Allah human relation


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Explaining fundamental relationship between Allah and Human (An Islamic perspective)

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Allah human relation

  1. 1. Designed exclusively foruniversity students Creator – Human Relation: An Islamic Perspective 1st draft
  2. 2. Agenda● Background & Motivation● Importance of Topic● Explanation of Topic (Fiker & Tareeq)● What is beyond?● Summary 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 2
  3. 3. Background● Proof of Allah (Creator), Book, and Messenger● Established Relation with Allah SWT 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 3
  4. 4. Motivation● There is no god but Allah, Muhammad [peace be upon him] is the messenger of Allah.● I bear witness that there is no god but Allah; One is He, no partner hath He, and I bear witness that Muhammad [peace be upon him] is His Servant and Messenger. 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 4
  5. 5. Whats so Important?● What do these words really mean?● What do these words imply?● What is so special about these words?● What would be the role of these words in our life? 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 5
  6. 6. Its a contract● The words represent a contract between two parties – Allah (SWT) – Human (individually i.e., not in collection)● Whats a contract? – Binding between parties – Gains and losses attached with full-filling and breaking it – E.g., contract between university and student 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 6
  7. 7. How many contracts in this room? H A Allah H H H Human Who directs to whoH A H ● So I have a contract with Allah independent from all of you, and likewise same applies to all of us. H H ● However, this contract is same for H us all An illustration of explaining nature of contract ● Its a contract so dont overlook it :) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 7
  8. 8. What does it mean?● When we understand it we will be able to follow it in a more better way than without understanding it. 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 8
  9. 9. Understanding the Contract● Composed of two parts – There is no god but Allah – (Fiker; thinking) – Muhammad [peace be upon him] is the messenger of Allah – (Tareeq; methodology)● Human – Thinks, which leads to act – (i.e., Fiker drives action) – But how to Act (based on thinking) – (leads to Tareeq) – E.g.,: play soccer (thinking) – how to play (requires coaching of rules) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 9
  10. 10. Fiker (Thinking or Idea) – Al-Tafkeer (1/3)● Islamic Fiker; nothing is Good except what Allah has defined – Every good is known to Allah as He is all powerful and knowledgeable, and nobody knows any better than Him, so our fiker is that there is no good outside of what Allah has defined● What does illaha mean? – Except, only 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 10
  11. 11. Fiker (Thinking or Idea) – Al-Tafkeer (2/3)● Two types of fiker – Fundamental thought (Aqeedah; Creed) – Resultant thought (Haasil) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 11
  12. 12. Fiker (Thinking or Idea) – Al-Tafkeer (3/3)● Aqeedah or core could be easily observed as: – “Say, Allah is One.” (Al Ikhlas; 112:1)● Resultant rules ( Ahkam ) are derived from the doctrine and used for solving the issues of life in general. – “Those who take riba (usury or interest) will not stand but as stands the one whom the demon has driven crazy by his touch. That is because they have said: “Sale is but like riba.’’, while Allah has permitted trading, and prohibited riba...” ( Al Baqara; 2:275 ) – The above ayah results in thoughts related to specific relationships, i.e. the economy. – Other ayah have thoughts related to the conditions for and confirmation of the Islamic viewpoint towards men and women, rules related to business transactions, politics (Khilafah), food, clothing, etc. 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 12
  13. 13. Tareeq (methodology or Tareeqah) (1/2)● The method is the material manifestation of the idea which seeks to bring the ideology (way of complete life) into application.● Islamic Tareeq; follow Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in performing actions as he is the example for fulfilling the fiker in a right way● “Indeed, in the messenger of Allah a good example (uswatun hasana / ‫ )أ ُسوة حسنة‬has been set for the one who seeks Allah and the Last Day ََ َ ٌ َ ْ and thinks constantly about Allah.” (Quran 33:21) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 13
  14. 14. Tareeq (methodology or Tareeqah) (2/2)● Method addresses three subjects – Implementation of the solutions – Preserving the Aqeeda (creed) – Conveying the Islamic Call (Idea+method)● Every action as part of method requires Daleel (evidence) – Salah, Hajj, Jihad, etc., – So, obligatory daily Salah cant become six, must remain five ● forbidden to modify ( add, delete, or alter ) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 14
