Web resources

937 views

Published on

Web resources used to avoid cognitive overload and ensure UDL

Published in: Technology, Design
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
937
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
26
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Web resources

  1. 1. Web Resources #1 Site Review:WebAim508 Checklist URL Address:http://webaim.org/standards/508/checklist Purpose/Content/Topic: Site giveschecklistforproperlyformattingHTML,scripts,Java,and plug-ins. Linksare presenttofull versionof 508, as well aslinktosupport. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Site isanexcellentresource touse forensuringaccessibility.However, formatis mostlywithindatatables,whichwouldprove frustratingwithascreenreaderinrespectto organization. WebValidator:WAVEaccessibilitycheckerdetectsnoaccessibilityerrorsfound.Table headercellsare presentandlinks are functional.However,thereisanalertfor Javascript element. Accessibility/UDL:Translationsare available for4differentlanguages.Headingsare properlymarked,no flashingorhighlypixilatedimages. Site suchasthismustbe usedtoensure accessibilityforall learners. Thisis a simple checklistwhichdesignerscanuse to make sure theirtechnologywill be accessible to individualswithhearing,physical,sight,andcognitive disabilities.
  2. 2. #2 Site Review:JenniferHerrodCognitiveOverload URL Address:http://www.jchconsulting.com/fall2000/ Purpose/Content/Topic: Site simplyexplainscognitive load,workingmemory,andprovidesmany helpful tips.Cognitive loadwithineducationand workforce presentationsare explored,warning symptomsgiven,andassistance toavoidprovided. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Site reinforcesresearchIhave foundtodate,and is presentedinsimple to understandlanguage.Majorweaknessisthatsite isfull of accessibilityerrorsandhashorrible navigation.Doescontainpractice inreducingcognitive load. WebValidator:Wave detected32accessibilityerrors. Errorsinclude missingalttext,java script elements,eventhandlerandmissingelements. Accessibility/UDL:Notaccessible.Language isstraightforwardandeasyto understandfora screen readeror translationdevice,butmissinglinksandpoornavigationcause frustration.Ifindthisrather ironicfora site thatis meantto reduce cognitive load. Sitecanbe usedbydesignerstoensure cognitive overloadisavoidedforindividualswithdisabilities,aswell asall otherindividuals,whichisthe aimof UDL.
  3. 3. #3 Site Review:WebaimPowerpointtechniques URL Address:http://webaim.org/techniques/powerpoint/#intro Purpose/Content/Topic: Thissite isaninformative compilationof informationinstructingreaderhowto create accessible PowerPointpresentations.Site includesdetailed,user-friendlyinstructionsconsisting of creatingaccessible PowerpointfilesforMac, properslide layout,how toinstall alttext,properway to handle datatables,howtoinstall links,how toconvertPowerpointtootherformatsandexportto PDF,how to create HTML slides,andmyfavorite,instructionsof how touse the 2010 Powerpoint accessibilitychecker. Strengths andWeaknesses:Site containsawealthof informationforcreators,andeverythingis explainedinsimple tounderstandlanguage. Weaknesswouldbe if userdoesnothave Powerpoint installed. WebValidator:WAVEdetectednoaccessibilityerrorswithinsite. Accessibility/UDL:Site isveryaccessible.Simple instructionsare used,andimagesare usedtoassist instruction.Site isnotcluttered,andinformationisindispensabletocreatorstryingto make sure their Powerpointsare accessible toall. Designersfollowingproceduresexplainedinthissite will helpto ensure technologyisaccessibletoindividualswithcognitive,physical,visual,andhearingdisabilities. Typesof disabilitiesare explainedto ensure websites,presentations,anddocumentsare accessibletoall learners. #4 Site Review:LDOnline URL Address:http://www.ldonline.org/index.php
  4. 4. Purpose/Content/Topic: LD Online offers hundreds of expert-reviewed articles and resources for educators, parents, and others concerned about children and adults with learning disabilities and ADHD. Below are the major topics covered, which the user can connect to articles and resources on each issue.  About LD  Accommodations & Modifications  ADHD  Adults with LD  Behavior & Social Skills  Classroom Management  College & College Prep  Early Identification  English Language Learners & LD  Evaluation / LD Testing  Gifted & LD  Homeschooling  Homework Help  IEPs  Legislation & Policy  Math & Dyscalculia  Nonverbal LD  Parenting & Family  Processing Deficits  Reading & Dyslexia  Research & Reports  Response to Intervention  Self Esteem & Stress Management  Special Education  Speech & Language  Study Skills  Teaching & Instruction  Technology  Transition: School to Work  Writing & Spelling Site alsoincludeslearningdisabilityandADHDbasicswithlinkstoeachtopic. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Site isawealthof informationandeasytonavigate toresearchtopics.Nice that index remainstoleftoneachpage.Somuch informationinone place couldbe considereda weakness.
