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A brief History of Pakistan, its economy, politics, its foreign dependency - complete with speaker notes

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  • This presentation gives you a brief but efficient overview of Pakistan and some of the issues within.
  • In the beginning, there was British India, a Crown colony that came into existence in 1858. Pakistan, originally coined as Pakstan for Muslims living in Punjab and Afghan by a student at Cambridge, was the result of a call for a Muslim state that would join the British Indian provinces of Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, and the North-West Frontier. Pakistan’s formation in 1947 started on the two-nation theory. The two-nation theory was the basis for the partition of India; Muslims and Hindus were two separate nations.
  • Pakistan is democratic in Name only - Despite in recent years, thoughts of transitioning to a democratic leadership Pakistan has been, and remains, a military dictatorship. The Government is constantly being manipulated by unauthorized powers; Pakistan’s Inter Services Intelligence – the military and the Taliban all while receiving outside pressure from the United States to take action against the Taliban. The Taliban is made up of Muslim extremists with a goal to combine Islamic law with government.
  • Pakistan’s economic system is an Islamic economic system. The Islamic economic system combines some of the elements of a capitalist system with that of a socialist system. While the economic growth rate of Pakistan is at that of a third world, indicators of social development have been much lower. Modernization is development, and primary involvement in the role of the world’s economic system based on their dependency can explain the significance of Pakistan’s economy.
  • Pakistan’s dependence on foreign capital, technology, and expertise has impeded their economic development. I believe this is due in part to the lack of equal modernization, and a working democracy - That and the instability caused by Muslim extremists; trying to intertwine religion and politics just does not seem to be a viable method to bring democracy to a country that is run by a military dictatorship and has an overwhelming array of social ills ranging from illiteracy to drug trafficking
  • Karachi Pakistan is considered by most to be Pakistan's crime capital. For years Karachi has been used by terrorists as a place to meet and smuggle weapons. a new form of crime has arrived and been prosperous; organized Jihad linked crime. Various criminal groups are working closely with the Taliban using Mafia style organization to carry out various deeds.
  • One of Pakistan's major problems is that over 60% of its population is illiterate, and of that, almost 80% are women. This limits the opportunities for women to enter the workforce and there is no population control and lack of education about family planning. This lack of education means that the country is unattractive to foreign business, development, and investment.
  • One of the biggest developments over the last twenty years is the aggressive political movements that are linked to religion. Religion and politics in Pakistan are plagued by great conflict. Religious parties in Pakistan want to turn the country into an Islamic state. This means that all government and public policy decisions will be based on the radical interpretations of Islam.
  • Depending on where in Pakistan you are, the socio-economic class of women can vary considerably due to the uneven economic development, or the unequal modernization. In some areas of Pakistan, women are isolated from social contact with mostly men in an effort to deter the social harms that could be directed at Muslim women. This is known as Purdah. Gender based discrimination causing socioeconomic disadvantages plays a major role in their status , Purdah, is a major constraint towards the oppression of women. An oppression that is wrong when you consider that women are major contributors to the four subsectors of the rural economy;crop production, livestock production, cottage industry, household and family maintenance.
  • Unfortunately, Pakistan is geographically located near some of the world's most traveled drug routes. Heroin from the Afghani poppies, hashish, and even marijuana finds its way through the country regularly. Because of the internal problems, and a lack of a legal substructure, crime is rampant, and there is almost no control over drugs, violent crime, gangs, and the resulting corruption brought forth from these types of activity. Until both stabilization of the government and economy occur, it is unlikely that the situation in Pakistan will dramatically improve.
  • This concludes the Pakistan Presentation
  • Pakistan

    1. 1. By Richard Dawber<br />Pakistan <br />
    2. 2. British Colonies <br />Pakistan and India divide<br />1947<br />Separate States (Muslim, Hindu)<br />History<br />
    3. 3. Supposedly Democratic<br />Three sects vying for control<br />ISI<br />Military<br />Taliban<br />U. S. Pressure<br />Government and Politics<br />
    4. 4. Islamic<br />Capitalist<br />Socialist<br />Low social development rate<br />Selected Development<br />Modernization in selected areas<br />Outside Dependence<br />dependency theory<br />Economy<br />
    5. 5. Capital<br />Finances<br />Technology<br />Weapons<br />Expertise<br />Advice<br />Foreign Dependency<br />
    6. 6. Organized<br />Bank Robbery<br />Kidnapping<br />Weapons Smuggling<br />Mafia Style Networks<br />Jihad<br />Crime<br />
    7. 7. Lack of Education<br />Illiteracy<br />Adequate Workforce<br />Population Control<br />Decreased Mortality Rate<br />Lack of Development<br />Absence of investment<br />Social Development<br />
    8. 8. 96% Islamic<br />4% Various other religions<br />Religion and Politics<br />Conflict<br />Religion<br />
    9. 9. Oppression<br />Purdah<br />Major Contributors<br />Rural Economy<br />Women’s Role<br />
    10. 10. Drugs<br />Heroin<br />Hashish<br />Marijuana<br />Opium<br />Lack of Legal Structure<br />Corruption<br />Outstanding Issues<br />
    11. 11. Quereshi, Rashid (1998) “History of Pakistan” Retrieved October 19 2009 from<br />Prasai, Surya B. (2008) US, G-8 Immigration Affected by Rapid Economic Globalization American Chronicle, Retrieved on November 4, 2009 from<br />Jehan, Qamar (2000) Role Of Women In Economic Development In Pakistan Pakistan Research Repository, Retrieved on November 5 2009 from<br />Chaudhry, Muhammad Sharif MA, LLA, PHD “Fundamentals of Islamic Economic System” Retrieved on October 18th from<br />Hurst, C. (1996). Pakistan's Ethnic Divide. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 19(2), 179-198. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database<br />Sources<br />