  15. 15. How Do Fiker and Tareeq Influence Life of a Muslim Daily? ? Norms, customs Allah Rights of each Human Human Choice of Human defined by Allah Rights of each Rights of each defined by Norms defined by Allah & humans ? Norms, customs Allah Rights of each Human Human Choice of Human defined by Allah UnIslamic way Islamic way 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 15
  16. 16. Fiker & Tareeq (Summing up) Fiker →What is the goal? Allah SWT knows every positivity Tareeq → Steps to achieve goal, Prophet Muhammad SAW is the example 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 16
  17. 17. Reality of Western Clichés● Is Robin hood a good example/hero? Not according to Islam? → Why?● Is “Ends justify the means” correct? Not according to Islam? → Why?● If a solider dies in the defense of a nation with an intent to claim credit of bravery, is he a hero? Not according to Islam? → Why? 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 17
  18. 18. Complete Code of Life● Islam is complete code of life – It has Fiker of everything – Tareeq for everything● Applying set theory (how many of you know set theory?) – Universal set of goodness (UG)= Islam – UG Union B = UG → Allowed (but Set B not needed) ● Set B must be subset of UG – UG Union C = Z → Not allowed (thats bidda, if Z != UG) ● Set Z is not a subset of UG 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 18
  19. 19. Strong Reminders from Allah SWT (1/2)● “Do you, then, believe in some parts of the Book, and disbelieve in others? So, what can be the punishment of those among you who do that, except disgrace in present life? And, on the Day of Judgment, they shall be turned to the most severe punishment. And Allah is not unaware of what you do.” (Al Baqara; 2:85 ) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 19
  20. 20. Strong Reminders from Allah SWT (2/2)● O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Then, if you quarrel about something, revert it back to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is good, and the best at the end. - Have you not seen those who claim that they have believed in what was revealed to you and what was revealed before you? They want to take their disputes to the Taghut, while they were ordered to reject it. Satan wants to mislead them to a remote wrong way. - When it is said to them, “Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger,” you will see the hypocrites turning away from you in aversion. (Al-Nisa 4;59-61) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 20
  21. 21. Some More Information Beyond Todays Talk (1/2)● Style (Usloub) → is different from method – "… And prepare as much power for them ( the enemy ) as possible. " ( Al Anfal 8:60 )● The Means (Waseelah) → using car instead of horses (general permission for traveling, means of objects are not restricted)● Plan (Khittah) → policy directed towards accomplishing a particular goal dictated by the Aqeedah and the Method 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 21
  22. 22. Some More Information Beyond Todays Talk (2/2)● Price of action in Islam – Fardh (Obligation) – Mandoob (Recommended) – Mubaah (Free to Decide) – Makrooh (Not Recommended) – Haram (Impermissible) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 22
  23. 23. Importance of Knowledge● The Prophet (saw) said: "Seeking knowledge is an obligation upon every Muslim" [Ibn Maajah (Al-Albaani: Saheeh)]● Hazzam bin Hakeem narrated from his uncle from the Messenger of Allah (SAW) who said: “You are in a time of many jurisprudents (fuqaha), few speakers, many who give and few who ask; so action in this time is better than knowledge. There will soon come a time of few jurisprudents, many speakers, many who beg and few who give; so knowledge in this time is better than action.” [reported by tabarani in his Alkabeer] 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 23
  24. 24. Summary● Allah has a contract for everyone in individual capacity● Law-abiding Muslim personality will take care of following two points, making absent any of the two will hurt personality of human from Shaksiya al Islamiya – Thinking (Fiker) shall be taken from what Allah (SWT) has defined – Methodology (Tareeq) shall be taken from Seerah of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 24
  25. 25. Questions● Caliph Umar (RA) traveled to take keys of Jerusalem from the Romans where he said famous words, “We were a people who lived in humiliation before. Allah gave us honour through Islam. If we sought honour through anything else (at the cost of Islam) then Allah will humiliate us again.” 08, Nov., 2012 NUIG 25