  5. 5. WebValidator:WAVEdetected4accessibilityerrors,whichinclude problematiclinktext,javascript elements,andverylongalttext.Headingsare properlylabeled,andalttextispresent. Accessibility/UDL:Excellentsite toeducate developersaboutspecificdisabilities,andeducationisa mustto have abilitytomake technologyaccessible toeveryone.Well knownandrare disabilitiesare covered,anditis useful forparents,kids,andeducators. Navigationiseasy,andsite evenincludesa glossaryforusers. Helpavailable forADHA,stressmanagement,reading,andwritingtoname a few. Also,giftedstudentsandtheirneedsare addressed. #5 Site Review: Projectone URL Address:http://projectone.cannect.org/index.php Purpose/Content/Topic: Projectone isanonline free guidetocreatingaccessibleonline learning throughtechnology. Topicscoveredare HTML, UDL, accessibility,andassistive technology.Best practicesand advice fordesigningaccessibleeducational contentisprovided.Home of site ispresented as an outline,creatingease of navigation.Visual,hearing,cognitive,andphysical disabilitiesare exploredinrelationtoassistivetechnology.
  6. 6. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Site iswell organized,simplywrote,andisdesignedfornovicesandexperts alike.The weaknesswouldbe somuchinformationtoprocess,bettertouse site forspecificguidance and reference. WebValidator:WAVEdetectednoaccessibilityerrorswithinsite. Accessibility/UDL:Site isaccessible,hasproperlyworkinglinks,andcontainsawealthof guidelinesand suggestionsforensuringaccessibilityforall learnerswithinanonline environment.Sevenaspectsof UDL are covered,aswell asexplanationof how online educational contentbenefitsfromUDL. #6 Site Review: CAST URL Address:http://cast.org/ Purpose/Content/Topic: CASTisan acronymfor CenterforAppliedSpecial Technology.The site contains a wealthof informationandlatesttrendsregardingusingtechnologytoassistpersonswithdisabilities. Linksto variouslearningtoolsare included,all of whichincorporate UDLintolearning. A libraryis includedofferingresearcharticles,presentations,books,videosandstatements.Multiple professional developmentsare offered,bothwithinsiteandclassesforeducatorstoattend.A simple tounderstand explanationof UDLisgiven,aswell asa questionandanswersection.
  7. 7. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Thissite isanexcellentall inclusive UDLguide,accessible andeasyto comprehend.The onlyweaknessseemstobe the missinglearnerinformation.Icouldnotfindany informationinrespecttospecificlearners. WebValidator:WAVEdetectednoaccessibilityerrors.Titlesare formattedproperly,andlinkskeepuser on same page. Accessibility/UDL:Site isaccessibletoindividualswithhearingandsightdisabilities,and isveryhelpfulin explainingUDLto designers.Videosare provides,andlinksfunctiontoenhance learning,asopposedto creatingoverload. The aspectsof UDL are simplyandthoroughlyexplained,evenincludingvideo explanation. #7 Site Review:MicrosoftAccessibilityTechnologyforEveryone URL Address:http://www.microsoft.com/enable/guides/vision.aspx Purpose/Content/Topic: Thissite isdesignedforusersof Microsofttoensure theirtechnologycreations are accessible toall,because Microsoftrealizes“Accessibilityenablespeople.”The site containsnews and articles,tutorialsanddemosforusingOffice 2010,WindowsXP,Windows7,and WindowsVista. Site alsoofferslinksand descriptionstoproductsandguides,andhelpfindingassistivetechnology. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Thissite isamazing.Mostusersshouldhave Microsoft,andthe amountof UDL resourcesavailableseemendless.The onlyweaknessIcouldfindisthe more youreview site,the more you wantto learn,andcouldeasilygetcaughtup for hours. WebValidator:WAVEdetectednoaccessibilityerrors. Accessibility/UDL:Site canbe usedto ensure accessibilityforall,andteachesuserhow touse the seemingly endlesssupplyof assistivetechnologylocatedwithinMicrosoftOffice.Helpisavailable for
  8. 8. individualswithvisionimpairments,dexterityandmobilityimpairments,learningimpairments,hearing impairments,andlanguage andcommunicationimpairments.Thissite isthe offersthe essence of UDL, the abilitytoreach all learners. Software Resources #1 Software Resource:WAVE URL Address:http://wave.webaim.org/ Purpose/Content/Topic:WAVEisa free webvalidator usedtocheckaccessibilityof webpages,HTML, and files. Usercaninstall with Firefox,Dreamweaver,orinstall Wave intobrowserortoolbar.Purpose is to helpdesignerswithwebaccessibilityissues. StrengthsandWeaknesses:Easytouse,free,resultswithinseconds.Weaknessisthatithighlightserrors and tellsnumberof errors,butnotas explainedassome othervalidatorsites. WebValidator:Thissource isa webvalidator. Accessibility/UDL:Easyto use,all userneedstodo iscut and paste website intobox. Site helpswithUDL by checkingaccessibilityinwebsites,files,andHTML codesto ensure technologyisaccessibletoall learners.
