
  21. 21. Eureka Stockade: outcomes <ul><li>Change in the Victorian law about who could vote </li></ul><ul><li>Leader Peter Lalor voted into Victorian parliament </li></ul><ul><li>parliament awarded a pension of 4,000 pounds when he retired in 1887 </li></ul>