  9. 9. #2 Software Resource: Text2Speech URL Address:http://www.text2speech.org/ Purpose/Content/Topic: Free site allowingusertodownloadanytext,whichisthenconvertedtoMP3 file whichcanbe listenedto,helpingindividualswithvisual disabilities.Usermayuse MP3 filesforany use,evencommercial use.Maximum lengthallowed is5000 words,solongdocumentssuchas novels wouldnotbe used. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Free,easytouse,andcouldbe usedwithinschoolsforstudentstoheartext aloud. Users can adjustvolume,choose from5voices, andonlyhave tocut andpaste textto use. Weaknessesare the voices,theyare roboticsounding. WebValidator:WAVEdetects3 accessibilityerrors.These includepop- upwindows,javascript elements,andformlabelsare missing. Accessibility/UDL:Software isfree andeasytouse.UDL purpose isfor individualswithvisual disabilities to heartext.Also, usingText2 Speech will helpcreatorstoensure accessibilitytotext.
  10. 10. #3 Software Resource: Natural Reader URL Address:http://www.naturalreaders.com/index.htm Purpose/Content/Topic: Free software whichcanbe usedthroughwebpage or downloadedsoftware or purchasedsoftware.Pricesrange from$49.50 to $299. Choicesrange frompersonal use todeveloper use. Software canbe usedfor word,PDF,emails,orevenwebpage conversionfromtextintospeech. Fourteenfree voicesare available onthe website. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Free onlineversioneasytouse,voicesare pleasantandnatural touser, tutorialsare helpful,andculturallyfriendly.Weaknessisthatmostof site isadvertisementtoupgrade to more expensive versions. WebValidator:WAVEdetected68accessibilityerrorsforsite. These includejavascriptelements,event handler,missingalttext,problematiclinktext,andinvisible content. Accessibility/UDL:Wonderfultool forstudentswhichisfree andwill convertanytextforindividualswith visual disabilities.Softwareis simpleforstudentstouse,aswell asdesignerstoensure accessibilityof theirdocumentforscreenreaders.Multipletutorialsare presenttoassistwithuse. Choice of voices available touserincludesmanynationalities.
  11. 11. #4 Software Resource: TextCompactor URL Address:http://textcompactor.com/ Purpose/Content/Topic: Free online textsummarizationtool.Youcaneithertype inbox or cut and paste text.Userthenslidestoarrow to determinewhatpercentage of texttheywanttocompact.User then can transfertextintodocument,screenreader,ortranslationdevice.Thissoftware canbe usedto reduce wordinesswhichcausescognitiveoverloadforindividualswithmanytypesof disabilities. Strengthsand Weaknesses:Site iseasytouse,nodistractions, amazinghow itsummarizesmywords withoutchangingcritical pointswithinseconds.Weaknesswouldbe thatIdidnot see anyabilityto uploada documenttocheck. WebValidator:WAVEdetectednoaccessibilityerrors. Accessibility/UDL:Site accessible,willensure documentsare accessible toscreenreaders.Canbe used for individualswithsightdisabilitiesorEnglishLanguage Learnerstoensure yourtextisbrief,tothe point,andcognitive overloadcan be avoided.
  12. 12. #5 Software Resource: Vozme URL Address:http://vozme.com/index.php?lang=en Purpose/Content/Topic: Free online texttospeechtool. Vozme isusedtoconvert texttospeechwhen enteredintobox,thentranslatingwordstospeech.Userpushesmarkedbuttontocreate an MP3 file, whichautomaticallyplays. The abilitytostopandrestartspeechispresent,andwhenyouclick unmarkedicon,userisdirectedbackto original site toentermore text. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Free andconvertstextquickly.Weaknessesinclude thatyoucanonly choose a male or female voice,theyare automatedsounding,andspeechautomaticallyplays,you cannot start or stop. WebValidator:WAVEdetectstwoaccessibilityerrors.Theseinclude missingstructure,invisible content, and formlabelsmissing. Accessibility/UDL:Will translate intoEnglish,Spanish,Hindu,anda few otherlanguages.Site ishelpful to those withvisual disabilities,anddesignerswho are creatingaccessible documents. However,site is not veryaccessible whenlisteningtospeech.The buttonstostopand start speechare tinyandalmost unnoticeable.
  13. 13. #6 Software Resource:EastEnd LiteracyReadingEffectivenessTool URL Address:http://www.eastendliteracy.on.ca/clearlanguageanddesign/readingeffectivenesstool/ Purpose/Content/Topic: Thistool isusedto evaluate if yourmanuscriptiswithinproperreadinglevel for youraudience.Userchoosesshortor longdocument,intendedaudience, andthen answers7criteria questionstodetermine readinglevel. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Site isverytime consumingtouse.Icannotvisualize someonewitha disabilityusingthe site,butitisa helpful sitefordevelopers.Strengthisthatisprovideswriterwithan accurate evaluationof the readabilitylevel of theirtext. WebValidator:WAVEdetected32accessibilityerrorswhichneedcorrected.Errorsappeartoall be causedby missingstructure. Accessibility/UDL:Toolsisveryuseful whenusingtexttoensure itwill notcause overloadforintended audience.If material ispresentedattoohighof a grade level,cognitiveoverloadwill occur.Even though site itself hasmanyerrorswhichneedcorrectedandisdifficulttouse,grade levelinrelationtoreaders isan importantaspectof avoidingoverload. Difficultbecause have toactuallyhandcountsentences.
  14. 14. #7 Software Resource: Site pointcoloraccessibilitytool URL Address:http://www.sitepoint.com/color-accessibility-tools/ Purpose/Content/Topic: CheckmyColors,ColorScheme Designer,GraybitandVisCheckare five color accessibilitysiteswhichare linkedtothissite. The purpose of thissite istoorganize colorissues,and simplifycheckingforaccessibility. ItriedCheckmyColorson a website Icreatedlastsemester.Ittested 205 elements,andlistedhowmanyfailuresinrelationtoluminositycontrastratio,brightness difference,andcolordifference. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Site offerslinksto4 differentcoloraccessibilitytools.Eachtool isfora differentpurpose.Itwouldseemtomake more sense tofollow ruleswithinWCAGguidelines, followed by usingone of these toolstodouble checkyouraccessibility. Havingall fourwithinone site maybe overwhelming. Resultsare technical. WebValidator:WAVEdetected37accessibilityerrorswithinthissite.Errorsinclude problematiclink textsandincorrectlyorderedheadings. Accessibility/UDL:Site explainsthat1 in 12 people have some kindof colordeficiency.Thistool will help a designertoadd colorto theirpresentation,site,ordocumentwhile still keepingitaccessible toall. Thissite helpsdesignerstomake workaccessible toindividualswithcolorblindnessandwell asmany colordeficits.Ithelpsdesignertoadhere toWCAGguidelines.
  15. 15. #8 Software Resource: MountFocusonscreenkeyboard URL Address:http://virtual-keyboard.com/ Purpose/Content/Topic: MountFocusis an informationsystemcompanywhichproducesonscreen keyboards,rangingfromstandardtocompletelycustomized.Pricesrange fromfifteendollarstofour hundredandninetyfive dollars.Free 30day trial isavailable.Tutorialsare available coveringmany questionsusersmayhave,andhelpwithuse of keyboard. StrengthsandWeaknesses: Strengthsare multiple optionstodesignownkeyboardtoensure compatibilityandsuccess,butkeyboardsare ratherexpensive,dependingonnumberof licenses accompanyingpurchase. WebValidator:WAVEdetected2accessibilityerrors.There are emptylinksandproblematiclinktexts. Accessibility/UDL:Eventhoughthe site haslinkissueswhichneedcorrected,thisisagoodsite for studentswithphysical disabilities.Onscreenkeyboardswillreduce the cognitive loadrelatedtousinga mouse andtraditional keyboard. Individualswithdisabilitiescandownloadafree keyboardtotestfor accessibility.Keyboardssuchasthese give all individualsaccessibilitytotechnology.

×